African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12196

Full Length Research Paper

Genetic structure and diversity of East African taro [Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott]

Mercy Wairimu Macharia*
  • Mercy Wairimu Macharia*
  • Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya; Biosciences East and Central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute, Hub, P.O. Box 30709-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Steven Maina Runo
  • Steven Maina Runo
  • Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Alice Njeri Muchugi
  • Alice Njeri Muchugi
  • Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Valerie Palapala
  • Valerie Palapala
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 190-50100, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 15 July 2013
  •  Accepted: 08 May 2014
  •  Published: 16 July 2014

References

Andrus A, Kuimelis R (2001). Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) of nucleic acids. Curr Protoc Nucleic Acid Chem.10: 4.
Pubmed
 
Cheng-lai W, Sheng-fu L, Bing-xue D, Qian-qian Z, Chun-qing Z (2010). Determination of the number of SSR alleles necessary for the analysis of genetic relationships between maize inbred lines. Agric. Sci. in China. 9(12):1713-1725.
Crossref
 
Cho JJ, Yamakawa RA, Hol J (2007). Hawaiian kalo, past and future. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).
 
Elameen A, Siri F, Arild L, Odd A, Rognli LS, Susan M, et al. (2008). Analysis of genetic diversity in a sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) germplasm collection from Tanzania as revealed by AFLP. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 50 (55):397-408.
Crossref
 
Excofferier L, Smouse P, Quattro M. (2005). Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: applications to human mitochondria DNA restriction data. Genetics 131:479-491.
 
Fajardo DD, La Bonte DR, Jarret RL. (2002). Identifying and selecting genetic diversity in Papua New Guinea sweet Ipomea batatas (L.)Lam.Germplasm collected as botanical seed. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 49:463-470.
Crossref
 
FAOSTAT (2000). FAO statistical database: agricultural production of primary crops.
 

FAO (2008). Climate change adaptation and mitigation: challenges and opportunities for food security. Information document prepared for the High-level Conference on World Food Security: the Challenges of Climate Change and Bioenergy, Rome, 3-5 June 2008.

View

 
Gichuki ST, Berenyi M, Zhang D P, Hermann M, Schmidt J, Glossl J, et al. (2003). Genetic diversity in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) in relationship to geographic sources as assessed with RAPD markers. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 50:429-437.
Crossref
 
Harper JL (1977). Population biology of plants. Academic Press, London.
 
Karuri HW, Ateka EM, Amata R, Nyende AB, Muigai AWT, Mwasame E, et al. (2009). Evaluating diversity among Kenyan sweet potato genotypes using morphological and SSR markers. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 12:33-38
 
Kreike CM, Van Eck HJ, Lebot V (2004). Genetic diversity of taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:761-768.
Crossref
 
Kuruvilla KM, Singh A (1981). Karyotypic and electrophoretic studies on taro and its origins. Euphytic. 30:405-412.
Crossref
 
Mace ES, Godwin ID. (2002). Development and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite markers in taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. Genome 45:823-832.
Crossref
 
Mace ES, Mathur PN, Izquierdo L, Hunter D, Taylor MB, Singh D, et al. (2006). Rationalization of taro germplasm collections in the pacific island region using simple sequence (SS) markers. Plant Genet. Resour. 4:210-220.
Crossref
 
Nei M, Li WH. (1979). Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases. Proc. National Academic Science USA. 76(5269-5273).
Crossref
 
Pariyo A, Baguma YK, Kawuki RS, Omongo CA, Alicai T, Edema R, et al. (2009). Genetic diversity of cassava landraces in the great lakes region of Africa assessed using SSR markers. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Cali, CO. 1.
 
Peakall R, Smouse P. (2001). GENALEX 5: Genetic Analysis in Excel. Population Genetic Software for Teaching and Research. The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
 
Plucknett DL (1976). Edible aroids: Alocasia, Colocasia, Cyrtosperma, Xanthosoma. In: Simmonds NW (ed.). Evol. Crop Plants, London: Longman. 10-12.
 
Pujol B, Gigot G, Laurent G, Pinheiro-Kluppel M, Elias M, McKey HM, McKey D (2005). Germination ecology of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Euphorbiaceae) in traditional agroecosystems: Seed and seedling biology of a vegetatively propagated domesticated plant. Econ Bot. 56:366-379.
Crossref
 
Sharma K, Mishra AK, Misra, RS (2008). Identification and characterization of differentially expressed genes in the resistance reaction in taro infected with P. colocasiae. Molecular Biology Reporter, 93.
 
Singh D, Mace ES, Godwin ID, Mathur PN, Okpul T, Taylor, M, et al. (2007). Assessment and rationalization of genetic diversity of Papua New Guinea taro (Colocasia esculenta) using SSR DNA fingerprinting. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 55(6):811-822.
Crossref
 
TaroGen (2000). Taro Genetic Resources: Conservation and Utilisation Project.Annual Report 1999/2000. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Noumea, New Caledonia. Tumuhimbise R, Talwana HL, Osiru, DSO., Serem AK, Ndabikunze, B. K., Nandi, J. O. M., et al. (2009). Growth and development of wetland-grown taro under different plant populations and seed bed types in Uganda. Afr. Crop Sci. J. 17:49-60.
 
Tumwegamire, S., Rubaihayo, P. R., LaBonte, D. R., Diaz, F., Kapinga, R., Mwanga, R. O. M. (2011). Genetic diversity in white- and orange-fleshed sweetpotato farmer varieties from East Africa evaluated by simple sequence repeat markers. Crop Science, 51(3), 1132-1142.
Crossref
 
Yeh FC, Yang R. (1999). Microsoft window based freeware for population genetic analysis (POPGENE version 1.31). University of Alberta (Canada).