African Journal of
History and Culture

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Hist. Cult.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6672
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 165

Full Length Research Paper

Revisiting history of Gafat: Was emperor Tewodros’s military reform an attempt at “translative adaptation” of western technology?

Fantahun Ayele
  • Fantahun Ayele
  • Department of History, Faculty of Social Science, Bahir Dar University, P. O. Box 79, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 23 August 2016
  •  Accepted: 21 September 2016
  •  Published: 31 October 2016

How to cite this article

APA /
Ayele, F. (2016). Revisiting history of Gafat: Was emperor Tewodros’s military reform an attempt at “translative adaptation” of western technology?. African Journal of History and Culture, 8(4), 25-29.
Chicago /
Fantahun Ayele. "Revisiting history of Gafat: Was emperor Tewodros’s military reform an attempt at “translative adaptation” of western technology?." African Journal of History and Culture 8, no. 4 (2016): 25-29.
MLA /
Fantahun Ayele. "Revisiting history of Gafat: Was emperor Tewodros’s military reform an attempt at “translative adaptation” of western technology?." African Journal of History and Culture 8.4 (2016): 25-29.