African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 924

Full Length Research Paper

Nutritional study of new variety of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) JL-24 seeds

Satish Ingale* and S. K. Shrivastava
Department of Applied Chemistry, Government Engineering College, Jabalpur- 482011 (M. P.), India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 June 2011
  •  Published: 31 August 2011

Abstract

 

Proximate composition, anti-nutritional and nutritional value of seeds of new variety of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L) JL-24 was determined. The result showed that the groundnut seed contain moisture (5.529%), crude fibre (1.149%), lipid (46.224%), crude protein (25.20%), carbohydrate (21.26%), ash (2.577%), calcium (0.087%), phosphorus (0.29%) and energy (601.856%). The total fatty acid composition was 10.44 and 33.51% for saturated and unsaturated fatty acid, respectively. The protein solubility at different pH ranging from 0.5 to 13.5, the maximum seeds proteins were extracted at pH 12. The serine has not been reported in the seed protein and the seed was found to contain highest amount of proline (6.412%). The anti-nutritional analysis shows that cyanide content 4.818 HCN/100g, tannin 0.412 g/100g, oxalate 0.180 g/100g and haemagglutinin activity for goat blood group is 1:8 and no haemagglutinin activity for chicken and human blood group, and no trypsin inhibition was found. The nutritive values were determined in terms of feed utilization 6.552%, nitrogen utilization 0.2957%, protein efficiency ratio (PER) (+) 1.368% and feed efficiency ratio (FPR) (+) 0.345%. The knowledge of this study could be utilized for various food preparation and selection for breeding purpose.

 

Key word: Arachis hypogaea JL-24, chemical composition, nutritional and anti-nutritional composition.