African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 937

Full Length Research Paper

Rural households’ access to water resources under climate impacts based on field evidence in Tigray Region, Ethiopia

G. Honor Fagan
  • G. Honor Fagan
  • National Institute for Regional and Spatial Analysis (NIRSA), Maynooth University, Maynooth W23 F2H6, Ireland.
  • Google Scholar
Daniel Etongo
  • Daniel Etongo
  • National Institute for Regional and Spatial Analysis (NIRSA), Maynooth University, Maynooth W23 F2H6, Ireland.
  • Google Scholar
Zenawi Zerihun
  • Zenawi Zerihun
  • Department of Psychology, University of Mekelle, Mekelle P. O. Box 231, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Kelemewerk Tafere
  • Kelemewerk Tafere
  • Department of Sociology, University of Mekelle, Mekelle P. O. Box 231, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 12 March 2019
  •  Accepted: 18 April 2019
  •  Published: 30 June 2019

References

Abatneh Y, Sahu O, Yimer S (2014). Purification of drinking water by low cost method in Ethiopia. Applied Water Science 4:357-62.
Crossref

 

Adam YO, Pretzsch J, Darr D (2015). Land use conflicts in Central Sudan: Perceptions and local coping mechanisms. Land Use Policy 42:1-6.
Crossref

 
 

Ahmad MD (2002). Estimation of net groundwater use in irrigated river basin using geo-information techniques: A case study in Rechna Doab, Pakistan. PhD Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

 
 

Alemayehu F, Taha N, Nyssen J, Girma A, Zenebe A, Behailu M, Deckers S, Poesen J (2009). The impacts of watershed management on land use and land cover dynamics in Eastern Tigray (Ethiopia). Resources, Conservation and Recycling 53:192-198.
Crossref

 
 

Berhane G (2018). Benefits and challenges of Dugout Rainwater Harvesting Pond in Tigray Region, Ethiopia. In: Leal, F.W.; de Trincheria, G.J. (eds.), "Rainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas," Springer, Cham, Switzerland 259-280.
Crossref

 
 

Berhane G, Gebreyohannes T, Martens K, Walraevens K (2016). Overview of micro-dam reservoirs (MDR) in Tigray (northern Ethiopia): Challenges and benefits. Journal of African Earth Sciences 123(2):210-222.
Crossref

 
 

Beyth M (1972). Paleozoic-Mesozoic Sedimentary basin of Mekele outlier. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 56:2426-2439.
Crossref

 
 

Calow R, Ludi E, McKenzie A, Seifu K (2015). Climate and environmental risk screening for rural water supply in Ethiopia: A guidance note for programme staff. Available online at 

View Retrieved on 11 June 2018.

 
 

Calow R, Ludi E, Tucker J (2013). Achieving water security: lessons from research in water supply, sanitation and hygiene in Ethiopia. Rugby, UK: Practical Action Publishing Ltd.
Crossref

 
 

Daniel E (2011). Vulnerability assessment of surface water supply systems due to climate change and other impacts in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Department of Earth Sciences, Aquatic Climatology: Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Available online at 

View. Retrieved on 20 May 2018.

 
 

Deressa T, Hassan RM, Ringler C (2011). Perception of and adaptation to climate change by farmers in the Nile basin of Ethiopia. The Journal of Agricultural Science 149:23-31.
Crossref

 
 

Edossa L (2008). The impacts of rural water supply and management system on livelihood of user communities: A case of Babile Woreda, East Harerge Zone. M.A. Thesis, College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 
 

Etongo D, Fagan GH, Kabonesa C, Asaba RB (2018). Community-Managed Water Supply Systems in Rural Uganda: The Role of Participation and Capacity Development. Water 10(9):1271.
Crossref

 
 

Fagan GH, Etongo D, Zerihun Z, Tafere K, Chiwaula L, Mulwafu W, Morse T, Luwe K, Asaba R, Kabonesa C, Wessels B (2018). A Socio-Spatial Survey of Water Issues in Ethiopia, Malawi, Uganda and South Africa. Draft Report, Work Package 5 - Social Science Team, WaterSPOUTT Project.

 
 

Fagan GH, Etongo D, Zerihun Z, Tafere K, Chiwaula L, Mulwafu W, Morse T, Ziba S, Asaba R, Kabonesa C, Wessels B (2017). Water Governance in the Era of the Sustainable Development Goals: The Case of Ethiopia, Malawi, Uganda and South Africa. Draft Report, Work Package 5 - Social Science Team, WaterSPOUTT Project.

 
 

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) (2007). Climate change adaptation programme of action (NAPA). Ethiopia Ministry of Water Resources and National Meteorological Agency, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 
 

Gebrehiwot T, Van der Veen A (2013). Climate change vulnerability in Ethiopia: disaggregation of Tigray Region. Journal of Eastern African Studies 7(4):607-629. 
Crossref

 
 

Gebremedhin T (2004). Assessing and mapping areas susceptible to water erosion using integrated remote sensing GIS tools and minimal ground survey in the Atsibi sub-Watershed. A case study in Tigray region, Ethiopia," International Institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation; Enschede, The Netherlands.

 
 

Haregeweyn N, Poesen J, Nyssen J, De Wit J, Haile M, Govers G, Deckers S (2006). Reservoirs in Tigray (Northern Ethiopia): Characteristics and sediment deposition problems. Land Degradation and Development 17:211-230.
Crossref

 
 

Hunter PR, MacDonald AM, Carter RC (2010). Water Supply and Health. PLOS Medicine 7:1-10. 
Crossref

 
 

International Fund for Agricultural Development IFAD (2012). Water and Food Security, Rome, Italy. Available online at 

View. Retrieved on 25 May 2018.

 
 

Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water - 2015 Update. Geneva: WHO/UNICEF JMP for Water Supply and Sanitation. Available online at View. Retrieved on 22 November 2018.

 
 

Maplecroft (2015). Climate change vulnerability index 2015. Maplecroft's Climate Change and Environmental Risk Atlas (CCERA), Maplecroft, United Kingdom.

 
 

Mekonnen M, Keesstra SD, Baartman JE, Ritsema CJ, Melesse AM (2015a). Evaluating sediment storage dams: structural off-site sediment trapping measures in Northwest Ethiopia. Cuadernos de Investigacion Geografica 41(1): 7-22.
Crossref

 
 

Mekonnen M, Keesstra SD, Stroosnijder L, Baartman JEM, Maroulis J (2015b). Soil Conservation through sediment trapping: a review. Land Degradation and Development 26:544-556.
Crossref

 
 

Mekuria W, Veldkamp E, Haile M, Nyssen J, Muys B, Gebrehiwot K (2007). Effectiveness of exclosures to restore degraded soils as a result of overgrazing in Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Arid Environment 69:270-284.
Crossref

 
 

Nkem JN, Munang R, Jallow B (2011). Decentralizing solutions for Rural Water Supply Under Climate Impacts in sub-Saharan Africa. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development 53(2):14-17.
Crossref

 
 

Nyssen J, Moeyersons J, Poesen J, Haile M, Deckers J (2002). The environmental significance of the remobilization of ancient mass movements in the Atbara-Tekeze headwaters, Northern Ethiopia. Geomorphology 49:303-322.
Crossref

 
 

Solomon H, Kitamura Y (2006). Traditional irrigation management in Betmera-Hiwane, Ethiopia: the main peculiarities for the persistence of irrigation practices. Journal of Mountain Science 3:139-146.
Crossref

 
 

Tadesse L, Suryabhagavan KV, Sridhar G, Legesse G (2017). Land use and land cover changes and soil erosion in Yezat Watershed, North Western Ethiopia. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 5:85-94.
Crossref

 
 

United Nations (2015a). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Seventieth session of the United Nations General Assembly. Available online at: View  Retrieved on 11 July 2018.

 
 

United Nations (2015b). The Millennium Development Goals Report: Time for Global Action for People and Planet. Available online at 

View. Retrieved on 1 May 2018.

 
 

United Nations (2017). Progress too slow on global goals for sustainable development. Available online at 

View. Retrieved on 11 July 2018.

 
 

United Nations (2018). Sustainable Development Goal 6 Synthesis Report on Water and Sanitation. Available online at 

View. Retrieved on 22 July 2018.

 
 

Vanham D, Hoekstra AY, Wada Y, Bouraoui F, de Roo A, Mekonnen MM, van de Bund WJ, Batelaan O, Pavelic P, Bastiaanssen WGM, Kummu M, Rockström J, Liu J, Bisselink B, Ronco P, Pistocchi A, Bidoglio G (2018). Physical water scarcity metrics for monitoring progress towards SDG target 6.4: An evaluation of indicator 6.4.2 Level of water stress. Science of the Total Environment (613-614):218-232.
Crossref

 
 

Virgo KJ, Munro RN (1978). Soil and erosion features of the central plateau of Tigray, Ethiopia. Geoderma 20:131-157.
Crossref

 
 

WHO and UNICEF. Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: 2017 Update and SDG Baseline. Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). Available online at View. Retrieved on 1 November 2018.

 
 

World Water Development Report - UNESCO. Managing Water Under Uncertainty and Risk. Report Number 4, Paris, 2012. Available online at 

View. Retrieved on 15 December 2018.