Background: Appropriate complementary feeding practice is essential in the first two years of life for satisfactory growth and development of children and for prevention of childhood illness. Insufficient quantities, frequency and inadequate quality of complementary foods have a detrimental effect on health and growth in this critical period. The aim of this study was to assess minimum dietary diversity and meal frequency practice and determinants among infant and young children age between 6 and 23 months in Shoa, Oromia region, Ethiopia.
Method: Institution-based cross-sectional study was conceded out to choice 200 mothers/caregivers with 6â€“23 months of kids exist in Sheno health center from July 25 to August 25, 2017. Data were entered to Epi-Data version 3.02 and exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis. Binary and multivariable logistic regression was used to see predictors of minimum acceptable diet.
Results: The study showed that proportion of 6â€“23 months of children who met the recommended level of minimum dietary diversity and meal frequencies were 45 and 33%, correspondingly. Proportion of children whom received composite indictor minimum acceptable diet was only 13.3%. Mothers/caregivers who had postnatal care visit, having good knowledge about child feeding practice, getting media exposure and who had growth monitoring follow up were positively associated with minimum acceptable diet.
Conclusion: While this study exhibited slight improvement when paralleled to the countrywide frequency of complementary feeding practices, in this study child feeding practice were insufficient and not attaining national recommendations. Consolidating existing approaches and design new plan to increase maternal and child health services and giving behavioral change communication on child feeding practice using local media are required activities for the local administrator and policymakers.
Keywords: 6â€“23 months of children, minimum acceptable diet, oromia region, Ethiopia