African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 187

Full Length Research Paper

Recalling the history of Sultan Mohammed Hanfare “Illalta”: Was he a democratic Sultan of Aussa in Afar, Ethiopia?

Berihun Kassa Hailu
  • Berihun Kassa Hailu
  • Department of History and Heritage Management, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Samara University, P. O. Box 132, Samara, Ethiopia.
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Jemal Abebe Jemere
  • Jemal Abebe Jemere
  • Department of History and Heritage Management, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Samara University, P. O. Box 132, Samara, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 30 March 2017
  •  Accepted: 07 October 2017
  •  Published: 31 October 2017

References

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Ali H (2008). Vulnerability to Drought Risk and Famine: Local responses and External Intervention among the Afar of Ethiopia." PhD Dissertation, University of Bayrouth: Dep. Soc. Geo. P 130.

 
 

Al-Shami Gamal ad-Din ibn Ibrahim ibn Halil/al-Shami (2000). Ye Afar Denakil Tarik Arki Minch [The source of the history and the narratives of the Afar], Cairo. pp. 35-158.

 
 

Aramis HS (2009). The Biography of Sultan Mahammad Hanfaré Aydahis known as Illalta (1861-1898) or the Afar Refusal to Accept the Old and Modern Colonialisms in the Horn of Africa.

 
 

Ayele G (1986). Economic adaptation and competition for scarce resources: The Afar in North Eastern Ethiopia. M.A thesis, University of Bregen, P 56.

 
 

Bahiru Z (2002). The History of Modern Ethiopia: 1855-1991. London: James Currey. P 9.

 
 

Cossins N (1983). Production Strategies and Pastoral man", in Proceedings of the workshop on Pastoral Systems Research in sub-Saharan Africa. ILCA, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa.

 
 

Getachew K (2001). Among the Pastoral Afar in Ethiopia: Tradition, Continuity and Socio Economic Change. International Books in association with OSSREA.

 
 

Kassim S (1982). The Influence of Islam on Afar." PhD. Dissertation. Washington DC University: Washington DC, 1982, P 11; In, Mäsfin Woldämariam, The Horn of Africa: Conflict and Poverty, Addis Abäba: Commercial Printing Press (1999), P 15.

 
 

Lewis IM (1955). Peoples of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho. International African Institute, London.

 
 

Lewis LM (1994). The People of the Horn of Africa: Somali, Afar and Saho", in North Eastern Africa- Ethnographic Survey of Africa, Part-I. New Edition. London: Haan Associates.

 
 

Trimingham SJ (1952). Islam in Ethiopia. Geoferey Cumberlege Oxford University Press London, New York, Toronto.

 
 

Trimingham SJ (1976). Islam in Ethiopia. London: Oxford University Press. Third Impression.

 
 

Voelkner HE (1974). The Social Feasibility of Settling Semi-Nomadic Afar on Irrigated Agriculture in the Awash Valley, Ethiopia". UNDP/FAO/ETH 721/006. No.23, Rome.