African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1025

Full Length Research Paper

Seasonal impact on phyto-accumulation potentials of selected edible vegetables grown in Ishiagu quarry mining effluent discharge soils

Osuocha K. U
  • Osuocha K. U
  • Department of Biochemistry, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.
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Akubugwo E. I
  • Akubugwo E. I
  • Department of Biochemistry, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.
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Chinyere G. C
  • Chinyere G. C
  • Department of Biochemistry, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.
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Ugbogu A. E
  • Ugbogu A. E
  • Department of Biochemistry, Abia State University Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 28 August 2015
  •  Accepted: 18 September 2015
  •  Published: 31 January 2016

Abstract

Seasonal impact on soil trace metals and phytoaccumulation potentials of Cucurbita pepo, Cucumis sativus and Taliferia occidentalis grown in Ishiagu quarry mining effluent discharge soils were investigated. Soil samples were collected 200 m (sample C), 100 m (sample B) away from discharge point (sample A) in wet and dry seasons. Trace metals were analysed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results reveal a significant decrease in levels of trace metals distance away from discharge points in the order A>B>C. Findings from the study show significant increase in level of soil trace metals in dry season compared to wet season. Phyto-accumulation potentials of the vegetables showed significant increase in level of trace metals in roots and shoots in dry season compared to wet season. Level of these metals were significantly higher compared to control. This is indicative of the potential risk associated with consumption of vegetables grown in these sites especially in dry seasons. The rural dwellers should be discouraged from planting edible vegetables around Ishiagu quarry mining effluent discharge soils in order to reduce excessive build-up of these metals in the human food chain.

 

Key words: Phyto-accumulation, trace metals, quarry mining, discharge soils, seasonal impact.