African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 837

Full Length Research Paper

Nutritional qualities and trace metals concentration of six fish species from Oba reservoir, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

Fawole, O. O., Yekeen, T. A.*, Adewoye, S. O., Ogundiran, M. A., Ajayi, O. E. and Nwaiya, M. N.
Department of Pure and Applied Biology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, P.M. B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 18 June 2013
  •  Published: 31 August 2013

Abstract

 

The nutritional qualities and concentration of trace metals (Pb, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Cd) in six fishes (Hemichromis fasciatus, Siluranodon auritus, Sarotherodon galileaus, Tilapia zilli,Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus, and Hepsetus odoe) obtained from Oba reservoir in Ogbomoso, Nigeria were evaluated. The value ranges of 55.95 to 68.80, 16.91 to 26.18, 5.46 to 18.18, 0.51 to 9.05, 7.67 to 10.14 and 0.97 to 1.41% were obtained for moisture, protein, fat, carbohydrate, ash and fibre contents, respectively. Highest protein and fat contents were obtained from H. odoe. The trace metals in fishes were found at various concentrations (P≤0.05). High levels of essential metals; Fe, Cu and Zn, were found in the fishes. The concentrations of Pb and Cd were also high in the fishes, but not detected in the water sample from the reservoir. A positive correlation was observed between fat and fibre (P≤0.01) as well as Zn and Pb (P≤0.05) while fat and iron were negatively correlated. The results show that the fishes evaluated are rich in essential nutrients. However, prior exposure of the fishes to pollutants was not unlikely as shown by Pb and Cd levels. There is the need to initiate further study to identify sources of these pollutants and their effects on biota from Oba reservoir.

 

Key words: Fish, nutrient, environment, pollutant, reservoir.