African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12487

Article in Press

Quantitative Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Potential of Adansonia digitata leaves and stem extract

Chhavi Goel1 and Rajiv Dutta1, 2*

  •  Received: 01 October 2022
  •  Accepted: 03 March 2023
The objective of this study was to examine the phytochemical properties of the baobab tree (Adansonia digitata) stems and leaves. The dried powder of leaves and stem extract were analyzed for the presence or absence of different phytochemicals, flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, etc. The quantitative analysis revealed that the leaves and stem of A. digitata are rich in total phenols, alkaloids, terpenoids, flavonoids, and saponins. The presence of these compounds was known to show medicinal potential as well as antioxidant activity and this justifies the use of baobab leaves as one of the major sources of soup in Africa. Chlorophyll estimation was also studied by two different methods in fresh leaves and dried leaves. Fresh leaves have high chlorophyll content of 2.0 mg/g then shade and sun-dried leaves 1.664 mg/g and 1.047 mg/g, respectively. With DMSO high chlorophyll content than the Arnon method in fresh leaves 2.240 mg/g and in shade and sun-dried leaves 1.695 mg/g and 1.526 mg/g, respectively. This represents that high chlorophyll and phytochemicals present in plants show high antioxidant properties. Subsequently, antioxidant activity at different concentrations (62.5, 125, 250, 500, 750 µg/ml) of the extract was established using FRAP assay and DPPH action radical scavenging activity methods, respectively. Ethanolic extract shows higher antioxidant activity than hydroethanolic extract.

Keywords: phytochemicals, FRAP, DPPH, Antioxidant, Chlorophyll, Arnon, DMSOs.