African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12392

Full Length Research Paper

Diversity and genetic identity of pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] in Tanzania based on microsatellite markers

Abdalah Makaranga
  • Abdalah Makaranga
  • Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Marian University College, P. O. Box 47, Bagamoyo, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Miccah Songelael Seth
  • Miccah Songelael Seth
  • Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, Sam Nujoma Road, Box 6226, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Ayub Ndee
  • Ayub Ndee
  • Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, Sam Nujoma Road, Box 6226, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Emmarold E. Mneney
  • Emmarold E. Mneney
  • Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, Sam Nujoma Road, Box 6226, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
George Mbwambo
  • George Mbwambo
  • Tanzania Partners of Hope in Development, P. O. Box 32752 Dar Es salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Kusirieli Lema
  • Kusirieli Lema
  • Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, Sam Nujoma Road, Box 6226, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Aron Godfrey
  • Aron Godfrey
  • College of Agriculture, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P. O. Box 3001, Morogoro, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Lilian Mrema
  • Lilian Mrema
  • Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, Sam Nujoma Road, Box 6226, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Andrew Kachiwile
  • Andrew Kachiwile
  • Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, Sam Nujoma Road, Box 6226, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Emmanuel Mrema
  • Emmanuel Mrema
  • Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, Sam Nujoma Road, Box 6226, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Theodosy J. Msogoya
  • Theodosy J. Msogoya
  • College of Agriculture, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P. O. Box 3001, Morogoro, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 26 February 2018
  •  Accepted: 08 June 2018
  •  Published: 27 June 2018

Abstract

Pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] is an important fruit crop cultivated in Tanzania. However, the knowledge on genetic diversity of the pineapple cultivars grown in Tanzania is limited. This study was aimed at determining the genetic diversity and identity of pineapple cultivars from different growing regions in Tanzania using microsatellite markers also known as simple sequence repeat marker (SSR). Ten of the 18 microsatellite markers were polymorphic and generated a total of 22 distinct reproducible bands with an average of 2.2 bands per primer pair. The number of polymorphic bands detected with each primer pair ranged from 1 to 3 with an average of 1.5 per primer pair. The polymorphic information content (PIC) values of each primer pair ranged from 0.17 to 0.79 with an average of 0.41. Two microsatellite loci TsuAC010 and TsuAC039 revealed PIC values higher than 0.50 thus suggesting that such primers have high discriminatory ability. The consensus tree derived from the unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic means (UPGMA) revealed four different groups. Kinole-SCT sub-population formed a distinct group from Madeke-SCT and MD2 hybrid cultivar. Kinole-SC, Mukuranga-SC, and Kiwangwa-SCcultivars were closely related on the cluster analysis. This study demonstrated the existence of low genetic diversity in pineapples cultivated in Tanzania implying that a well-thought-out breeding strategies should be employed for genetic improvements of pineapple. Introduction of exotic clones and employment of modern breeding strategies such as marker assisted selection (MAS) and genetic engineering technologies is recommended. This will widen the current genetic pool of pineapple in Tanzania.

Key words: Pineapple [Ananascomosus (L.) Merr.], microsatellite markers, genetic diversity, unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic means (UPGMA), polymorphic information content (PIC).