African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007

AJEST Articles in press

Article in Press

Status and implementing strategies of Municipal Solid Waste Management in the Millennium City of Cuttack (Odisha, India)

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) has become an issue of the contemporary times especially a concern in the urban environments of developing countries. Modernization and changing life style is contributing to this issue at large. Various aspects of MSW management in the Millennium City i.e. Cuttack, one of the commercial hubs of Orissa were assessed in order to formulate strategies so that effective management can be done. The...

Author(s):Subhani Rath

Article in Press

Assessment of Physico-chemical Parameters in Ferozpur stream of Kashmir Himalayas: Towards understanding the present status

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the physico-chemical parameters and their dynamics in the Ferozpur stream of Kashmir valley. The investigation revealed that the dynamics of physico-chemical parameters depends on both autochthonous and allochthonous inputs and interactions taking place in the stream. This study was aimed to analyze the stream at various locations based on the physico-chemical parameters as most...

Author(s):JAHANGIR AHMAD DAR

Article in Press

ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TERTIARY HEALTHCARE FACILITIES MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIAN: A Case Study of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Teaching Hospital, Bauchi

This research paper evaluated the level of effectiveness of facilities management in the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital (ATBUTH) in Bauchi town; the existing scope, strategy, practices & roles, challenges with regard to the effectiveness of their management of facilities, engineering and maintenance services. The state of facilities management in ATBUTH.is presented in the result of this...

Author(s):MALTHO KALTHO

Article in Press

A chemical speciation study of selected heavy metals in aquatic bottom sediment samples from Mpenge stream, Musanze District, Rwanda

Mpenge stream is regarded as one of the most important domestic water resource in Musanze District; Rwanda. The chemical speciation study of selected heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Co, Cr, Ni, Pb, and Cd) in sediment samples collected from that stream was carried out by means of an analytical procedure involving sequential chemical extraction method and to determine the heavy metals content in different fractions of sediment. The...

Author(s):Sibomana Jean Bosco, Habinshuti Janvier, Muhizi Théoneste, Safari Jean Claude, Mukarunyana Brigitte

Article in Press

Use of Integrated Pollution Indices in Assessing Heavy Metals Pollution in Soils of Three Mechanic Villages in Abuja

This research work is targeted at use of integrated pollution indices models of Pollution Index (PI), Average of Pollution Index (PIAvg), Pollution Load Index (PLI) and Nemerow Pollution Index (NIPINemerow) in assessing heavy metals pollution in soils of three auto mechanic villages of Abuja. Soil samples were randomly collected with a stainless hand auger to a depth range of 0 – 15 cm and were analyzed with atomic...

Author(s):Nwoko Christopher Ikpe Enenebeaku Conrad Kenechukwu and Ekeocha Christopher Ikechukwu

Article in Press

Performance enhancement of Nalgonda technique and pilot testing electrolytic defluoridation system for fluoride removal from drinking water in East Africa

High fluoride concentrations in groundwater pose a health risk to people living in the Rift valley of Ethiopia and beyond. The Nalgonda and electrolytic defluoridation (EDF) fluoride treatment systems were developed and adapted in India for fluoride removal. A recent study evaluated twenty Nalgonda techniques that were implemented in the Rift valley of Ethiopia. A number of these systems were found to be non-functional or...

Author(s):Teshome L. Yami, Jim F. Chamberlain, Feleke Z. Beshah, and David A. Sabatini

Article in Press

ASSESSMENT OF POLLUTANT LOAD GENERATED BY LEAD-ACID BATTERY DUMP SITE IN A RURAL AREA OF OYO STATE, NIGERIA.

This work is aimed at enlightening the public on the level of contamination of our waters and other aquatic environment. A large number of manufacturing companies prefer to locate their plants in the rural environment where no one queries the treatment of their effluents. This attitude is becoming a common practice which has to be regulated. In this research, Lalupon, a rural setting in Ibadan, Nigeria is no longer a safe...

Author(s):ELIAS EMEKA ELEMIKE

Article in Press

Bacteriological quality of drinking water sources in rural communities of open defecation free Villages of sire District, South East Ethiopia

Introduction: A high proportion of waterborne disease outbreaks that are most often originating from pathogens, which found in drinking water sources due to fecal contamination. Both developed and developing countries may face the pollution problems of water sources, invariably though they are the most prevalent issues in the third world nations. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the bacteriological...

Author(s):Tesfaye Legesse ,Tadesse Getahun ,Sintayehu Bedada, Shimelis Adugna

Article in Press

THE ROLE OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEER IN PREVENTING AND REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS

Environmental Engineer is concerned with the protection and prevention of the environment and develops the solution to environmental problem. Environmental engineer ensures work place hazards and environmental health and safety related policies and procedure are communicated to employer and employees, ensures the availability of medical surveillance programme in assisting employer and employees in the course of potentially...

Author(s):OTTI. V.I,NWAFOR A.U & DanNWAFOR, K

Article in Press

Waves-waves collide induced by different wind directions caused high exchanged in the water level at the open area Shallow Lake, China

Wind from different directions induce waves - waves to collid at the central zone of Taihu Lake. It caused exchange in water bodies and release of internal nutrients which increased algal bloom. The aim of this study perceived the impact of the interactions between waves-waves collision from different directions and different sources such as traveling ships and explored factors causing sediment resuspension. The results...

Author(s):Qhtan Asmaa , Yiping Li, , Jin Wei Gebdang Biangbalbe Ruben

Article in Press

Noise Levels at Traffic Intersections and Exposure Analysis in Chandrapur City, Central India

Noise level monitoring was carried out at nine traffic intersections of Chandrapur city during January 2017. A pre-calibrated mini sound level meter was used for noise measurement. Observations were recorded for 24 hours and noise level during day (Ld), night (Ln) and for 24 hours (Ldn) was computed. Maximum noise level during daytime (Ld) was recorded as 84.27 dB(A) at Bangali camp square; whereas, minimum 79.23 dB(A) at...

Author(s):Akash C. Gedam, Priyanka V. Patil and R. K. Kamble

Article in Press

Assessment of physico-chemical and bacteriological quality of drinking water at the source, storage, point of-use, dry and wet season in Damot Sore Woreda, Southern regional state, Ethiopia

Source to in-house and seasonal contamination of drinking-water quality is a persistent problem in developing countries. This study was conducted in Damot Sore Woreda, Southern Ethiopia to examine physico-chemical and bacteriological quality of drinking water. In this study, four Kebele administrations were selected by purposive sampling technique. Location map and water quality sampling point were prepared using Arc GIS...

Author(s):Meseret Bekele (MSc) and Mihret Dananto (PhD)

Article in Press

Evaluation of Air Pollution Tolerance Index of four selected medicinal plants around oil-producing Community of Omoku, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Air pollution causes harm to plants and other living organisms or damage to the environment. Plants play a key role in the control of air pollution; hence they may be adversely affected especially in their phytochemical constituents which are the bedrock for their therapeutic uses as alternative medicines. In this study, four biochemical parameters (relative water content, total chlorophyll content, pH, and ascorbic acid...

Author(s):Anosike Chibueze

Article in Press

Investigation of Heavy Metals in Water and Potential Tributaries of Gilgel Gibe I Hydroelectric Dam;Pioneer Dam of SW ethiopia

In this study, some heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, and Co) were analysed in the pioneer hydroelectric dam of South West Ethiopian’s of Gilgel Gibe I and its potential tributaries. Five water samples from the dam and four water samples from potential tributaries were collected by systematic random sampling and purposive sampling method respectively. The water Samples and blanks were digested prior to analysis. FAAS were used...

Author(s):Fuad Abduro, Abera Gure (PhD) and Kassim Kedir

Article in Press

ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GROUNDWATER AMONG DIFFERENT FARM SIZES IN AINABKOI SUB-COUNTY, UASIN GISHU COUNTY, KENYA

Access to quality drinking water is of major concern for sustainable development in developing countries with regard to physico-chemical properties. Groundwater from shallow wells is the main source of domestic water supply for the community of Ainabkoi Sub-county of Uasin Gishu County in Kenya. Seasonal agricultural production activities expose the water to possible pollution. In this regard the study aimed to assess the...

Author(s):Lydia Mbula Kitonga

Article in Press

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FOREST RESOURCE CONSERVATION: THE CASE OF AMEYA WOREDA, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

The objective of this study was to assess existing participation of Ameya Woreda community in forest resource conservation (2013). Opinion survey, semi-structured interview, personal observation, and focus group discussion were employed to obtain primary and secondary data. 184 samples respondents were contacted in the case obtaining primary data. The data collected from primary sources were analyzed using descriptive...

Author(s):Tezera Teshale Alemu

Article in Press

Effects of Changes in Use of Indigenous Knowledge Systems on Land Cover in Teso Busia County, Kenya

This paper introduces indigenous land knowledge conservation systems as a significant resource which would contribute to the increased efficiency and effectiveness in the management of land and land based resources among rural communities. Despite their critical role in the conservation of the land based resources, these knowledge systems and technologies are being marginalized or even forgotten among rural communities....

Author(s):Ayaa Dominics Dan

Article in Press

Phytoplankton Species Diversity and Biomass and its impact on the Sustainable Management of Lake Bosomtwe in the Ashanti Region of Ghana

Lake Bosomtwe is a closed, stratified, natural freshwater body located in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Recent complaints from residents along the Lake shore of foul smells emanating from the Lake and occasional fish deaths led to a study of the phytoplankton regime of the Lake. The Lake was divided into four segments: North, South, East and West. Sampling was conducted during the rainy and dry seasons. Samples were...

Author(s):ADDICO, Gloria ; AMU-MENSAH, Frederick K. ; AKRONG Mark O. ; AMU-MENSAH, Marian A. ; DARKO, Humphrey ,

Article in Press

Microbial succession in a laboratory-scale bioremediation of oily sludge

This study sought to identify microbial succession during a laboratory scale-bioremediation of oily sludge. During the 12 week bioremediation study, samples were obtained, diluted and treated to a cocktail of spread-plating on nutrient, potatoes dextrose and Bushnell Haas agar were employed for heterotrophic, fungal and hydrocarbon utilizing bacterial and fungal count. Tentatively, biochemical, morphologic and microscopic...

Author(s):Ibiene, A.A., Akada, N.A, and Effiong, E.C

Article in Press

A HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT OF POTABLE WATER SUPPLY FRAMEWORK OF UNIVERSITY OF PORT HARCOURT

The study determined the physicochemical and microbiological properties of the water supply sources at the University of Port Harcourt; as well as employed a triangulated descriptive cross-sectional retrospective survey, to identify the factors that guide consumers’ selection and consumption of drinking-water, and equally assessed their perception of drinking-water quality and its impact on public health. The pH of all the...

Author(s):TOCHUKWU JOSIAH NNAEMEKA OKONKWO

Article in Press

MANAGING ANTHROPOGENIC WASTES IN THE COASTAL WATERS IN NIGERIA, AS A MEANS OF GENERATING EMPLOYMENT

Human health and environmental quality are undergoing continuous degradation by the increasing amount of wastes being produced. Although some environmental pollution is as a result of natural causes, most are caused by human activities (anthropogenic). Waste generation is closely linked to population, urbanization and affluence. The Coastal zones constitute some of the world’s most productive areas. The offshore sectors...

Author(s):Aladetohun Nike. Funmilayo

Article in Press

IMPACT OF ARTISANAL MINERAL MINING ON SOME HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOILS OF ENYIGBA MINING AREA IN ABAKALIKI, SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA

The study was conducted at Enyigba mining area in Abakaliki, Southeastern Nigeria, to evaluate the effect of artisanal mineral mining activities on heavy metals (lead, zinc and cadmium) concentrations and Chemical Properties of soils of Enyigba mining area. Auger Soil Samples (0-20cm) were collected at the four compass directions from zero to 100m and 2500m away from the mine site at 10m intervals. At each sampling...

Author(s):NWOGHA, J. S., OSODOKE, V. E., CHUKWU, L. I., and ANO A. O.

Article in Press

Effects of the Bujagali Hydropower project on major physico-chemical characteristics of Upper Victoria Nile water, Uganda

The Bujagali hydropower project is a 250 megawatt facility that was set up to alleviate power shortages in Uganda. The project was perceived to have negative effects on major physico chemical characteristics of the upper Victoria Nile water. Key water physico chemical parameters monitored biannually in April and September from 2006 to 2015 at the upstream and downstream transects and in the reservoir were dissolved oxygen,...

Author(s):Wanda Fred Masifwa, Amondito Brenda, Moureen Matuha, Henry Ocaya and Godfrey Magezi

Article in Press

Importance of Stakeholder’s Collaboration on Environmental Health in Niger Delta using CSR as a framework

During the past five decades the Nigerian Government generated vast resource from oil revenues from various oil related operations. However, the Niger Delta region of Nigeria has experienced various form of unrest due to the devastation caused by oil drilling in the region ranging through oil spillage, water contamination air pollution and various ecological dilapidations. This study examines and tests sstakeholders...

Author(s):Oduguwa Ade Gorryola

Article in Press

DETERMINING DOSE-RATES OF DRILL CUTTING MUD WASTES IN AFIESERE FIELD, NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA USING HIGH PURITY GERMANIUM DETECTOR

During drilling operation, operators face challenges related to processing large volumes of produced drill cutting wastes which contain hazardous materials and can be detrimental to the environment when not treated properly prior to disposal. Radio-nuclides, a constituent of drill cutting wastes which could cause adverse effects on the environment at concentration above the acceptable limit have not been thoroughly...

Author(s):Falode, O.A and Ladapo, A.E.

Article in Press

ASSESSMENT OF GROUND WATER QUALITY: A CASE OF HAWELLA TULLA, HAWASSA

The quality of ground water depends on various chemical constituents and their concentrations, with the booming of the Hawassa city; the existing situation of the water quality status and the corresponding anthropogenic impacts on the ground water aquifer is questionable. So, the aim of this study was to assess the present status of the groundwater quality on the basis of seasonal variation in Hawella Tulla sub-city,...

Author(s):Getachew Meka, Lalisa Gemechu

Article in Press

Establishing criteria to select reference sites for ecological and water quality assessment in Ethiopian highland streams

The concept of a reference condition is increasingly used to describe benchmarks against which current condition is compared. This study defines criteria that represent reference sites for assessing highland streams in four major river basins of Ethiopia. Twenty a priori criteria were chosen as representative for Ethiopian highlands and they reflect some aspects of naturalness and address wide range of human disturbances....

Author(s):Aschalew Lakewa and Otto Moog

Article in Press

ESTIMATING THE WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR IMPROVED MUNICIPAL SOLIDWASTE MANAGEMENT IN NAIROBI, KENYA

The rapid accumulation of municipal solid waste in many developing countries has been linked to urbanization, population growth and low budgetary allocation for urban solid waste management. This study aims at determining the households’ willingness to pay for improved solid waste management to reduce air pollution in Nairobi, Kenya. In order to undertake the study, the sample of 114 households around the Dandora dumpsite...

Author(s):Department of Environmental Sciences, Kenyatta University, Kenya

Article in Press

The Study of Economical Reuse of Treated Sewage from Sequencing Batch Reactors based on Cyclic Activated Sludge Technology

Treated Sewage may be considered as new water resource in the developing, developed and water scarcity countries. The objective of paper is not only to find out potential of reuse but also it should be economical reuse. This study was initially focused on the current applications and reuse standards which are suggested by Centre for Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organization (CPHEEO) and Central Pollution...

Author(s):Civil Engineering Department, (SPCE), Mumbai - , India

Article in Press

Evaluation of Metallic Trace Elements (MTE) in the sediments of Ouémé delta in Benin

The Metallic Trace Elements (MTE) pollution of aquatic ecosystems and their intrusion and inclusion into the food chain exposes public health to enormous risks. This study assesses the risks associated with the pollution of surface sediments from Ouémé delta with Pb. Cu and Cd. In these sediments stratifications, the physicochemical characteristics of the sediments were evaluated. Total metal contents are determined by the...

Author(s):Department of Earth Sciences. University of Abomey-Calavi. P.O. Box . Cotonou. Bénin

Article in Press

Study of physico-chemical characteristics of ground water of west zone, Central India

The present study is aimed at assessing the ground water quality of West Zone Central India and its residential area.The physicochemical parameter of water samples collected from various places in and around West Zone Central India. The physicochemical parameters like, temperature, pH, total hardness, total dissolved solid, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, nitrate, sulphate, phosphate,...

Author(s):Faculty of Science & Environment, MGCGV Chitrakoot, Satna MP

Article in Press

Climate Change Mitigation Efforts in Ghana

There is a strong correlation between energy, environment and sustainable development. Ideally, a society seeking sustainable development must utilize only energy resources which have little or no environmental impact. Technological changes such as energy savings on the demand side, efficiency improvements in energy production and consumption, and replacement of fossil fuels by renewable energy are the typical strategies...

Author(s):Department of Natural and Built Environment Sheffield Hallam University, UK

Article in Press

Evaluation of sustainable use of underground water in peri-urban centers’ of Eldoret Municipality in Kenya

The Kenyan national water quality standard recommends that water should be safe for human consumption. If not protected, ground water can easily be contaminated with many pollutants including biological pathogenic microorganisms. Waterborne diseases can be effectively controlled through proper sanitary procedures that result in use of good quality water through proper sanitary procedures. The main purpose of the study was...

Author(s):Department of Biological Sciences; Moi University

Article in Press

Resistance to Chromium, Copper and Zinc among Fungi Isolated from Sites Contaminated With Textile Effluent in Kano State, Nigeria

Research work was carried out to assess the capacity of strains of fungi isolated from raw textile and partially treated effluent, discharge point, up and down Stream of Challawa River to resist and grow in the presence of Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn) invitro. Fungi belonging to the genera Aspergillus, Penicillium, Chrysosporium, Microsporum , Trichoderma and Rhizopus species were isolated from the study sites...

Author(s):Microbiology Department, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

Article in Press

Distribution and Seasonal Variations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sediment of Ala river in Akure Metropolis, Nigeria

This study was carried out to investigate seasonal variations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in sediments of Ala River, South-west, Nigeria. The total amount of PAHs (∑PAHs) concentration ranged from 4.6 μgg-1to 10.1 μgg-1 dry weights during wet season and from 3.8- 10.3μg.g-1dry weights during the dry season. The total concentrations of PAHs were higher in most of the sites during wet season 80 % and 20 %...

Author(s):Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B., Akure, Nigeria.

Article in Press

Periodic Report on the Vea Dam’s Water Quality for Artisanal Fishery, Irrigation Agriculture and Domestic Purposes in Bongo District of Upper East Region in Ghana

The physico-chemical quality of 180 water samples from the Vea Dam in Bongo District of the Upper East Region were analyzed using standard field and laboratory techniques at the Water Research Institute, Tamale in Northern Region of Ghana. The mean ranges of the respective parameters were much closer within the same rows. Its maximum values were : total dissolved solids (85.23 ± 13.162mg/l), conductivity (141.667 ±...

Author(s):Tiimub Benjamin Makimilua, Anarigede Francis Atampika& Tiimob Richard Wonsibe

Article in Press

GROUNDWATER QUALITY AND SANITARY RISKS ASSESSMENT OF SHALLOW WELLS IN THREE WATERSHEDS OF UPPER ATHI RIVER BASIN, KENYA

This research assessed the sanitary conditions, risk factors and an identification the factors and sources that contribute to pollution of 17 shallow wells located in the Upper Athi River Basin, in Kaimbu County, Kenya using the sanitary assessment inspection methodology prescribed by the World Health Organization. Data obtained from the study was presented and explained using descriptive statistics. One (1) of the shallow...

Author(s):Ebenezer Ashun and George Lartey – Young

Article in Press

Assessment of trace metal distribution and contamination in poultry farm surface soil of Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria

In this study, the seasonal variations in concentration levels of selected heavy metals (As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Pb and Zn) in soils within the vicinity of the three major poultry farms in Osun State, South-Western Nigeria were investigated during two major seasons of Nigeria to ascertain the possible environmental impact of these agricultural farmland. Results of the atomic absorption spectrophotometric (AAS) analysis of samples...

Author(s):Taiwo Olusegun Ogunwale, John Adekunle O. Oyekunle, Aderemi Olufemi Ogunfowokan, Abimbola Bankole Akinyele and Olalekan Ayo Akindolani

Article in Press

EVALUATION OF DISPERSED WATER FROM NIGERIA’S CRUDE OIL BLEND AND ITS EFFECTS ON CRUDE OIL PROPERTIES AND PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

Dispersed water from crude oil obtained from ten different producing wells in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria were analyzed based on American Standard for Testing and Materials to determine the effects of the physicochemical properties on crude characteristics and the production equipment. Results shows: pH (7.51-8.60), salinity (11174.00 - 21469.00 mg/l), conductivity (12698.00 - 24396.00 µS/cm), sulphate (3.00 - 23.00...

Author(s):Chikwe T. N. and Onojake, M. C.

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