In Ethiopia, a number of studies on food insecurity could be found although they did not explicitly consider ethno-cultural variables while they are very important determinants. The aim of this article was therefore to show the disparity between the Gumuz, Non-gumuz, and the Mixed ethno-cultures in their food insecurity status in Bullen district. Data were collected from 150 sample households and analyzed in an ethno-culture context. The household food balance model was employed to determine their food insecurity status. The results indicated that there were significant differences between ethno-cultures in their food insecurity status. The proportion of food insecure households of Gumuz, Non-gumuz and Mixed ethno-cultures were 62.5, 79 and 48.9%, respectively. Such a disparity existed due to difference in their cultural experiences and traditional values that affect their livelihoods and saving practices, which is also the case throughout Benishangul-gumuz Regional State. Therefore, the study recommends the ethno-cultural approach as appropriate tool for better understanding and addressing the food insecurity challenges in the study area as well as elsewhere.
Key words: Food insecurity, ethno-culture, Bullen, Benishangul-gumuz, Ethiopia.
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