African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 775

Full Length Research Paper

Antioxidants activity of the cyanobacterium, Arthrospira (Spirulina) fusiformis cultivated in a low-cost medium

Angelina Michael
  • Angelina Michael
  • Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, University of Dodoma, P. O. Box 338, Dodoma-Tanzania.
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Margareth S. Kyewalyanga
  • Margareth S. Kyewalyanga
  • Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam, P. O. Box 668, Zanzibar-Tanzania.
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Matern S. Mtolera
  • Matern S. Mtolera
  • Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam, P. O. Box 668, Zanzibar-Tanzania.
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Charles V. Lugomela
  • Charles V. Lugomela
  • Department of Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Technology, University of Dar es Salaam, P. O. Box 35064, Dar es Salaam-Tanzania.
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  •  Received: 16 January 2018
  •  Accepted: 05 June 2018
  •  Published: 31 August 2018

Abstract

Spirulina species are known to have a good nutritional profile and antioxidant properties against reactive oxygen species. However, little is known about the antioxidant contents and the scavenging ability of Arthrospira fusiformis, cultivated under various conditions. This study aimed at evaluating the content of antioxidants (total phenols, total flavonoids, β-carotene, and lycopene) and the activity of A. fusiformis produced using low-cost culture (LCMA) and standard culture (Zarrouk) media. The results revealed that A. fusiformis is rich in antioxidants and it possesses high scavenging and chelating activities. Interestingly, the LCMA was superior over the Zarrouk medium as it resulted in spirulina with a higher amount of antioxidants and lower EC50 values. In this context, production of natural antioxidants can be maximized through the use of cost-saving, inorganic culture medium.

Key words: Arthrospira fusiformis, spirulina, total phenols, total flavonoids, carotenoids, scavenging activity, low-cost culture (LCMA) medium, Zarrouk medium.