African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 197

Article in Press

The Religious Motivation in Raise and Collapse of El-Mahdiyya Government from 1880-1898, and its effect on the modern SudanThe Sudanese Religious Conflicts 4

Samuel Jock Bany Mading

  •  Received: 03 March 2021
  •  Accepted: 16 December 2021
The objective of this article is to narrate and discus evolution of an Islamic movement was established in 1880 by a religious leader calls Mohamed Ahmed who claimed spiritual inspiration. The Theocrat government came to an end in 1898 by cooperation of the Anglo-Egyptian troops. The article evaluates the basic elements motivated the religious men in their movement till they managed to defeat the powerful condominium government of the Turko-Egyptian which occupied Sudan in 1821, and became technically supported by the European Nations. The discussion includes internal weaknesses in the movement which led into its collapse within a period of 18 years. Initially the collapse resulted perish of the majority of the movement leaders being kill by foreign invaders of the Anglo-Egyptian condominium, which later on replaced and ruled the country for 58 years. The article also analysis impact of the El-Mahdiyya movement positively or negatively upon the modern Sudanese governments during the last 65 years after independent in January1956.

Keywords: Anglo-Egyptian, El-Khalifa, El-Madi, Government, Khartoum, Religion, Sudan and War.