African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 924

Article in Press

Trait Associations in Prostrate and Semi-Leaf Less Type Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Gene Pools

Kedir Yimam

  •  Received: 31 July 2019
  •  Accepted: 08 October 2019
The field experiment was conducted in 2019 main cropping season at two locations using simple lattice design to evaluate 49 field pea genotypes including nine released varieties for generating information on genotypic and phenotypic association among yield contributing traits and with grain yield, and to study their path analysis on grain yield. Positive and significant genotypic correlation observed between grain yield with plant height (rg=0.67), seeds per pod (rg = 0.45), days to maturity (rg =0.41) and pods per plant (rg=0.33) for combined analysis. The association among most of traits demonstrated higher genotypic correlations than corresponding phenotypic correlations that; indicated that the prevalence of genetic variation in expression of the traits. Genotypic path analysis also indicated that plant height (0.746) exerted the maximum positive direct effect on grain yield followed by stand count at harvest (0.443), 1000 seed weight (0.372), seeds per pod (0.214), pods per plant (0.213), and days to maturity (0.013). Therefore; selection for traits such as plant height, pods per plant, seeds per pod and days to maturity could improve grain yield in field pea.

Keywords: Genotypic, phenotypic, correlation, direct effect, indirect effect, path analysis