African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Table of Content: 18 January, 2011; 5(2)

January 2011

Effect of roasting, boiling and microwaving cooking method on sulfadiazine + trimethoprim residues in edible tissues of broiler by microbial inhibition method

  The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of different cooking processes like boiling, roasting and microwaving on sulfadiazine + trimethoprim residues in edible tissues of broiler chickens. Each of chicks was fed by water and food with 0.05% of sulfadiazine + trimethoprim in their drinking water for consecutive 5 days. After the 5th day of the drug administration, they were killed and breast...

Author(s): A. Javadi, H. Mirzaie and S. A. Khatibi

January 2011

Actinopolyspora egyptensis sp. nov., a new halophilic actinomycete

  A halophilic actinomycete, designated HT371T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from the shore of the salty Lake Qaroun, Egypt, and was the subject of a polyphasic study. Analysis of 16S rRNA indicated that the isolate belonged to the genus Actinopolyspora and constituted a separate clade in the Actinopolyspora 16S rRNA gene tree with similarity values of 96.5 and 96.2%...

Author(s): Wael N. Hozzein, and Michael Goodfellow

January 2011

Bacillus mucilaginosus can capture atmospheric CO2 by carbonic anhydrase

  The study mainly demonstrated whether Bacillus mucilaginosus can use atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) through the bacteria excreted carbonic anhydrase (CA) capturing atmospheric CO2. It had been proved that CA could reversibly catalyze hydration of CO2. When the bacteria was cultured in the medium containing limestone, Ca2+ concentration and CA activities simultaneously increased with the...

Author(s): Zhicai Zhang, Bin Lian, Weiguo Hou, Mingxia Chen, Xin Li and Yan Li

January 2011

Beneficial effect of eight trigrams boxing exercise on cardiac function and blood indexes of old practitioners

  The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the eight trigrams boxing on cardiac function and blood indexes of old practitioners. Subjects, aged 50 years or over, were recruited from a local community. Forty-six participants joined the eight trigrams boxing exercise class five to seven times a week for 1 to 2 h each day for 5 months. Cardiac and blood indexes were measured at the end of each...

Author(s): Jiang Juan, Cui Yong-sheng and Niu Ai-jun

January 2011

The contribution of host cells to dengue virus infectivity

  Dengue virus infections remain a significant worldwide public health problem, causing millions of new infections each year. Transmitted by mosquitoes of the Aedes genus, the virus is capable of replicating in a number of different cells of both mosquito and human origin, but the molecular mechanism of infection remains largely unknown. This study sought to determine if the host cell in which a virus...

Author(s): Woraphol Rattanachuen, Lukkana Suksanpaisan, Nitwara Wikan and Duncan R. Smith

December 2011

Antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli strains isolated from water springs in Al-Ahsa Region

  In Saudi Arabia, water resources are largely limited to groundwater, which is used both for drinking and agriculture. There is no surface water except for a few oases and no permanent streams. The contamination of this source possibly through wastewater, agriculture activities and wild birds as well as amphibians and reptiles that have access to wells and springs. Twenty six strains of Escherichia coli,...

Author(s): Abdullah M. Alzahrani and Youssuf A. Gherbawy,

January 2011

Isolation and identification of endophytic bacterium W4 against tomato Botrytis cinerea and antagonistic activity stability

  Of the 72 endophytic bacteria isolated from healthy tomato stems and leaves from field-grown plants, the strain W4 gave strongly inhibitory effect on Botrytis cinerea Pers, with the inhibition rate 78% in dual culture assay and 100% using fermentation filtrate diluted 20 times. Based on morphological, physiological and biochemical properties, 16S rDNA gene sequences and Biolog system analysis, the...

Author(s): Cong-Jun Yang, Xin-Gang Zhang, Guan-Ying Shi, Hao-Yu Zhao, Long Chen, Ke Tao, and Tai-Ping Hou,

January 2011

Effect of microbial fertilizer on microbial activity and microbial community diversity in the rhizosphere of wheat growing on the Loess Plateau

  In this study, the effects of microbial fertilizer on microbial activity and microbial community diversity in the rhizosphere of wheat were investigated in the field conditions. Dehydrogenase activity was measured, bacterial and fungal communities were characterized by BIOLOG analysis. Soil suspensions were applied to BIOLOG ECO and FF plates and average well-color development (AWCD) and richness were...

Author(s): Chen Shengnan, Gu Jie, Gao Hua and Qin Qingjun

January 2011

Effect of salinity on free living - diazotroph and total bacterial populations of two saline soils

  Salinization of soil is a serious problem and is increasing steadily in many parts of the world. Recently, soil biotechnology application can improve the potential of saline soils land use in agriculture. The aim of this research was determining the salinity effect on free-living diazotroph and total bacterial populations in two saline soils. Soil samples with salinity of 35 and 70 dS/m selected. The...

Author(s): Azam Moradi, Arezoo Tahmourespour, Mehran Hoodaji and Farhad Khorsandi

January 2010

Determination of the prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica in human at a private fertilizer company hospital in Pakistan using microscopic technique

  Amoebiasis is still a big problem of human civilization at the beginning of 21st century, so every study from this field is valuable. The present study elaborated the prevalence ofEntamoeba histolytica in Pakistani human. During the study, 4712 fecal samples of human were studied by using microscope from October 2008 to January 2010 at a private fertilizer company hospital, Engro Fertilizers,...

Author(s): Munazza Ejaz, Ghulam Murtaza, Mahmood Ahmad, Shujaat Ali Khan, Qazi Najam-us-Saqib, Muhammad Hassham Hassan Bin Asad, Amir Wasim and Kalsoom Farzana , Izhar Hussain

January 2011

Detection of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa at a tertiary care hospital in Kashmir

  Metallo-beta-lactamases (MBL) producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains are responsible for several nosocomial outbreaks in tertiary care centers across the world. It is well known that poor outcome occurs when patients with serious infections due to MBL producing organisms are treated with antibiotics to which the organism is completely resistant. Therefore, detection of these MBL producing P....

Author(s):   Deeba Bashir, Manzoor Ahmad Thokar, Bashir Ahmad Fomda, Gulnaz Bashir, Danish Zahoor, Shabir Ahmad and Abubaker S. Toboli

January 2011

Some cellular immune components and C-reactive protein monitoring in female handball players during a competitive period

  The aim of the study was to determine the effect of the competitive period training on leukocytes, some leukocyte subgroups and C-reactive protein (CRP) in sportswomen playing in the professional handball league. The average age of the group was 20.6 ± 3.37 years, height average was 163 ± 6.30 cm, weight average was 58.73 ± 4.92 kg. Blood samples were taken before and after the training...

Author(s): Tarik Sevindi, Serkan Hazar, Serkan IbiÅŸ and Kadir Gökdemir

January 2011

Antibacterial activity of Moringa oleifera and Moringa stenopetala methanol and n-hexane seed extracts on bacteria implicated in water borne diseases

  The anti-bacterial activity of methanol and n-hexane extracts of Moringa oleifera andMoringa stenopetala seeds was conducted on 3 bacterial species (Salmonella typhii, Vibrio cholerae and Escherichia coli) which normally cause water borne diseases. The paper disc diffusion method was used with treatments arranged in a completely randomized design and replicated four times. The highest...

Author(s): Atieno Walter, Wagai Samuel, Arama Peter and Ogur Joseph

January 2011

A method for the determination of tannase activity based on gallic acid measurement by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)

  A new high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed based on an indirect determination of tannase activity through gallic acid measurement using paracetamol as an internal standard. The separation was performed on a C18 column using a mobile phase consisting of aqueous formic acid solution (1%) and methanol (85:15; v/v) pumped at 1 ml min-1. Samples (10 μl) were injected and...

Author(s): Nalan Yilmaz Sariözlü, ErdoÄŸan Çakir, Merih Kivanç and Muzaffer Tunçel