African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 999

Review

Marine biotoxins and its detection

Shelar Piyusha Suresh
  • Shelar Piyusha Suresh
  • Department of Fisheries Environment, Fisheries College and Research Institute, Tuticorin, Tamil nadu- 628 008, India.
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S. Gauri
  • S. Gauri
  • Department of Aquaculture, College of Fisheries, Ratnagiri-415612, Maharashtra, India.
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S. Desai
  • S. Desai
  • Department of Fisheries Engineering, College of Fisheries, Ratnagiri-415612, Maharashtra, India.
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M. Kavitha
  • M. Kavitha
  • Department of Fisheries Environment, Fisheries College and Research Institute, Tuticorin, Tamil nadu- 628 008, India.
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P. Padmavathy
  • P. Padmavathy
  • Department of Fisheries Environment, Fisheries College and Research Institute, Tuticorin, Tamil nadu- 628 008, India.
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  •  Received: 26 March 2012
  •  Accepted: 20 May 2014
  •  Published: 30 June 2014

Abstract

The incidences of intoxication due to the consumption of marine foods have been increasing in recent years. This is due to the presence of biotoxins in foods of marine origin. The biotoxins will be accumulated in the marine foods due to the consumption of toxic biota of marine origin. When this contaminated food is taken by the humans or animals, those toxins will be transferred to them causing intoxication and lethality. Among these intoxications, most of them are caused by the harmful algal blooms (HAB). In order to avoid the harmful effects from marine biotoxins, it is necessary to have the proper knowledge. In this manuscript, the different types of biotoxins, source of intoxication, characteristics of toxins, detection and control measures are discussed in detail.

Key words: Harmful algal blooms, harmful algal blooms (HAB), ciguatara fish poisoning (CFP), paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) blooming, detection.