African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

In Vitro antibacterial activity of mixed Garcinia Buchananii B. and Curcuma Longa L. ethanolic extracts against Streptococcus Pneumoniae

Article in Press

S. pneumoniae is the main bacterial cause of community-acquired pneumonia. In children, 22% of the deaths are due to pneumonia as the single leading cause of death. The local people in Uganda use herbs like Curcuma longa Linnaeus and Garcinia buchananii Baker to manage Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). The ethanolic extracts of the C. longa rhizome and G. buchananii stem bark have individually demonstrated...

Author(s):Joan Keziah Atuhaire, Anzerea Joan Nabasumba, Edson Ireeta Munanura, Norbert G Anyama, Paul Rubayiza, Bruhan Kaggwa, Ndagire Margaret, Henry Kyeyune

Diagnostic value of 2 HIV rapid diagnostic tests 16 years after their adoption in national strategies in the Central African Republic (CAR)

Article in Press

Objective: The broad genetic diversity of HIV requires regular reassessment of adopted HIV diagnostic tests. The objective of this study was to reassess the performances of Determine® HIV 1/2 and Uni-gold® HIV1/2, 2 HIV rapid diagnostic tests of the national algorithm, since 2005 in Central African Republic. Methods: A reference prospective panel of 150 plasma samples were tested in duplicate with Determine® HIV 1/2 and...

Author(s):Christian Diamant Mossoro-Kpinde, Thierry Mbesse, Christielle Bobossi, Coretha Bokia-Baguida, Simplice Arthur Sombot, Nina Esther Ontsira Ngoyi, Hermione Dahlia Mossoro-Kpinde, Rosine Feissona, Gérard Gresenguet

Bacteriological quality and safety analysis of fresh fruit juices available in Bule Hora town, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Fruit juices are important components of a healthy diet, an extraordinary dietary source of nutrients, vitamins, and fiber for humans, and thus vital for health and well-being. However, contamination of fruit juices by bacteria is a major healthy safety concern in developing countries. This study assessed the bacteriological quality and safety analysis of fruit juice prepared and sold in Bule hora town, Ethiopia....

Author(s):Niguse Hotessa Halake

RAPD-Based Evaluation Revealed Genetically Diverse Populations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus Lytic bacteriophages isolated in Urban Sewage and Ebrie Lagoon, Côte d’Ivoire

Article in Press

The application of bacteriophages biocontrol requires the formulation of genetically distinct bacteriophages in a phage cocktail. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA PCR is considered a cheap, reproducible, and readily applicable tool in detecting phage diversity compared to other molecular techniques such as whole-genome sequencing. We used in this study the randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR technique to assess...

Author(s):Audrey A. Addablah, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Eric E. Akpa, Emmanuella Adioumani, Fred M’Bourou Ndombi, Serge Aoussi, Mireille Dosso

Microbial Genes associated with Methane Metabolism in Smallholder Dairy Cattle

Article in Press

Methane gas is known for its negative environmental impact. To reduce negative methane gas released from dairy cattle, genes responsible for its production should be known and identified. A study with an aim of identifying the microbial genes responsible for methane gas release was undertaken. Samples of cattle’s stool on-farms (Lushoto and Rungwe districts of Tanzania) and a station-based (Kanyariri of Kenya) smallholding...

Author(s): Ngetich K. Denis, Bett C. Rawlynce, Gachuiri K. Charles and Kibegwa M. Felix

Characterization of Bacterial Strains from Bacterial Culture Collection of Rice Sheath in Burundi Highlights an Alcaligenes sp. Strain with Antibacterial Activity Against Pseudomonas fuscovaginae Rice Pathogen

Article in Press

The sheath rot rice disease is known to be associated to Pseudomonas fuscovaginae and a recent study on the symptomatic of sheath rot revealed that this bacterial pathogen is abundant in highland rice ecology cultivation in Burundi. From asymptomatic samples of sheath rice, a collection of bacterial isolates and culturable microbiome have been carried out. A comparison between the culturable microbiome and total microbiome...

Author(s):Musonerimana Samson, Cristina Bez, Habarugira Georges, Bigirimana Joseph, Vittorio Venturi

OVERVIEW OF BOVINE BRUCELLOSIS AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

Ethiopia is a country with a large potential of livestock production with the greatest count made by cattle though overall production and income generation is below than optimum due to different reasons from which brucellosis comes at front. Therefore, the objective of this article is to review brucellosis and its importance in Ethiopia. The disease is an infectious type characterized by affecting ruminants and human...

Author(s):Mulugeta Sosango, Abrham Markos, Ayichew Teshale

ANTIBACTERIAL POTENTIAL OF SEAWEED MICROBIOME OF SOUTHEAST COAST OF INDIA

Article in Press

The major groups of seaweed such as Padina pavonica and Dictyota dichotoma in Brown algae, Halimeda macroloba and Chaetomorpha antenninain green algae and the Red algae Gracilaria parvispora were examined for the presence of beneficial compounds and activity in symbiotically associated bacteria. Totally 40 isolated colonies were obtained and 10 physically similar strains were randomly selected and evaluate their...

Author(s):SATHYANANTH. M, LEON STEPHAN RAJ T AND AROKIA RAJ S

Effect of Bacteriocins from Lactic Acid Bacteria obtained from Zea mays-based “Ogi” on Foodborne Bacteria from contaminated cabbage

Article in Press

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in Zea mays-based ogi on some foodborne bacteria contaminating cabbage in Abakaliki, Nigeria. Ten (10) samples (5 samples of Zea mays-based ogi and 5 samples of suspected contaminated cabbage heads) were aseptically collected and analyzed using standard microbiological methods. Five different Lactobacillus isolates (A, B,...

Author(s):Orji J.O., Amaobi C.B., Ayogu T.E., Moses I.B., Nwachi A.C., Elom E., Uzoh C.V., Otu J.O., Chukwunwejim C.R., Peter I.U., Ezekakpu O.P., Itorobong M.U

Detection of Legionella pneumophila as the Cause of Atypical Pneumonia in the Water Sources of the Holy Places of Makkah

Article in Press

Legionella pneumophila is an important pathogen and is involved in more than 95% of cases of severe atypical pneumonia. The current study focused on the ablution water in the grand mosque in Makkah as well as water tanks in hotels surrounding the holy mosque. A total of 100 water samples were collected from ablution water in the Haram and the hotels in the central area around the grand mosque and sent to the research...

Author(s):Sami S. Ashgar and Hamdi M. Al-Said

Aflatoxigenic potential of Aspergillus section Flavi isolated from maize seeds, in Burkina Faso

Article in Press

The frequency of occurrence and four principal kinds of aflatoxin concentration in maize seeds grown in Burkina Faso was investigated. Ten (10) samples collected, were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with post-column derivatisation after immunoaffinity column cleanup. Eight strains of Aspergillus section Flavi were previously isolated from these samples and cultivated on “Aspergillus flavus and...

Author(s):Hamidou COMPAORE, Serge SAMANDOULOUGOU, Fidèle W. TAPSOBA, Alima BAMBARA, Hissein RATONGUE, Ignace SAWADOGO, Donatien KABORE, Pane B. OUATTARA-SOURABIE, Hagrétou SAWADOGO-LINGANI

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antibiotic Resistant Gram Negative Bacteria isolated in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia

Article in Press

Antimicrobial surveillance and identifying the genetic basis of antimicrobial resistance provide important information to optimize patient care. The present study was analytical cross sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of MDR, XDR, PDR and extended-spectrum ?-lactamases genes among Gram-negative bacteria isolated in Saudi Arabia. A total number of 386 non-duplicate Gram-negative isolate were collected....

Author(s):Tarig M.S. Alnour; Elmutuz H. Elssaig; Faisel M. Abuduhier; Khalid A. S. Alfifi; Mohammad S. Abusuliman; Tawfiq Albalawi; Eltayib H. Ahmed-Abakur

Impact of mycorrhization on transplanting stress and the juvenile growth of an Ivorian forest species Guibourtia ehie, (Fabaceae, (A. Chev.) J. Leonard)

Article in Press

Ivorian forest has been experiencing degradation for several decades despite reforestation efforts. The main cause of the failure of reforestation policies is an important mortality at the time of planting (transplanting stress). To remedy this problem, mycorrhization technology based on the beneficial effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) could provide a sustainable solution. The objective of this study was to...

Author(s):Voko Bi Rosin Don-Rodrigue, Kouassi Kouassi Clément, Kouassi Kra Athanase, Konaté Ibrahim

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infectionsamong People Who Inject Drugs in Malindi Sub-County, Kenya

Article in Press

Infections with Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV1/2) are common among HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWIDs). There is scarcity of information on HIV/HTLV-1/2 co-infection among PWIDs.Co-infection is prevalent since the three viruses have comparable transmission pathways and T-lymphocyte tropism. Since HTLV-1 induces an increase in viral replication, HIV infection is worsened as the course to...

Author(s):Caroline ChepkorirKoech, Nancy L.M. Budambula, Eddy O. Odari and Raphael M. Lwembe

Prevalence and Serotypes diversity of Salmonella species in Nile perch (Lates niloticus) of the Lake Victoria, Tanzania

Article in Press

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence, serotypes, antimicrobial resistance and plasmids profiles of Salmonella spp. in Nile perch of Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli in water and fish samples were investigated using bacteriological methods. Antimicrobial resistance profiles of Salmonella spp. were determined using the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. A...

Author(s):Mohamed Hamed Sango Ally

Phylogenetic diversity of epibiotic bacteria co-existing with the Kenyan coastal marine cyanobacterium, Lyngbya majuscula (Moorea producens)

Article in Press

Lyngbya majuscula is a filamentous marine cyanobacterium that has been reported to be a source of a wide array of natural products. It has been shown to harbor a variety of epibiotic bacteria on its surface. However, the phylogeny of these epibiotic bacteria from the Kenyan Lyngbya majuscula is not well understood. This study aimed at characterizing epibiotic bacteria isolates co-existing with the Kenyan Coastal marine...

Author(s):Joseph M. Mwafaida, Constance D. Nyiro, David M. Mburu and Thomas M. Dzeha

Isolation and characterization of multi-drug resistance bacterial pathogens from diarrheagenic stool in hospitals in Lokoja, Kogi State

Article in Press

In Nigeria, diarrhea is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality among children under five years of age, due to unsafe water supplies, poor sanitation, and hygiene practices. It is also responsible for several hospital admissions in Lokoja, the Confluence city of Kogi State. The conventional antibiotics used for the treatment of these conditions have however been regularly misused and consequently, grossly...

Author(s):Daniel Edisha Garba, Uju M. Esther Dibua, Justus Amuche Nweze and Esther Claire Alechenu

Microbial quality of fermented milk in Ada`a District, Central Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted in Ada`a district, central Ethiopia to assess the microbial quality of fermented milks. A total of 70 fermented milk samples were collected and tested for microbial analysis from smallholder (40), Bishoftu town cafeteria (20) and modern dairy farms (10). The mean TBC ( Total Bacterial Counts) were 8.4±0.152, 9.2±0.083 and 8.9±0.146 log10 cfu ml-1 for fermented milk from the smallholder dairy,...

Author(s):Bushura Badaso Hama

Assessment of Antiplasmodial and Immunomodulatory Activities of Endophytic Fungal Metabolites from Azadirachta indica A. Juss

Article in Press

This study reported the antiplasmodial and immunomodulatory activities of extracts of endophytic fungi isolated from Azadirachta indica. The extracts were evaluated for potential in-vivo and in-vitro antiplasmodial activity using murine malaria models and microtechnique methods respectively. Immunomodulatory potentials of the extracts were assessed using cyclophosphamide-immunomyelosuppression in mice and hypersensitivity...

Author(s):Nonye T. Ujam, Thaddeus H. Gugu, Chibueze Ike, Earnest O. Erhirhie, Daniel L. Ajaghaku, Cyril C. Adonu, Restus Onwusoba, Festus B.C. Okoye, Charles O. Esimone

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Subtype Diversity in Busia, Western Kenya

Article in Press

HIV infection is currently the single biggest epidemic globally. HIV is the etiologic agent for AIDS. HIV is divided into two types: HIV type 1 (HIV-1) and HIV type 2 (HIV-2). HIV-2 is rare and is mainly found in some parts of West Africa, though an increasing number of cases have been recognized in Europe, India, and the United States of America in recent times. HIV-1 accounts for most cases of AIDS. The strains of...

Author(s):James Munyao Kingoo, Anne WT Muigai, Viviene Matiru, Samoel A. Khamadi

Antifungal and Antibacterial activity of the different parts of mature Benincasa hispida against various microbial infectious agents

Article in Press

In this study we assayed on antimicrobial activity of various parts of Benincasa hispida (peel, pulp, waxy coating) of mature and immature winter melon fruits. Various parts of the plant are reported as antibacterial agents worldwide. Leaves, flower, root, seed are the most studied elements as antibacterial agent. Some fruits are also proved antibacterial agent and used as herbal medicine as well as nutritional...

Author(s):Md. Khasrul Alam, Mohammad Abu Hena Mostofa Jamal, Morsed Ajam, Md. Rezuanul Islam

Resistance profile of Staphylococcus strains and detection of the Mec A, Van A and Van B genes in private hospitals in Benin

Article in Press

The present study aims to identify the emergence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, S. aureus resistant to vancomycin and to investigate the presence of Mec A, Van A and Van B genes among Staphylococcus strains isolated from hospital environment. For each type of sample, surface of beds, recyclable material, boxes of rodar, floor and door slats, 53 samples were taken. So, a total of 265 samples were collected...

Author(s):Prosper Adzavon, Tamegnon Victorien Dougnon, Hornel Koudokpon, Boris Legba, Alidehou Jerrold Agbankpe, Kafayath Fabiyi, Lamine Baba-Moussa

ISOLATION, BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND SAFETY SCREENING OF POTENTIAL PROBIOTIC LACTIC ACID BACTERIA FROM SPONTANOUSLY FERMENTED CEREAL PRODUCTS FROM WESTERN KENYA

Article in Press

The global demand for non-dairy beverages has sky rocketed especially so during this Covid-19 pandemic for potential health benefits. Development of probiotic strains from fermented cereal and legumes with the ability to grow well and adapt to gastrointestinal conditions at the same time possess high therapeutic ability will be a great achievement. This study aimed at isolating and screening probiotic potential Lactic Acid...

Author(s):Beatrice Aleyo Akweya, Joseph Mwafaida Mghalu, RahmaUdu M. Yusuf and Tochi Bitange

Prevalence of SEA and SEB Producing Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Foodborne- Outbreaks in Iran

Article in Press

Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen causing a wide variety of diseases such as skin infections, food poisoning, pneumonia and septicemia in humans and animals. Among the bacterial agents of food poisoning, S. aureus is the most common agent worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of SEA, SEB enterotoxin producing S. aureus isolated from foodborne outbreaks in Iran. Methods: In...

Author(s):Mehrnaz Mirzababaei, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, Hossein Masoumi Asl,Mahdieh Pourmoradian

Biosafety, bacteriological quality and strategy of biopreservative administration for controlling spoilage bacteria in Thai traditional dried seafood products

Article in Press

Biosafety has currently become an important public health issue in seafood industry of Thailand. In order to enhance quality of seafood products, three phases of study were established. In the first phase, biosafety of traditional processed squid sold in Chon Buri province, Thailand compiled from literatures between 2002 and 2019 was evaluated. The squid products represented a health hazard due to 86.5% samples having...

Author(s):Subuntith Nimrat, Pornpimon Soodsawaeng, Nanticha Rattanamangkalanon, Traimat Boonthai, Verapong Vuthiphandchai

Phylogenetic analyses and bioactivities of endophytic Pestalotiopsis from Amazonian species

Article in Press

Bioprospecting of the genus Pestalotiopsis shows potential for different bioactivity applications, this potential may originate from the close relationship with its host species. In this study, we verified the efficiency of the ITS regions for phylogenetic analysis of Pestalotiopsis species isolated as endophytes associated with basidiomycetes. The strains of endophytic fungi were isolated from the Genus Gustavia,...

Author(s):Elissandro F. Banhos, Antonia Q. L. Souza, Marne C. Vasconcellos, Gleyce S. B. Jobim, Dolores P. Fonseca, Marta R. Oliveira, Sarah R. Silveira, Wanderli P. Tadei, Afonso D. L. Souza

Prelimenary Screening for In vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from the Armoured Cricket (Acanthoplus discoidalis) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae)

Article in Press

The use of insects in folk medicine is widespread. This study was carried out in order to investigate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the Acanthoplus discoidalis insect extract. Insects were harvested from maize fields by hand picking and prepared to produce the extract. In the disc-diffusion assay, plate count agar plates were inoculated with 100μl of each of the test microorganism adjusted with peptone to...

Author(s):Mugova A.K., Zvidzai C.J., Musundire R

Antimicrobial Properties and Antioxidant Activities of Pigeon Pea Seed Protein Hydrolysates

Article in Press

In recent times, the biological activities of enzymatic digests of plant and animal proteins have been investigated and have been shown to exhibit multidirectional effects against microorganisms involved in the pathophysiology of a number of diseases. The present study evaluated the antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of pigeon pea protein hydrolysates. Proteins were hydrolyzed using the enzymes pepsin, trypsin and...

Author(s):Ekun, O. E., Aribisala, W. K., Ekun, R. G., Olusola, A. O., Bada, S. O., Bakare, O. S.

Assessment of the Microbial Quality of Food Contact Surfaces (Utensils) of Hotels and Restaurants in Addis Ababa

Article in Press

Background: Food contact surfaces are surfaces that encounter food for humans. It can harbor and introduce pathogens into food. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of food contact surfaces (utensils) from hotels and restaurants in Addis Ababa. Methods: We used cross-sectional study design in which 12 hotels and 28 restaurants were randomly selected in Addis Ababa. Swab samples from...

Author(s):Abiyot Tenna, Kassayenew Amare, Hiwot Tekola, Yohannes W.Kidan, Daniel Melese, Girmaye Medhin

MicroRNA 122 and 483 as potential markers to diagnose Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Chronic Hepatitis C virus patients

Article in Press

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is of the most frequent malignancies that suffer poor prognosis. In Egypt, HCC occurs mainly in the background of chronic infection with HCV. Early diagnosis of HCC development is crucial for proper management. Therefore, this study aimed to detect the expression of miR-122 and miR-483 in sera from Egyptian patients with HCV-related HCC and to evaluate their value as biomarkers...

Author(s):Ahmed Gaballah, Akram Fathi Shatara, Sahar Ahmed Shoman, Hisham Saad Mohamed, Abeer Ghazal

Survey for Faba bean (Vicia fabae L.) fungal diseases in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Among biotic factors diseases were the most important constraints of Faba bean yield in Ethiopia. This investigation was designed: to identify, document, prioritize and be acquainted with distribution of fungal diseases of Faba bean in Ethiopia; to map geographical distribution areas for economically important faba bean fungal diseases. Assessments of diseases were accomplished in 2017 and 2018 main growing season of the...

Author(s):Tajudin Aliyi Mohammed, Bayoush Birke Yeshinigus and Alemayehu Hailu Welderufael

INCIDENCE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS RESISTANT TO VANCOMYCIN FROM CLINICAL SAMPLES IN A TERTIARY HEALTH INSTITUTION IN ZARIA, NORTH-WEST, NIGERIA

Article in Press

Vancomycin remains one of reserved drugs and last option for the treatment of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) globally. Little resistance has been reported to date, but generally it is not being actively prescribed in this environment. This study evaluated the possibility of isolating S. aureus with genes encoding resistance to vancomycin in a hospital setting. A total of 177 presumptive S. aureus...

Author(s):Aremu O.K, Onaolapo J.A, Ibrahim Y.K.E, Igwe JC

Characterization of culturable microbial community in oil contaminated soils in Greater Port Harcourt Area, Nigeria

Article in Press

The study investigated microbial population dynamics in soils of Greater Port Harcourt Area, Nigeria. The study involved the quantification of petroleum pollutants and the enumeration and characterization of culturable fungi and bacteria. Gas Chromatograph FID method was used to quantify total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in the soil while morphological and biochemical tests were used to characterize the microorganisms....

Author(s):WANJALA, MP; ODOKUMA, L; ETELA I; RAMKAT, R, BLESSING AO

BACTERIAL BIOFILM IN VETERINARY MEDICINE: MECHANISMS AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

Article in Press

Bacteria can exist in natural ecosystem in two forms: (1) free-floating ‘planktonic organisms’ and (2) in biofilms which is recently recognized and the predominant form of microbial growth attached to surfaces. Biofilms are clinically important in both human and veterinary medicine, having the ability to form on both medical devices and living tissue. Biofilm formation has many stage of process which is includes:...

Author(s):Umer Seid, Munera Ahmadnur

Polyethylene Degradation by Certain Bacterial and Fungal Isolated from Solid Waste Dump Site

Article in Press

Soil samples were collected from a dump site, isolations and identification of microorganisms were carried out. Bacteria isolated were Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus and Clostridium sp. while the fungi isolated were Penicillium sp., Fusarium sambucinum and Aspergillus niger. The ability of the isolates to utilize polyethylene for growth in liquid and solid culture media was investigated. At the end of 5 months, the...

Author(s):DADA S. O., ABORISADE A.T., ADESINA F. P.

Docking Studies of NS5 MTase and RdRp proteins of Dengue virus for the anti-viral drug Development in Saudi Arabia

Article in Press

Flavivirus has been recently raised to the status of a new family of enveloped RNA viruses, the Flaviviridae. Non-structural protein 5 (NS5) of Dengue virus (DENV) contains N- terminal methyltransferase domain and a C-terminal RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domain. This protein is responsible for viral replication and has become an attractive target for the development of anti-viral therapeutic drugs. Present in-silico study...

Author(s):Afaf, S. Alwabli, Sana Al-Attas, Alawiah M. Alhebshi, Khalid Al-ghmady, Ishtiaq Qadri

Molecular diagnosis of Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis from culture-positive isolates using line probe assay in North Karnataka

Article in Press

Background: The control of tuberculosis (TB) has become a global health challenge due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). This highlights the need for faster and more accurate detection of tuberculosis cases. Objectives: The study aims to detect MDR-TB strains of pulmonary tuberculosis using resistance ratio method and to compare the diagnostic value of drug...

Author(s):Reshma Bellad, Mahantesh Nagamoti

INTESTINAL HELMINTHIASIS, A SILENT THREAT TO CHILD’S DEVELOPMENT

Article in Press

Background: Intestinal helminth is a public health problem with high mortality in pre- school and school aged children and affects the overall physiological and mental development of a child. The key objective of this work is to determine the prevalence and intensity of intestinal helminths in primary school pupils. Methodology: Blood and Stool specimens were collected from 557 pupils and were examined for intestinal...

Author(s):Achukwu, Ngozika.Obianuju, Enweani, Ifeoma.Bessy, Aniobi, Charles Emmanuel, Okolie, Anthony Ndubuisi

ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC POOL OF THE NEW CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) LITRATURE

Article in Press

A brief background: The pandemic for the new coronavirus culminated in a scientific race in search of explanations about viruses, as well as treatment, vaccines, preventive strategies, in order to reduce the health, health and economy impact in the world. Aim: The present study was carried out with the aim of analyzing the world scientific production of COVID-19. Method / Design: This is an exploratory and descriptive...

Author(s):Erika Morganna Neves de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Batista de Carvalho, Joyce Soares e Silva, Antônio Rosa de Sousa Neto, Maria Eliete Batista Moura, Daniela Reis Joaquim de Freitas

Biodegradability of Polystyrene Plastics by bacterial isolates from Plastic Composted waste Soil and Molecular Characterization of Plastic Degrading Bacterial Isolates

Article in Press

This study examined the biodegradability of polystyrene (PS) plastics. Soil samples were collected from Oluku Community in Egor Local Government Area, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Heterotrophic bacteria were enumerated and screened for PS degradation potential. Plastics degrading potential of the Isolates was determined by Shake Flask method, degradation of PS plastics was determined by analyzing the formulated PS...

Author(s):Ugueri Udochukwu and E. I. Atuanya

Recent trends of MDR, XDR and PDR strains of Escherichia coli in Urinary Tract infection samples

Article in Press

Escherichia coli (E. coli) are frequent occupant of the animal and human intestine. It also acts as leading pathogen causing Urinary tract infections. We have checked the checked the antibiotic susceptibility of E. coli against different antibiotics by Kirby-Bauer diffusion method. In this study, prevalence of E. coli is 64%. 27(42.18%) samples showed Multi drug resistance (MDR) in this study. 4(6.25%) samples showed...

Author(s):Muhammad Bilal Habib, Noreen Sher Akbar

Inhibitory Activities of Bryophyllumpinnatum leaf extract on Selected Strains of Microorganisms

Article in Press

BryophyllumpinnatumLam. (Crassulaceae) called ‘Oda-opue’ in Igbo, ‘Eru-odundunin Yoruba and ‘Abomoda’ in Hausa languages are widely used as food and as medicines in traditional medical practice. They are found widely in tropical Africa, America, India and China. This study investigates the inhibitory activities of hydro-ethanolic leaf extract ofB. pinnatumagainst some strains of microorganisms (Staphylococcus...

Author(s):Afees Adebayo Oladejo; Henrientta Aritetsoma Ogbunugafor, Chike Samuel Okafor and Ada Evelyn Kyrian-Ogbonna

Studies on Antiretroviral Treatment Failure among HIV Positive Clients Attending Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH), Kano.

Article in Press

Antiretroviral (ART) treatment failure is a major obstacle in the management of HIV positive clients. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of ART treatment failure among HIV positive clients attending Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital. The study was conducted by assessing immunological (CD4 cells count) and virological (viral load test) parameters. Of the 120 HIV positive clients tested, 27 (22.5%) had...

Author(s):USMAN DUTSINMA ALIYU, Bello Ahmed Salim

Isolation and identification of nitrite-degrading lactic acid bacteria from traditional Sichuan pickle

Article in Press

Sichuan traditional pickle is fermented by pickling with aged brine which is used for years even decades. The objective of this study was to isolate and identify autochthonous nitrite-degrading lactic acid bacteria from traditional Sichuan fermented radish. Three lactic acid bacteria strains with high nitrite-degrading ability were screened and identified as Leuoconostoc mesenteroieds (R5) and Weissella sp (R2, R4) by...

Author(s):SHUANGSHUANG GUO, Yan Ge, Anjun Chen

PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES IN YOGHURT AND RAW MILK SAMPLES IN ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Article in Press

Listeria monocytogenes is a food borne pathogen frequently associated with the consumption of contaminated food. Severe and life threatening human diseases caused by Listeria monocytogenes has been reported throughout the world. The present study evaluated the prevalence and antibiograms of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from yoghurt and raw milk sample in Zaria, Kaduna State. A total of three hundred and sixteen samples...

Author(s):Veronica C.

Antibiotics Susceptibility Profile and Killing Rate of Cronobacter sakazakii Isolated fro Used, Retail Infant Formulas and Opened-Vended Milk in Nigeria

Article in Press

Cronobacter sakazakii was isolated from Used and Retail Powdered Infant Formulas (PIF) and Opened-vended Powdered Milk (OVPM) samples using standard methods comprising Enterobacteriaceae Enrichment Broth and HARDYCHROM sakazakii medium. The antibiotics susceptibility results showed that out of the forty-four (44) of the Cronobacter sakazakii isolates tested, 44 (100%) was sensitive to Ciprofloxacin, 27 (61.36%) to...

Author(s):STEPHEN DARE OLONINEFA, Safiya Yahaya Daniyan, Moses Enemaduku Abalaka

Management of Powdery Mildew, Alternaria and Bacterial blight complex of Cluster Bean under Organic Farming System

Article in Press

Organic farming system emphasis on sustainable development of agriculture, the traditional agriculture system was much akin to the organic system but modernization of agriculture made a shift to this trend. Field experiments were conducted during kharif (Rain fed) 2013 and 2014 to develop a suitable organic module to manage these diseases and improve productivity of cluster bean. The module consisting of soil application...

Author(s):HARSHRAJ KANWAR, Amit Trivedi

Purification of a Saponin with antifungal activity isolated from the seeds of Filicium decipiens plant: Hemolytic inhibition activity by the Lectin PpyLL

Article in Press

Triterpenoids are a large group of naturally occurring substances in plant kingdon. In this paper was presented a Saponin from Fillicium decipiens seeds purified through a protocol using Ion-exchange coupled-chromatography for protein retention followed by Gel filtration under Sephadex-LH-20, and characterized by HPLC-MS. Saponin was examined for its antifungal properties by sensibility and dilution methods, and submitted...

Author(s):BRANDO-COSTA ROMERO, Ferreira Araújo Vivianne

Multiplex PCR technique for rapid detection of indicator bacteria in drinking water

Article in Press

Microbial indicators, in particular coliform bacteria including Escherichia coli and Enterococci have been established for detecting fecal contamination in water. These indicators, used to assess the potential public health risk of drinking water and their presence or absence, are key elements of most drinking water quality guidelines. Approved traditional methods for indicator organisms detection include the multiple-tube...

Author(s):El-Sayed Ahmed Kassem A.

DETERMINATION GENOYTYPE D OF HEPATITIS B VIRUSAMONGST PATEINTS IN MOSUL-IRAQ

Article in Press

Background: Hepatitis means inflammation of liver, caused by several viruses and agents. Hepatitis B virus is one of many types of viruses can infect liver and causes inflammation and in sometimes reaching to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Objectives: the aim of this study is to detect the genotype of hepatitis B virus from patients in Mosul. Methods: We evaluate 25 patients presumably with HBV in acute and...

Author(s):ALI ADEL DAWOOD

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