African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12278

Full Length Research Paper

Student teachers’ knowledge of and attitudes toward chemical hormone usage in biotechnology

Mustafa Özden1, Muhammet Uşak2, Pavol Prokop3, Aziz Türkoğlu4* and Mehmet Bahar5
  1Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Adıyaman University, Adıyaman, Turkey. 2Department of Elementary Education, Faculty of Education, Dumlupınar Universitesi, Kutahya, Turkey. 3Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, Trnava University, Priemyselná, Trnava, Slovakia. 4Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Science, Nevsehir University, Nevsehir, Turkey. 5Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 02 July 2008
  •  Published: 05 November 2008



Application of modern technologies may be problematic especially if they possesshealth risks to humans and/or when humans are not aware about these technologies. In this study we investigated non-major student teachers’ attitudes to and knowledge of the chemical hormone usage, a controversial topic in the field of modern biotechnology. Although students’ knowledge was considered to be limited (8 of 14 items were correctly responded by more than half of participants), we failed to find any differences in mean scores with respect to age or gender. In contrast, females showed less favourable attitudes toward chemical hormones than males. These gender differences were found in topics that represented relatively higher risk to human health which supports the “gender paradox hypothesis” which proposes that females have more tentative attitudes towards new products than males because they buy food for children.  


Key words: Attitudes, chemical hormone usage, biotechnology.