African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12370

Review

Survival rate of donkey foals: Status quo and improvement methods

Yonghui Wang
  • Yonghui Wang
  • Liaocheng Research Institute of Donkey High-Efficiency Breeding and Ecological Feeding, Liaocheng University, P. R. China.
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Tianqi Wang
  • Tianqi Wang
  • Liaocheng Research Institute of Donkey High-Efficiency Breeding and Ecological Feeding, Liaocheng University, P. R. China.
  • Google Scholar
Zhengwei Zhang
  • Zhengwei Zhang
  • Liaocheng Research Institute of Donkey High-Efficiency Breeding and Ecological Feeding, Liaocheng University, P. R. China.
  • Google Scholar
Changfa Wang
  • Changfa Wang
  • Liaocheng Research Institute of Donkey High-Efficiency Breeding and Ecological Feeding, Liaocheng University, P. R. China.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 25 June 2021
  •  Accepted: 18 August 2021
  •  Published: 31 August 2021

Abstract

The industrial improvement of donkey-hide gelatin and the development of related products, such as donkey meat, donkey milk, and donkey-hide gelatin cake, drive the upstream donkey breeding industry. However, the shortage of donkey germplasm resources seriously restricts the further development of the donkey industry. Under the biological limitations of long breeding cycle, slow breeding, low conception rate, high abortion rate, and low survival rate, lower numbers of donkey foals have become an important limiting factor in the development of this industry. This paper clarifies the ways by which the survival rate of donkey foals can be improved from five aspects: Selection and breeding of female donkeys; physiological characteristics of donkey foals; key points of nursing; prevention and control of transportation stress; and control of common diseases. These aspects are important in enhancing the economic benefits of donkey farms and breeding farmers.

 

Key words: Female donkeys, donkey foals, feeding, survival rate, nursing.