African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12400

Full Length Research Paper

Anti-diabetic action of the aqueous extract of Ocimum suave in alloxan-induced diabetic rats

Umar, I. A.1*, Mohammed, A.1, Dawud, F. A2, Kyari, H.1 and Abdullahi, M.1
  1Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru-Zaria, Nigeria. 2Department of Human Physiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru-Zaria, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 16 April 2012
  •  Published: 10 May 2012

Abstract

 

This study was conducted at the Laboratory of Food Crops and Floriculture, Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia to characterize the potential lignocellulolytic bacteria for rapid bio-bioconversion of rice straw. Fifty isolates of bacteria were isolated from several in-situ and in-vitro sources. Isolates B3, B13, B21, B37 and B46 showed the highest enzymatic activities to starch, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and Azure B amended media. They were further screened on rice straw powder (RSP) amended media for their adaptability on rice straw (RST). The isolate B37 obtained from thermophilic phase of in vitro composting of rice straw and showing the optimum lignocellulolytic activity and adaptation to RSP amended media was identified as Bacillus pumilis.

 

Key words: Rice straw, lignocellulose, microbial degradation, Bacillus pumilis.