African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12484

Table of Content: 23 March, 2016; 15(12)

March 2016

In vitro screening of selected essential oils from medicinal plants acclimated to Benin for their effects on methane production from rumen microbial fermentation

Enteric methane production lowers the efficiency of feed utilization in ruminants and contributes to greenhouse gas emissions which are responsible for global climate change. This study examined the effects of nine essential oils (EO) from Citrus aurantifolia, Cymbopogon citratus, Eucalyptus citriodora, Laurus nobilis, Lippia multiflora, Mentha piperita, Ocimum basilicum, Ocimum gratissimum and Zingiber officinalis on...

Author(s): Jacques B. Kouazounde, Long Jin, Tim A. McAllister and Joachim D. Gbenou

March 2016

Nutritional composition of bioproducts generated from semi-solid fermentation of pineapple peel by edible mushrooms

Mushroom production is a very efficient alternative to agro-industrial residues recycling. The proximal composition, content of macro and micro minerals, amino acid and proteolytic activity were assessed in the pineapple peel and in the bioproducts generated from pineapple peel and mycelium of Pleurotus albidus, Lentinus citrinus and Pleurotus florida. The bioproducts were obtained by semi-solid fermentation and drying...

Author(s): Raiane Áila Teixeira Souza, Tamiris Rio Branco da Fonseca, Larissa de Souza Kirsch, Larissa Svetlana Cavalcante Silva, Mircella Marialva Alecrim, Raimundo Felipe da Cruz Filho and Maria Francisca Simas Teixeira

March 2016

Histopathological changes in female rabbits administered with aqueous extract of Calotropis procera

Calotropis procera is an evergreen perennial shrub, which is found mainly in the arid regions and produces copious latex when cut. It has been reported to possess medicinal properties but equally pose deleterious effect in animals. In a bid to exploit its pharmacological properties, it was necessary to ascertain its level of safety. A toxicological evaluation of the aqueous extract of fresh leaves of the plant was...

Author(s): Jato, D. M., Jacob, K. A., Zainab, A., Okewole, P., Atiku, A., Shamaki, D., Umar, M. B. and Chudy, N.

March 2016

Effect of osmotic stress on in vitro propagation of Musa sp. (Malbhog variety)

In vitro propagation of banana preferably use sword sucker as explant source where microbial contamination poses a great problem in establishment of aseptic cultures. This study demonstrates up to 36% reduced microbial contamination in aseptic culture establishment and subsequent micropropagation due to osmotic stress induction in the banana suckers. Osmotic stress was induced by keeping the freshly collected suckers in...

Author(s): Swapan Kumar Sinha and Alak Chandra Deka

March 2016

In vitro regenerative potentials of the medicinal plant Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the most suitable concentration of growth regulators for callus induction and subsequent organogenesis in Abutilon indium (L.) Sweet (Malvaceae) leaf, stem and seed explants. Since the plant has a lot of medicinal importance, it was subjected to culture in vitro. Kinetin for seeds, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), benzyl amino purine (BAP), naphthalene acetic acid...

Author(s): Sudarshana Mysore Shankarsingh, Nissar Ahmad Reshi and Girish Hodiyala Vasanaika