Effect of consuming Clarias gariepinus cultivated in water contaminated with (10 μg/ml) respectively of phthalate, benzene and cyclohexane on the liver of rats was done. Serum concentrations of bilirubin, globulin and albumin were determined. Standard enzyme assays were conducted for selected liver enzymes followed by histological examination of liver section. Serum albumin and globulin concentrations were found to be significantly lower in rats fed with contaminated C. gariepinus than control (p < 0.05). Generally, activity of enzymes in the liver of experimental rats was found to be significantly lower than that of control (p < 0.05). Particularly, activities of alkaline phosphatase, acid phosphatase, alanine and aspartate transaminases in the liver of rats fed with C. gariepinus cultivated in phthalate contaminated water were found to be (9.1±1.7, 113.8±6, 13.4±0.9, 20.4 ± 0.9) nmol/min/mg protein respectively while those of control were (16.8 ± 2.2, 177.9 ± 5, 16.4 ± 1.3, 23.7±1.2) nmol/min/mg protein. Serum concentrations of direct and total bilirubin of rats fed with C. gariepinus cultivated in benzene contaminated water were found to be (3.52 ± 0.05, 9.24 ± 0.50) mg/dl respectively while those of control were found to be (1.06±0.02, 4.93 ± 0.20) mg/dl respectively.Histological examination of section revealed distorted cellular arrangement in the liver section of rats fed with contaminated fish relative to control. Experimental evidences from this study suggest hepatotoxicity which may predispose to tissue failure. Increasing cases of liver problem in Nigeria may not be unconnected, inta alia, with consumption of fish from contaminated water.
Key words: Enzymes, bilirubin, phthalate, hepatotoxicity.
Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0