African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

Evaluation of the microbiological quality of "mabokés" smothered fish and, proteolytic activity of bacteria of the genus Bacillus in Brazzaville, Congo

Article in Press

In order to assess the health risks related to the consumption of smothered fish "mabokés" sold in the markets of Brazzaville, samples of smothered fish sold in three markets in Brazzaville were analyzed for their microbiological quality. The different samples were cultured for isolation on solid media using conventional microbiological methods. The bacteria isolated were identified on the basis of cultural, morphological...

Author(s):Cyr Jonas Morabandza, Tarcisse Baloki Ngoulou, Valentin Dibangou, Saphia Jemylah Galekoua Ndjiwa Empilo, Armel Faly Soloka Mabika, Christian Ngo - Itsouhou, Rachel Moyen, Gabriel Ahombo

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, what is the level of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice in Kandahar, Afghanistan

Article in Press

Background: There is a rising concern for the rapid increase of Covid-19 confirmed cases in Kandahar Province. From zero reported cases until 17th March 2020, then Kandahar saw a sudden rise in the cases until 16th May 2020. Decreased literacy rates, poor health education, lack of facilities, inconsistent government policies, and defying coronavirus safety advisory by the public have resulted in the rapid spread of...

Author(s):Asmatullah Usmani, Abdul Qadeer Baseer, Bilal Ahmad Rahimi, Ajmal Jahid, Parwiz Niazi, Abdul Wahid Monib, Mohammad Hassan Hassand and Wais Mohammad Lali

Bridging Technique Failure Through Low-Tech Improvisation: A Case Study of Food Microbiology

Article in Press

Modern technology for food safety studies include standardized protocols and equipment. However, appropriate technology needs to step in to bridge technology dys- or malfunctioning. We examined different low-tech methods for extraction of bacteria from fresh vegetables. Standard equipment including stomacher and filter bags were compared to extraction using bread stick and alternative filter material (nylon stocking,...

Author(s): Most Tahera Naznin, Sofia Windstam, Rumana Akter, Lars Mogren, Hanna Y. Berhane, Yemane Berhane, Eva-Charlotte Ekström, Magnus Jirström, Beatrix W. Alsanius

Isolation and Characterization of Alkaline Protease Producing Bacteria from Sludge Disposal Site and Sediment Soil Around Adama City, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Bacterial proteases are important enzymes used in detergent, food, leather, and silk industry. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize industrially important alkaline protease-producing bacteria from a sludge disposal site and tannery waste sediment. Soil samples were collected separately from sludge disposal sites and tannery waste sediments. One-gram soil samples were serially diluted and spread plated on...

Author(s):Yeshaneh Adimasu, Teshome Geremew, Adinew Zewdu and Feleke Belachew

EVALUATION OF MICRO-FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH LEAF SPOT OF Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. IN SOUTHERN NIGERIA

Article in Press

Fruit of Allanblackia floribunda is an active ingredient in the pharmaceutical industry. Fruit production in the species is hindered by incidence of pathogenic fungi leading to economic loss. This study was conducted to investigate the micro-fungi species associated with leaf spot of Allanblackia floribunda. Field surveys were carried out in natural stands containing matured A. floribunda trees located at Owu Ikija, Ogun...

Author(s):OLUSOLA. O OLASUPO, ADEBOLA O. ADEGEYE

Comparison between wet and semi-dry anaerobic biogas diester under thermophilic and mesophilic conditions: methane productivity and analysis of microbiota

Article in Press

The current practice of using stanchion breeding cow houses results in a semi-dry manure that ideally should be used as the substrate for the anaerobic fermentation. The conventional liquid-slurry biogas fermentation is disadvantageous with high running costs due to requirement of among others, water addition and running efficiency. This study aimed to establish a high-speed semi-dry methane fermentation system for cow...

Author(s):Kikue Hirota, Kosuke Hironaga, Zhihao Tu and Isao Yumoto

Suitability of bacterial fermentation and foil packaging of condiment from African mesquite (Prosopis africana) seeds for nutritional retention and commercialization

Article in Press

The process for bacterial fermentation and foil packaging of condiment (‘Okpeye’) from African mesquite seeds was described and its nutritional enrichment and packaging improvement for commercialization were verified. The seeds (1 Kg) were cleaned, washed and boiled in autoclave at 121oC for 2 h, cooled, drained, de-hulled and divided into two portions of each 300 g. One portion was placed in sterile paw-paw leaves (BL),...

Author(s):Uzodinma, E.O., Mbaeyi-Nwaoha, I.E. and Onwurafor, E.U.

Biodegradability of Polystyrene Plastics by bacterial isolates from Plastic Composted waste Soil and Molecular Characterization of Plastic Degrading Bacterial Isolates

Article in Press

This study examined the biodegradability of polystyrene (PS) plastics. Soil samples were collected from Oluku Community in Egor Local Government Area, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Heterotrophic bacteria were enumerated and screened for PS degradation potential. Plastics degrading potential of the Isolates was determined by Shake Flask method, degradation of PS plastics was determined by analyzing the formulated PS...

Author(s):Ugueri Udochukwu and E. I. Atuanya

ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF RHIZOSPHERIC MICROORGANISMS FROM BACTERIAL WILT ENDEMIC AREAS IN KENYA

Article in Press

Ralstonia solanacearum is a soil-borne bacterium causing bacterial wilt, particularly in Solanaceae crops, including tomatoes. Due to pathogen’s wide host plant range, pesticide resistance, and ability to overcome cultivars utilized for innate resistance, not even a single measure is effective against the pathogen. Screening the rhizosphere of bacterial wilt tolerant tomato plants from Bomet, Kiambu, Kajiado and Kirinyaga...

Author(s):Kones C., Mwajita, M ., Kariuki, L ., Kiirika, L ., and Kavoo, A

Epidemiology of pathogenic microorganisms,basic diseases and clinical biomarker analysis in patients with bloodstream infections during 2012-2018 from a 3A General Hospital in Lanzhou of China

Article in Press

Objective The aim of this study to investigate the burden of basic diseases, epidemiology of pathogenic microbes in patients with bloodstream infections and analyze their clinical biomarkers. Methods Data on bloodstream infections from 2012 through 2018 were obtained from our Hospital. We collect 1990 patients with bloodstream infections, and the patients basic diseases, pathogenic microorganisms and corresponding...

Author(s):Feng Qiangsheng, Song Yuejuan, Ha Xiaoqin

Antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacteria isolates from post-operative wound infections among patients attending Mama Lucy Kibaki Hospital, Kenya

Article in Press

Background Surgical site infections account for high mortality, morbidity, and elevated costs of treatment for surgical patients. Aim The study sought to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacterial isolates from postoperative wound infections among patients attending Mama Lucy Kibaki Hospital. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out between October 2018 and March...

Author(s):Johnstone Amulioto, Margaret W. Muturi, Scholastica Mathenge, and Gideon M. Mutua

Recent trends of MDR, XDR and PDR strains of Escherichia coli in Urinary Tract infection samples

Article in Press

Escherichia coli (E. coli) are frequent occupant of the animal and human intestine. It also acts as leading pathogen causing Urinary tract infections. We have checked the checked the antibiotic susceptibility of E. coli against different antibiotics by Kirby-Bauer diffusion method. In this study, prevalence of E. coli is 64%. 27(42.18%) samples showed Multi drug resistance (MDR) in this study. 4(6.25%) samples showed...

Author(s):Muhammad Bilal Habib, Noreen Sher Akbar

Inhibitory Activities of Bryophyllumpinnatum leaf extract on Selected Strains of Microorganisms

Article in Press

BryophyllumpinnatumLam. (Crassulaceae) called ‘Oda-opue’ in Igbo, ‘Eru-odundunin Yoruba and ‘Abomoda’ in Hausa languages are widely used as food and as medicines in traditional medical practice. They are found widely in tropical Africa, America, India and China. This study investigates the inhibitory activities of hydro-ethanolic leaf extract ofB. pinnatumagainst some strains of microorganisms (Staphylococcus aureus,...

Author(s):Afees Adebayo Oladejo; Henrientta Aritetsoma Ogbunugafor, Chike Samuel Okafor and Ada Evelyn Kyrian-Ogbonna

Evaluation of Cypermethrin Insectides on the Growth of Some Selected Soil Bacteria Isolated from Makurdi, Middle Belt, Nigeria

Article in Press

In the present investigation, a total of 30soil samples were collected from five different sites in Makurdi metropolis to investigate the effect of cypermethrin on some soil bacteria. Physicochemical properties of the soil samples from various sites were determined using standard procedures. Some selected soil bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Bacillus spp.,Staphylococcus spp.andProteusspp.were isolated...

Author(s):Ebah Esther Eneyi, Ehoda Christian Ochofie and Emmanuel Olumuyiwa Onifade and Ikala Ruth Ohie

Antibiogram studies of Escherichia coli and Salmonella species isolated from diarrheal patients attending Malam Mande general hospital Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria

Article in Press

Antibiotics resistant bacteria (ARB) is a worldwide problem. Information on ARB associated with diarrheal stool samples from Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria is scare. This study examines 41 stool samples from diarrhea patients from a selected hospital in Dutsin-Ma. Questionnaires were used to collect demographic information and used antibiotics. Bacteria isolation and antibiotics susceptibility testing were determined...

Author(s):Ayodele Timilehin Adesoji and Ahmad Mansur Liadi

Studies on Antiretroviral Treatment Failure among HIV Positive Clients Attending Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH), Kano.

Article in Press

Antiretroviral (ART) treatment failure is a major obstacle in the management of HIV positive clients. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of ART treatment failure among HIV positive clients attending Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital. The study was conducted by assessing immunological (CD4 cells count) and virological (viral load test) parameters. Of the 120 HIV positive clients tested, 27 (22.5%) had...

Author(s):USMAN DUTSINMA ALIYU, Bello Ahmed Salim

Isolation and identification of nitrite-degrading lactic acid bacteria from traditional Sichuan pickle

Article in Press

Sichuan traditional pickle is fermented by pickling with aged brine which is used for years even decades. The objective of this study was to isolate and identify autochthonous nitrite-degrading lactic acid bacteria from traditional Sichuan fermented radish. Three lactic acid bacteria strains with high nitrite-degrading ability were screened and identified as Leuoconostoc mesenteroieds (R5) and Weissella sp (R2, R4) by...

Author(s):SHUANGSHUANG GUO, Yan Ge, Anjun Chen

PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES IN YOGHURT AND RAW MILK SAMPLES IN ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Article in Press

Listeria monocytogenes is a food borne pathogen frequently associated with the consumption of contaminated food. Severe and life threatening human diseases caused by Listeria monocytogenes has been reported throughout the world. The present study evaluated the prevalence and antibiograms of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from yoghurt and raw milk sample in Zaria, Kaduna State. A total of three hundred and sixteen samples...

Author(s):Veronica C.

Antibiotics Susceptibility Profile and Killing Rate of Cronobacter sakazakii Isolated fro Used, Retail Infant Formulas and Opened-Vended Milk in Nigeria

Article in Press

Cronobacter sakazakii was isolated from Used and Retail Powdered Infant Formulas (PIF) and Opened-vended Powdered Milk (OVPM) samples using standard methods comprising Enterobacteriaceae Enrichment Broth and HARDYCHROM sakazakii medium. The antibiotics susceptibility results showed that out of the forty-four (44) of the Cronobacter sakazakii isolates tested, 44 (100%) was sensitive to Ciprofloxacin, 27 (61.36%) to...

Author(s):STEPHEN DARE OLONINEFA, Safiya Yahaya Daniyan, Moses Enemaduku Abalaka

Management of Powdery Mildew, Alternaria and Bacterial blight complex of Cluster Bean under Organic Farming System

Article in Press

Organic farming system emphasis on sustainable development of agriculture, the traditional agriculture system was much akin to the organic system but modernization of agriculture made a shift to this trend. Field experiments were conducted during kharif (Rain fed) 2013 and 2014 to develop a suitable organic module to manage these diseases and improve productivity of cluster bean. The module consisting of soil application...

Author(s):HARSHRAJ KANWAR, Amit Trivedi

Purification of a Saponin with antifungal activity isolated from the seeds of Filicium decipiens plant: Hemolytic inhibition activity by the Lectin PpyLL

Article in Press

Triterpenoids are a large group of naturally occurring substances in plant kingdon. In this paper was presented a Saponin from Fillicium decipiens seeds purified through a protocol using Ion-exchange coupled-chromatography for protein retention followed by Gel filtration under Sephadex-LH-20, and characterized by HPLC-MS. Saponin was examined for its antifungal properties by sensibility and dilution methods, and submitted...

Author(s):BRANDO-COSTA ROMERO, Ferreira Araújo Vivianne

Multiplex PCR technique for rapid detection of indicator bacteria in drinking water

Article in Press

Microbial indicators, in particular coliform bacteria including Escherichia coli and Enterococci have been established for detecting fecal contamination in water. These indicators, used to assess the potential public health risk of drinking water and their presence or absence, are key elements of most drinking water quality guidelines. Approved traditional methods for indicator organisms detection include the multiple-tube...

Author(s):El-Sayed Ahmed Kassem A.

DETERMINATION GENOYTYPE D OF HEPATITIS B VIRUSAMONGST PATEINTS IN MOSUL-IRAQ

Article in Press

Background: Hepatitis means inflammation of liver, caused by several viruses and agents. Hepatitis B virus is one of many types of viruses can infect liver and causes inflammation and in sometimes reaching to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Objectives: the aim of this study is to detect the genotype of hepatitis B virus from patients in Mosul. Methods: We evaluate 25 patients presumably with HBV in acute and...

Author(s):ALI ADEL DAWOOD

SOKOTO ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH UROGENITAL TRACTS OF FEMALE PATIENTS ATTENDING SOME SELECTED HOSPITALS WITHIN METROPOLIS

Article in Press

The research was aimed at Isolation and Identification of Anaerobic and Aerobic bacteria present in theUrogenital tracts of female patients attending Specialist Hospital Sokoto and Maryam Abacha Women and Children Hospital Sokoto. A total of forty (40) samples were collected from 40 female patients. A total of twenty (20) High vagina swab (HVS) samples and twenty(20) urine samples were collected. Bacteria isolated were...

Author(s):SA'ADATU ALIYU SHINKAFI

In vitro antibacterial activity of an endemic plant of south Algeria

Article in Press

Resistances to current antibacterial drugs are growing global concerns. Traditional medicine is a potential source of new antibacterial. The main purpose of this study firstly, it is to find the chemical compounds in the Citrullus colocynthis Schard fruits leaves and roots , secondly, to evaluate the antibacterial activity of aqueous and hydromethanolic extract of the different parts. Phytochemical screening revealed the...

Author(s):Nora Nahal

Studied on the Antibacterial Potential of Actinomycetes Isolated from the Haridwar Region of Uttarakhand

Article in Press

In this study, 29 isolates of actinomycetes were isolated from soil samples collected in the area of various localities of Haridwar region. These isolates were tested for their antagonistic properties against test organisms Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus epidermis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcesens, and Escherichia coli. Some of these actinomycetous strains exhibited antimicrobial activity...

Author(s):GARIMA ARYA, Purshotam Kaushik

Distribution Pattern and Molecular Evaluation of Facultative Anaerobic Thermophilic Bacteria in Hot Spring Sehezar, Iran

Article in Press

Generally, hot areas such as hot springs have high potential for growth of thermophilic bacteria. These bacteria are very useful in various industries in the fields of microbiology and biotechnology. One of the most important and most diverse groups of thermophiles is Bacillaceae family. Many species of this family are Extremophiles. Recently, scientists have found a tendency to study about thermophilic bacteria, thus they...

Author(s):Seyed Davar Siadat

Production of Lovastatin by Monascus purpureus MTCC369 using corn bran under solid state fermentation

Article in Press

Production of lovastatin was carried out by Monascuspurpureus MTCC 369 using agro-industrial residues likecorn bran as substrate under solid state fermentation. Lovastatin is a potent hypercholesterolemic drug used forlowering blood cholesterol. In recent years, lovastatin has also been reported as a potential therapeutic agent forthe treatment of various types of tumors and also play a tremendous role in the regulation of...

Author(s):PRASANNA LATHA

In Vitro Detection of Antibacterial Activity of Glycyrrhizic Acid Nanoparticle against Multi-Drug Resistant K. pneumoniae with Genotypic Analysis

Article in Press

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Klebsiella pneumoniae can resist many antibiotic groups as they contain resistant genes responsible for multi-drug resistance. the study aimed to detect and identifying multi-drug resistant (MDR) K. pneumoniae from different clinical samples with detection and sequencing of both TEM and SHV genes, and using Glycyrrhizic acid nanoparticle as a treatment agent for MDR, ESBL...

Author(s):HAMDY AHMED EL-KHATEEB, Mahmoud Abd El-Mongy, Amal Sabry Othman

Microbial analysis of drinking water from rawalakot muncipality of Azad Jammu And Kashmir

Article in Press

Water has always been an important and life-sustaining drink to humans and is essential for the survival of all organisms. Therefore, a study was carried out to analyze the safety of drinking water. Samples of water will be collected from different sources available in Rawalakot municipality of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and were analyzed for microbiological parameters. Microbiological parameters include total coli forms,...

Author(s):KHAN

Microbiological Safety of Raw Cow Milk across the Milk Supply Chain in Eastern Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study was conducted to determine the microbiological safety of informally marketed raw cow milk across the milk supply chain in eastern Ethiopia. A total of 360 pooled raw cow milk samples (each with a volume of 450 mL) were collected from the udders and milk handling equipment of producers in rural areas of Babile district; from the equipment of collectors/transporters in Harar and Dire Dawa towns as well as from the...

Author(s):Tadele Amentie

Isolation and Identification of Fungi from soil samples in Amurum Forest Reserve

Article in Press

The Amurum forest reserve is an area of about 300 hectares that is protected because it houses important bird species. This study was carried out to investigate the fungal diversity in soil samples collected from three Habitat types present in Amurum Forest Reserve. The fungi were isolated using soil plate method, subcultured to obtain pure cultures and maintained on PDA slants. On the basis of cultural and microscopic...

Author(s):Diana Unwana Affiah, Charity Ada Amienyo, and Vou Moses Shutt

Microbiological quality and safety of ready-to-eat foods from restaurants and food establishments in Yirgalem town, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Foodborne illness is considered as one of the most important public health problems, especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the microbiological quality and safety of ready-to-eat foods in Yirgalem town, Southern Ethiopia, from November 2016 to August 2017. A total of 160 food samples, including 40 'Injera firfir', 40 'Bayeaynet', 40 Vegetables and 40 spaghetti were collected and...

Author(s):Tsegaye Shamebo and Assefa Hamito

Impact of the use of treated wastewater in agriculture on the bacteriological quality of raw cow's milk on a farm in northeastern Algeria

Article in Press

This study aims to assess the impact of the use of treated wastewater (without chlorination) in farming and dairy cattle breeding. Milk samples were collected from a farm in northeastern Algeria. The treated wastewater from the treatment plant is used on this farm for different activities. The results obtained show that the average contamination of milks with total flora is 3.7.105 CFU /ml. fecal coliforms are present at...

Author(s):Chorfi Keltoum, Bendjemana Katia, Ammar Ayachi, Mahdi Fatima and Bouzidi Nour El Aimane

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE IMMUNE RESPONSE AND SAFETY OF TWO COMMERCIAL INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VACCINES USED BY POULTRY FARMS IN KIGALI CITY, RWANDA

Article in Press

A total of ninety broilers chicks were reared for a defined period of time until they reached to two months of age after completion of vaccination program required for broiler chickens. The chicks were divided into three groups (A, B and C) of 30 chicks each, and housed separately into chicken pens divided into three compartments, they were fed daily and given water ad-libitum. Two vaccines against IBD were obtained from...

Author(s):Dushimirimana Emmanuel

THE INCIDENCE OF PSEUDOMONADS BOTH IN CLINICALLY AND ENVIRONMENTALLY AND ITS ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE TO THE RANGE OF ANTIBIOTICS

Article in Press

This study was undertaken to explore the antimicrobial resistance of the organism Pseudomonas to the diverse classes of antimicrobials formulated in clinical practice and the prevalence of metallo-Beta-lactamases (mbls) produced by these isolates. Aims and objectives was to analyze the antibiotic resistance .The 97 strains were isolated both clinically and environmentally and were characterized by 16S molecular...

Author(s):DAS Ruchira, SINHA Papiya and PANDEY Piyush

Assessment of Post-Harvest Fungal Diseases of Mango, Grape and Banana Saudi Arabia Market

Article in Press

A study was conducted to assess the extent of loss in mango, grape and banana fruits caused by fungal diseases during post-harvest. The loss due to fungal diseases was assessed at weekly intervals for four months (June to September 2018). A bout 300 samples of infected fruits were collected during this study, from different fruits market of Riyadh regions in Saudi Arabia. The results showed that, mango, grape and banana...

Author(s):Ahmed R. Al-Najada

Physicochemical Properties and Microbial Quality of Raw Cow Milk Collected from Debre Berhan Milk shed, Central Highlands of Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted in Debre Berhan Milk shed Areas, central highlands of Ethiopia, with the objectives to evaluate the physio-chemical characteristics, microbial load and hygienic practices of raw cow milk produced and marketed in study areas. A total of 359 milk samples were collected and analyzed physio-chemical and microbial examination. The study revealed that the proportions of respondents who practice washed...

Author(s):Admasu Lakew, Gebeyehu Goshu, Gezahegne Mamo, Ashenafi Mengistu and Tilaye Demissie

Resistance of Candida Albicans to antifungal drugs in Abidjan (Cote d’Ivoire)

Article in Press

This study aims to evaluate the resistance levels of strains of Candida albicans to the antifungals commonly used in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire. This is a prospective study that was carried out from July to October 2017 at the mycology laboratory of the Institut Pasteur of Cote d’Ivoire. 105 Candida isolates, obtained from swabs taken from patients receiving out-patient treatment, were seeded on chromogenic medium....

Author(s):C.G. Kouadio-Yapo, N.A.D. Aka, A.V. Bonouman-Ira, G.S.P Dou, K.H.G. Sonan, K.D. Zika, K.D. Adoubryn, M. Dosso

Biochemical and molecular characterization of yeasts isolated from Nigerian traditional fermented food products

Article in Press

Yeasts are very important in food production by affecting the quality and safety of different food products. Yeasts are commonly used in the production of beer, wine and bread. But many yeast species have been isolated from different African fermented foods. The present study was aimed at determine the biodiversity of yeasts isolated from selected Nigerian fermented foods. A combination of phenotypic and molecular tests...

Author(s):Adesokan Isaac Ayanniran, Sanni Abiodun I and Marc-Andre Lachance

Quality assessment of bacterial load present in drinking water in Woreta town, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Access of adequate and safe water is a universal human need. Lack of safe and adequate water supply causes health risk and the situation is serious in developing countries The aim of this study was to determine the bacterial load, physicochemical quality of drinking water in wells, reservoir, taps and household storage containers water samples and to investigate the hygiene and sanitation practices of the consumers in...

Author(s):Kindu Alem

Stability and Antioxidant Activity of Natural Red pigment by Pseudomonas stutzeri ZH-1

Article in Press

Natural pigments are widely used in textiles, leather, food and other materials, due to they are non-toxic and easy to extract. In the present study, stability and antioxidant activity of a natural red pigment was investigated from Pseudomonas stutzeri ZH-1 which was first isolated and identified from the sludge of Fenhe River, Linfen, Shanxi Province. The results of stability tests showed the red pigment had a relative...

Author(s):Si-yu Wang and Qing-ping Hu

Bacteriological study of goats and sheep livers slaughtered in slaughterhouse under Federal Inspection Service in Bahia

Article in Press

The study aimed to verify the occurrence of aerobic bacteria causing liver macroscopic lesions in sheep and goats, besides describing the susceptibility profile to antimicrobials and the pathogenic potential of the isolated bacterial species. The samples were collected during the slaughter of 1,270 animals in slaughterhouse under Federal Inspection Service (SIF) in the municipality of Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil....

Author(s):Lorena Santos Brandão, Maurício Costa Alves da Silva, Tatiana Pacheco Rodrigues, Rebeca Ayala Rosa da Silva

Isolation, Biochemical and Molecular Characterizations of Riboflavin Producing Lactic acid Bacteria from Nigerian Fermented Food Products

Article in Press

The purpose of this research was to explore lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from Nigerian fermented foods that can be used to produce riboflavin. In this study, LAB were isolated from “wara”, “nono”, and “ogi”. Total number of colonies of LAB in triplicates ranged from 3.9 x 106 CFU ml 1 to 4.2 x 106 CFU ml 1. A total of 321 lactic acid bacteria were isolated. Of these LAB isolates, 129 (40%) belong to the genus Lactobacillus,...

Author(s):Joy Abiola Onipede and Oluwatoyin Rebecca Afolabi

Combination of genetic tools to discern Bacillus species isolated from hot springs in South Africa

Article in Press

Using phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene 43 gram-positive, spore-forming bacteria of the phylum Firmicutes were isolated, cultured and identified from five hot water springs in South Africa. Thirty-nine isolates belonged to the family Bacillaceae, genus Bacillus (n = 31) and genus Anoxybacillus (n = 8), while four isolates belonged to the family Paenibacillaceae, genus Brevibacillus. The majority of isolates fell...

Author(s):Jocelyn Leonie Jardine and Eunice Ubomba-Jaswa

Microbiological Quality of Leafy Vegetables Irrigated with Wastewater in Harar Town Vegetable Farm, Eastern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Food safety issues are of growing concern to consumers globally because of the risks associated with consumption of foods contaminated with pathogenic microbes. Harar town vegetable farm is known to produce vegetables irrigated with wastewater. To what extent these vegetables are contaminated with pathogenic microbes was not known. The study was aimed to examine the extent of microbial contamination of vegetables. Thus, a...

Author(s):Getachew Alamnie, Ameha Kebede, Sissay Menkir

Antibiotic Susceptibilities, MIC50 and MIC90 of Clinical Isolates of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

Article in Press

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is evolved strains of S. aureus resistant to all β-Lactam antibiotics and is among important nosocomial pathogens worldwide. The study aimed to determine the antibiotic susceptibilities of clinical MRSA strains to first-line drugs and drugs of last resort in the treatment of MRSA infections. Clinical samples were collected, screened for MRSA and minimum inhibitory concentrations...

Author(s):Uzal Umar, Auwalu Uba, Olubukola M. Oyawoye

Isolation and characterization of Edwardsiella tarda from wild fish from the gulf of Lake Tana, North Western Ethiopia

Article in Press

Edwardsiellosis is one of the important bacterial diseases of fish causing severe economic losses in aquaculture worldwide. In Ethiopia, information on fish pathogenicEdwardsiella species is scanty. This study was conducted to isolate and determine the extent of occurrence of fish pathogenic Edwardsiella species from apparently healthy fish harvested for human consumption from the gulf of Lake Tana, Ethiopia....

Author(s):Yoseph Kerie, Anuar Nuru, Liyuwok Tesfaw, Takele Abayneh

A Fluorescence based assay for detection of Listeria monocytogenes using wheat germ agglutinin

Article in Press

Purpose: This study was designed with the objective to check the ability of Wheat Germ Agglutinin (WGA) lectin to specifically bind with Listeria monocytogenes based on fluorescence based assay. Methods: The fluorescence activity of WGA, mixture of WGA and L. monocytogenes and WGA with different sugars was evaluated using Tecan multimode plate reader by an optimized protocol. Association constant (Ka) of WGA with...

Author(s):Raghu H. V , Naresh Kumar, Anjali M. K, Harsimran Kaur and Brijesh Kumar

Bacteriological Assessment of Hospital Air and Selected Surfaces in Three Referral Hospitals in Makurdi Middle Belt Nigeria

Article in Press

Hospital environment needs more attention because of the influx of people into the environment for medical checkup and other services. This study unveils the incidence of bacteria isolated from air and selected surfaces in three referral hospitals (City hospital, Federal Medical Centre, Wadata and Saint Theresa Hospital) in Makurdi Middle Belt Nigeria. Fifty (50) bacteria were isolated; hospital air (26%), bed rails (16%),...

Author(s):Emmanuel Olumuyiwa Onifade, Innocent Okonkwo Ogbonna, Joseph Ikwebe, Tosin Adebola Ode, Stephen Olaide Aremu, Babatunde Fatoke, Oluwole Opeyemi Owoyemi, Ebenezer O. Abeleje

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