Impact of processing technique on the apparent bioavailability of cooking banana (matooke) starch
The aim of the study was to compare the apparent bioavailability of starch in raw, cooked and extruded matooke flours using weanling mice. Two control and three test groups consisting of seven mice each (initial body weight of 21.32 ± 1.05 g) were fed diets incorporating soluble unavailable starch (Control I), soluble starch (Control II) and raw, cooked and extruded matooke flours as carbohydrate...
N-nitrosodimethylamine induced changes in the activities of carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes in the liver of male mice: role of glutathione and gossypol as antioxidants
The importance of nutrition in protecting living organisms from the toxic effects of environmental carcinogens has attracted the attention of many researchers. In order to exert their toxic and/or carcinogenic effects, most carcinogens need to be activated primarily by phase I drug-metabolizing enzymes including; cytochrome P450, cytochrome b5, arylhydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH), N-nitroso-dimethylamine...
Biochemical assessment of the effects of crude oil contaminated catfish (Clarias gariepinus) on the hepatocytes and performance of rat
Biochemical investigations were carried out to assess the effect of consumption of crude oil contaminated catfish on the hepatocytes and performance of rat. Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) (n = 120) were grouped into 6 of 20 catfish each and held for 30 h in 5 different mixtures of crude oil polluted water (0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1% v/v). Catfish in the...