African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1038

Full Length Research Paper

Physicochemical Assessment of a Hand-dug Well and the Kamakubuna Stream in the Sella Limba Chiefdom, Kamakwie, Northern, Sierra Leone

Augustine Cole
  • Augustine Cole
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, School of Technology, Njala University, Sierra Leone.
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Mohamed Pujeh Junior
  • Mohamed Pujeh Junior
  • Department of Chemistry, School of Environmental Sciences, Njala University, Sierra Leone.
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Yahaya Kudush Kawa
  • Yahaya Kudush Kawa
  • Department of Chemistry, School of Environmental Sciences, Njala University, Sierra Leone.
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Jonathan Kpaka
  • Jonathan Kpaka
  • Department of Chemistry, School of Environmental Sciences, Njala University, Sierra Leone.
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  •  Received: 14 April 2021
  •  Accepted: 06 July 2021
  •  Published: 31 August 2021

Abstract

This research accesses the physical and chemical parameters of Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security (MAFFS) hand dug well and the Kamakubuna Stream in the Sella Limba Chiefdom, Kamakwie Town. The physical parameters such as total dissolved solid (TDS), turbidity, pH, temperature, conductivity; and the chemical parameters such as residual chlorine, ammonium, ammonia, bromine, copper, fluoride, iron, nitrite, potassium, phosphate, sulphate, nitrogen-nitrate and bicarbonate. The samples were collected from the MAFFS hand dug well and the Kamakubuna stream, and transported to the water quality laboratory within thirty minutes. A physicochemical analysis was done on the water samples. The results analysed shown that the parameters were within the WHO accepted guidelines, except for low pH values and high mean value in turbidity for the MAFFS hand dug well.

 

Key words: Hand dug well, WHO, parameters, samples and stream.