African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1037

Full Length Research Paper

Effective solid waste management: A solution to the menace of marine litter in coastal communities of Lagos State, Nigeria

Nubi Afolasade T.
  • Nubi Afolasade T.
  • Department of Works and Physical Planning, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Nubi Olubunmi A.
  • Nubi Olubunmi A.
  • igerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Laura Franco-Garcia
  • Laura Franco-Garcia
  • Centre for Studies in Technology and Sustainable Development, University of Twente, Netherlands.
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Oyediran, Laoye O.
  • Oyediran, Laoye O.
  • Environmental Laboratories Limited, Lagos, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 27 September 2018
  •  Accepted: 29 November 2018
  •  Published: 31 March 2019


Effective management of solid wastes is a goal that is yet to be achieved in many countries, even developed ones. In attempt to carry out a study on effective waste management system as a solution to the menace marine litters posed on coastal communities, three coastal areas in Lagos State Nigeria which are known for fishing, recreation, housing, and other various coastal activities were selected. Three groups of research questions were formulated based on the problem perception and impacts, actors and level of governance, and strategy and instrument; and each question was examined, and specific strategy was developed for necessary data gathering. This study was based on the observational findings and interviews conducted for various actors; and conclusion and recommendations were based on the evaluation of the research questions. While a clear cut of marine littering resulting from ineffective solid waste management was the case at Makoko and Ebute-metta, the dividend of relatively effective solid waste management system with multi-actor approach was seen clearly at Victoria Island bar beach, as this location was found to be relatively clean, thus reducing the chances of litters escaping into the marine system. Generally, the major impacts identified are aesthetics impairment, health issues, and economic downscale. Based on the studied sites, the framework for requisite actions to address the problem of marine littering in an effective and sustainable manner is documented herein.


Key words: Solid waste, waste management, marine litter, Makoko, Ebute-metta, Victoria Island, multi-actor approach, pollution, coastal community.