African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12433

Full Length Research Paper

Influence of spacing and application of biofertilizer on growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench)

Juliete Araujo da Silva Nunes
  • Juliete Araujo da Silva Nunes
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Agronomia da UFSM, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Jarisson Cavalcante Nunes
  • Jarisson Cavalcante Nunes
  • PNPD-Capes/Programa de Pós-Graduação em Agronomia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Jandie Araujo da Silva
  • Jandie Araujo da Silva
  • Universidade Federal de Roraima (UFRR), Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Ademar Pereira de Oliveira
  • Ademar Pereira de Oliveira
  • Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Areia, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante
  • Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante
  • Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Areia, Brazil
  • Google Scholar
Denizard Oresca
  • Denizard Oresca
  • Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Ovídio Paulo Rodrigues da Silva
  • Ovídio Paulo Rodrigues da Silva
  • Instituto Federal do Piauí (IFPI), Brazil.
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  •  Received: 13 October 2017
  •  Published: 10 January 2018


The adequate spacing in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) influences its growth and fruit production. The objective of this study was to evaluate the growth, the leaf composition and okra production in different spacing with and without biofertilizer. This research was carried out from October, 2012 to March, 2013, at the Federal University of Paraiba, Areia county, Paraiba State, Brazil. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design with three replications, using the 3 × 4 × 2 factorial scheme, referring to three spacing between rows (0.80, 1.00 and 1.20 m), four spacing between plants (0.30, 0.40, 0.50 and 0.60 m), with and without bovine biofertilizer. The leaf area, mean fruit mass, number of plant-1 fruits, plant-1 fruit yield and N, P and K contents were significantly influenced by the spacing × biofertilizer interaction. The commercial productivity of the okra was altered only by the spacing. The application of biofertilizer at spacing of 1.00 × 0.50 m and 1.20 × 0.50 m increased the leaf area of ​​okra. The smaller spacing, associated with the presence of biofertilizer, increased the productive characteristics of okra.


Key words: Organic input, population density, yield.