African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJMR Articles in press

Article in Press

A Fluorescence based assay for detection of Listeria monocytogenes using wheat germ agglutinin

Purpose: This study was designed with the objective to check the ability of Wheat Germ Agglutinin (WGA) lectin to specifically bind with Listeria monocytogenes based on fluorescence based assay. Methods: The fluorescence activity of WGA, mixture of WGA and L. monocytogenes and WGA with different sugars was evaluated using Tecan multimode plate reader by an optimized protocol. Association constant (Ka) of WGA with...

Author(s):Raghu H. V , Naresh Kumar, Anjali M. K, Harsimran Kaur and Brijesh Kumar

Article in Press

Assessment of Bacteriological Quality of Water Sources from an Agrarian Settlement in South-East Nigeria.

This study assessed the bacteriological quality of groundwater, rainwater and surface water sourced from an agrarian settlement in south-eastern Nigeria. Agamede, Amede, Ihenyi, Mgbuji and Umuhu communities in Eha-Amufu served as sampling locations. Samples were sourced from River Ebenyi, hand-dug wells and rooftop harvested rainwater. Bacterial isolation, identification and enumeration followed standard methods. Coliform...

Author(s):Emmanuel lkechukwu Nnamonu, Felix Joel Ugwu, Obiageli Constance Ejilibe, Ogonna Christiana Ani, Paul Emenike Martins, Samuel Osemedua Onyeidu, Blessing Uchechukwu Onyeidu

Article in Press

Propolis and its Flavonoids’ Effect in Reversing Antibiotic Resistance in MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major nosocomial pathogen, particularly dangerous in burn units. Many strains show resistance to multiple antibiotics, thus there is a need for a new and innovative alternative for treatment. In this study, the antipseudomonal activity of Jordanian propolis (EEJP) and three of its pure flavonoids (pinocemberin, pinobanksin-3-O-acetate and chrysin) was investigated using micro dilution...

Author(s):Rula M. Darwish ; Rama M. Al Masri; Mohammad M. Al Masri; Musa Abu Zarga; Ibrahim K. Nazer

Article in Press

Bacteriological Assessment of Hospital Air and Selected Surfaces in Three Referral Hospitals in Makurdi Middle Belt Nigeria

Hospital environment needs more attention because of the influx of people into the environment for medical checkup and other services. This study unveils the incidence of bacteria isolated from air and selected surfaces in three referral hospitals (City hospital, Federal Medical Centre, Wadata and Saint Theresa Hospital) in Makurdi Middle Belt Nigeria. Fifty (50) bacteria were isolated; hospital air (26%), bed rails (16%),...

Author(s):Emmanuel Olumuyiwa Onifade, Innocent Okonkwo Ogbonna, Joseph Ikwebe, Tosin Adebola Ode, Stephen Olaide Aremu, Babatunde Fatoke, Oluwole Opeyemi Owoyemi, Ebenezer O. Abeleje

Article in Press

Virulence Characteristics and Phylogenetic Background of Antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus faecalis from Abattoir, Poultry and Clinical origin in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

Enterococcus faecalis is a major cause of nosocomial infection in human and severe extra-intestinal infections in animals. Enterococcus spp possesses the ability to acquire and spread genes linked with antimicrobial resistance which makes them an important nosocomial pathogens. This study aimed to determine the distribution of antibiotic resistance and virulence genotype of Enterococcus faecalis in animal, poultry and...

Author(s):Abiodun Ojo, Adetunji Olawale, Pius Okiki, Folusho Oyinloye, Tolulope Ogunnusi, Amos Onasanya and Oyewale Morakinyo

Article in Press

Root growth in tomato seedlings in response to bacterial inoculation Serratia sp.

Growth-promoting rhizobacteria are soil bacteria that inhabit the surrounding root, and are directly or indirectly involved in promoting plant growth and development. The objective of this study was to verify if the mechanism of growth promotion of the bacterium is similar to that promoted by Polyethylene glycol (PEG) and to compare the possible effects of water stress on the tomato against the effects of inoculation of...

Author(s):Ana Carla Pinheiro Lima; Eduardo de Assis Lima, Débora Alves Gonzaga da Silva Ballesteiro Pereira, Leonardo Oliveira Médici

Article in Press

Antibiotic resistance pattern of Escherichia Coli isolated from outpatients suspected with urinary tract infections at shaafi hospital, Mogadishu, Somalia: A public health concern among adult populations

Several studies suggest increasing rates of antibiotic resistance among adult populations with Urinary tract infections (UTI). Escherichia coli (E.coli) is the predominant bacterium both in the community and in hospital environments causing uropathogenic infections. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Shaafi Hospital, Mogadishu, Somalia. A total of 128 samples were collected from outpatients suspected of UTI and...

Author(s):Malyun Adam Mohamed, Fatima Abdullahi Hussein, Sa’adia Abdullahi Karie, Abdifetah Ibrahim Omar

Article in Press

In vitro efficacy of Trichoderma asperellum and detached leaflet assay on late blight pathogen: Phytophthora infestans

Late blight is highly variable adapting to new fungicides and overcoming host resistance. The objective of the study was to determine efficacy of Trichoderma asperellum against Phytophthora infestans and its compatibility with fungicides. T. asperellum at 33% (3 × 106), 66% (7 × 106) and 100% (1 × 107 CFU/mL; g/L), Ridomil® (Metalaxyl 4% + Mancozeb 64%) and Mistress 72® (Cynamoxil 4% + Mancozeb 64%) were plated alongside...

Author(s):Kilonzi, J.M, Mafurah, J.J, and Nyongesa, M.W

Article in Press

Biosurfactant Production Potential of Bacillus Obtained From Dye Effluent

AIM: This study investigated the biosurfactant productions potentials of Bacillus isolated from dye effluent. METHODOLOGY: Samples were collected under aseptic condition from three areas of Sokoto (Marina, Unguwar rogo and Minannata) in Nigeria and transported in an ice bag to microbiology laboratory of Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto. Enumeration, identification and characterization of the isolates were carried out...

Author(s):Abubakar, U., Ibrahim, U.B., Fardami, A.Y., Kawo, A.H., and Dankaka S.M

Article in Press

ANTIBIOGRAM OF SOME BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM PROCESSED TIGER-NUT BEVERAGE (KUNUN-AYA) SOLD IN THE UNIVERSITY OF JOS COMMUNITY PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA

An investigation was conducted to determine the antibiogram of some bacterial species isolated from locally processed Tiger-nut drink “Kunun-Aya” sold in University of Jos. The isolation, identifications, bacteria counts and antibiotic resistance pattern of the isolates against some antibiotics were done using Standard microbiological techniques. The bacteriological analyses revealed the presence of three genera of...

Author(s):Pandukur SG, Danshak DT, Plangnan GA, Bala DA, and Itelima JU

Article in Press

Assessment of Microbiological Quality and Drug Resistance Patterns of Raw Vegetables Irrigated with Hasassa River, West Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Irrigation scheme is among major transmission modes of enteric human pathogens. Irrigation of vegetables with polluted water and untreated wastewater is a common practice worldwide. This practice is common in urban areas of low-income countries including Ethiopia, where there is increasing demands for fresh vegetables with poor wastewater treatment. The aim of the present study was to assess the microbial quality and...

Author(s):Edao Gelgelu, Zerihun Belay, Bayissa Chala

Article in Press

Current Review on the Gut Microbiota on Human Health, Disease and Attainment of the Human Gut Microbiota

Over 100 trillion symbiotic microorganisms live on and within human beings and have a diverse function in human health and disease. But there are a variety of environmental and other factors that affect intestinal microbial dysbiosis, which has a close relationship with human health and disease. The pathogen microbes colonize intestinal mucosa this leading in the induction of a strong inflammatory response, followed by the...

Author(s):Mesele Admassie and Fassil Assefa

Article in Press

Screening of Fungal Contaminants in Tissue Culture Banana Cultures at Jkuat, Kenya

Tissue culture is prone to high costs of production arising from losses incurred from fungal contamination. The aim of the study was to characterise fungal contaminants and elucidate the exhibited mode of resistance to most preferred sterilants. Twenty nine fungal samples were collected at the different stages of tissue culture growth, using purposive sampling technique. Morphology results were confirmed by molecular...

Author(s):Eunice M. Kithaku, Anne W.T. Muigai, Johnstone O. Neondo, and Cecilia M. Mweu

Article in Press

Isolation and characterization of Bacillus species for the production of lipopeptides and its in vitro management against root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita

Bacillus species are found to be abundant in the terrestrial ecosystem. In this study, native Bacillus species associated with different horticultural crops growing in different districts of Tamil Nadu were isolated and identified. In total of 40 isolates collected, 30 isolates were identified as Bacillus species using morphological and biochemical characterization. These 30 Bacillus isolates were investigated for their...

Author(s):SANKARI MEENA

Article in Press

Antibacterial Activity of Marine Yeasts by Resazurin Assay

Resazurin is an oxidation–reduction indicator used for the evaluation of cell growth, particularly in various cytotoxicity assays. It has been used over five decades to monitor bacterial and yeast contamination of milk, and also for assessing semen quality. This chemical reduction is mainly used in viability assays for mammalian cells. In the present study, antibacterial activity of marine yeasts is assessed by using...

Author(s):Senthil raja P

Article in Press

Response of Phosphorus Levels and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Inoculation on Bacillus and Pseudomonas population in Normal and Saline Soil

Phosphorus (P) is an important plant nutrient, play role as energy currency. Its limited reserves and lower P concentration enhanced the cost of manufacturing and reduced cost benefit ratio in crop production. Use of alternative P sources and mobilizer are emphasis by researcher. In this manuscript, use of graded dose of P in combination phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) (T1 : Absolute control; T2 : Recommended dose of...

Author(s):H. M. Meena

Article in Press

Determination of staphylococcal species in raw cow milk and associated risk factors in urban dairy farms of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Staphylococci species are important milk-borne zoonotic pathogens. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of staphylococci in milk, cow skin, milkers’ hands and equipment, as well as to assess the farm hygiene and pre-milking practices in dairy farms of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A total of 604 milk and cow skin as well as swab samples (n=44) were also collected from personnel and milk containers....

Author(s):TESFAYE SISAY TESSEMA, Mezgebu Merid, Girma Zewde, Berhanu Sibhat

Article in Press

Plant growth Promoting Rhizobacteria

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria play important role for the growth of plant. Till date many rhizobacterial species are identified by scientific community which are responsible for many complex biological processes with plant root. Rhizospheric bacteria cultivated mainly in yeast extract mannitol agar YEMA, many of which are the identified as nitrogen fixing strain. The nitrogen fixing ability of such babteria is shown...

Author(s):PANKAJ PANKAJ

Article in Press

Evaluation of Common bean germplasm for resistance to Angular Leaf Spot Disease (Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferraris) under natural conditions

Breeding programmes for resistance to angular leaf spot (ALS) in common bean have relied on a range of sources of resistance. However, due to the occurrence of many different races of the pathogen, the sources of resistance may not always be effective in all the regions. This study was conducted to identify new sources of resistance to ALS. A total of Seventy five genotypes of common bean were screened for resistance...

Author(s):S M Razvi, Mushtaq Ahmad, M A Bhat, B A Paddar, S A Ganie

Article in Press

In vitro screening and characterization of endophytic bacteria from root and nodule of Cicer arietinum L.

Endophytic bacteria are able to live inside the plant tissue for enhancing plant growth without any negative effect. A total of forty endophytic bacteria were isolated from different tissues of chickpea and in vitro screening was done for biochemical tests and different plant growth promotion activities, that is, indole acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA) production, and phosphate solubilization. On the basis of...

Author(s):Harsimranjeet Kaur, Poonam Sharma and Kailash Chand

Article in Press

Performance of microbial inoculants and mineral amendments for producing high quality compost from recycling plant residues

The present work aimed at studying the use of some bioaccelerator, namely Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma harzianum, Serratia species, Pseudomonas fluorescence and Bacillus polymyxa, together with mineral materials, that is, dolomite, feldspar, rock phosphate, bentonite, and elemental sulfur, for production of a high quality compost at a reduced time of processing. Plant residues composting 40% rice straw + 40% maize...

Author(s):Mohamed Ahmed El-Howeity and Shaban Shehata El-Bohy

Article in Press

Determination of fungal opportunistic pathogens in HIV/AIDS patients attending Pepfar Clinic in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Fungal infections, also called mycoses, are important causes of morbidity and mortality in humans. Fungal opportunistic pathogens can lead to many of the complications seen in advanced HIV disease and are commonly identified in HIV-infected populations with decreased immune function. This research was therefore aimed at determining the opportunistic fungal infections associated with HIV/AIDS patients receiving...

Author(s):Bukar A. M., Uba A., Yusuph H., Zailani S. B. and Digima A.

Article in Press

Study of microbial quality of four major seed spices grown in western semi-arid region of India

Seed spices are mature, dried seeds of plants used primarily for seasoning and flavouring foods. In this investigation, three different sets of four major seed spices samples viz. coriander (Coriandrum sativum), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) were collected. These sample sets include first set of sample from the local farm produce, second set of branded sample...

Author(s):B. K. Mishra, B. Singh, K. Kant, J. K. Ranjan and P. N. Dubey

Article in Press

Effect of soil factors on incidence of cumin wilt and survival of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Cumini

Investigations were carried out to study the effect of soil temperature, moisture, nutritional factors and organic amendments on wilt incidence due to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cumini (FOC) in cumin and survival of F. oxysporum f. sp. cumini under greenhouse/controlled conditions. Soil temperature and moisture significantly (p

Author(s):Suresh Kumar and S. Gangopadhyay

Article in Press

Characterization of novel endophytic Bacillus spp. from rice exhibiting plant growth promoting and antifungal activities against Rhizoctonia solani

Plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria (PGPE) influences the plant growth by various direct mechanisms. To look for efficient PGPE strains having multiple activities, 80 bacterial isolates were isolated from different tissues of rice obtained from major rice growing districts of Tamil Nadu. From 80 isolates, 20 efficient bacterial isolates were selected based on their plant growth promoting traits like production of...

Author(s):D. Durgadevi, S. Harish, D. Alice and T. Raguchander

Article in Press

Investigation of bla PER-1, bla VEB-1 and bla PSE-1 beta-lactamase genes among ESBL positive isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from intensive care unit patients

Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates are intrinsically resistant to many antibiotics such as novel β-lactam antibiotics and therefore, can develop resistance during treatment, culminating in high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to detect the genes encoding class A ESBLs of bla PER-1, bla- VEB-1 and bla- PSE-1 among clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa among ICU patients. In this study, a total of 65 clinical...

Author(s):Elham Davodian, Abdolmajid Ghasemian and Nourkhoda Sadeghifard

Article in Press

Baker’s yeast: A review

Baker’s yeast is the most widespread food microbial starter. Its main function is to produce gas, more specifically to raise dough made from flour and to provide bakery products with an aerated structure. Since the beginnings of the baker’s yeast industry, much effort has been devoted to optimize growth conditions to get high biomass yield in fermentation tanks and gassing power in dough. However, there is a limit to the...

Author(s):P. Saranraj and P. Sivasakthivelan

Article in Press

Effect of Depth of the Borehole on the Microbiological Quality of Water: A case of three Districts in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

The effect of depth of the borehole on the microbiological quality of the borehole water consumed in Ilala, Temeke and Ubungo districts of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania was investigated. A total of 48 samples were collected and subjected to total coliforms, Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) analyses. Data was statistically analyzed and separated using Tukey‘s Honest test at p

Author(s):Lucy Mlipano CHOVE and Richard John MONGI

Article in Press

THE ANTAGONISTIC EFFECTS OF Lactobacillus sp AND CERTAIN FUNGI FROM TERMITE NESTS ON KOLANUT TREES AGAINST PEDIATRIC PATHOGENS

Respondents in a rural suburb of Akure jettisoned antibiotic treatment; sought alternative cure to rising incidence of pediatric infections in 2017 from local herbal dealers, with many respondents claiming of better treatment response. Investigation of these claims were carried out since the local herbal formula included kola nut barks and ground termites. Hence, characterization of microorganisms associated with termite...

Author(s):Afolami, O. I, Oladunmoye, M. K, Arogunjo, A. O, Aribisala, J. O, Ajayi-Moses, O. B, Gabriel, P. O, Bhadmus, O. C, Wasiu, O. S, and Owoyemi, O. O.

Article in Press

Assessment of Formulations and their Impact on Physiological Characters of Green gram (Vigna radiata) under in-vitro Condition

This study was done to determine the effect of formulations with traditional fertilizers (cow dung and vermi-compost) on root and vegetative growth of green gram under in-vitro condition. The various treatments were done by formulation I, formulation II, Co-formulation (for pending patent, Patent App. No 201741023234), whey, molasses and formulations with traditional fertilizers in various ratios and applied as three...

Author(s):Nanthini PVM, Shahitha S and Palaniswamy M

Article in Press

Putative anti-quorum sensing activity of ethanolic extracts of the mushroom Pycnoporus sanguineus (L.: Fr.) Murr.

Bacterial intercellular communication (quorum sensing - QS), involves the recognition of minimum concentrations of signaling molecules, allowing the modulation of gene expression. QS inhibition is an anti-infective strategy. The mushroom Pycnoporus sanguineus has been usedin superficial infections by Amerindians. Extracts from Amazonian rainforest wild P. sanguineus specimens were tested for the inhibition of QS regulated...

Author(s):Fabiana Silva de Souza, Monique Antunes Negreiros, Maxwel Adriano Abegg

Article in Press

Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogen isolates from bovine mastitis in smallholder dairy farms in Sinana district, Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

Determining a pathogen’s spectrum of resistance to antimicrobials is often a critical component in successfully treating bacterial infections. Hence, a cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2013 to May 2014 to determine antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogens isolated from bovine mastitis in smallholder dairy farms in Sinana district, Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia. Bacteriological...

Author(s):Kemal Kedir Elemo, Kelil Shako Hiko, Gosaye Alemu

Article in Press

Seroprevalence of West Nile Virus and Associated Factors in Borena District, Southern Ethiopia

West Nile virus is a member of genus Flavivirus that cause emerging disease. It is transmitted with mosquitoes, Culex species. No studies have been carried out to determine seroprevalence of WNV antibody in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the WNV seroprevalence and its associated factors in health facilities in the Borena District. An institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to...

Author(s): Eshetu Nigussie

Article in Press

Antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on Klebsiella spp

Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) can be incorporated into various types of antibiotic resistance, such as Klebsiella spp, which can lead to changes in the mucous membranes and skins. Thus, the objective was to synthesize silver nanoparticles and their incorporation into cotton tissues for the testicles against Klebsiella spp. The AgNP colloidal solution was synthesized (AgNO3 - 0.1 mM, 100 mM trisodium citrate,...

Author(s):Kramer Dany G. Kramer

Article in Press

Microbial Qualities and Antimicrobial Activities of Apis mellifera L. and Meliponulla beccarii L. Honeys from Kellem and West Wollega Zones, Western Ethiopia

Honey is a natural substance synthesized by honeybees and its biological composition differs among honey types. The aim was to determine the microbial qualities and antimicrobial activities of Apis mellifera and Meliponulla beccarii honeys collected from Kellem and West Wollega Zones. Agar disc and well diffusion were used for antimicrobial susceptibility test while agar dilution was used to determine Minimum Inhibitory...

Author(s):Ofijan Tesfaye, Asnake Dessalegn

Article in Press

Utilization Potential of Quality Protein Maize in Spiced Ogi

The high incidence of protein energy malnutrition among children under 5 years in Nigeria informed this study. Quality Protein Maize (QPM) produces more lysine and tryptophan than most modern varieties of maize. It has been reported to be economically superior to traditional maize. This research focuses on QPM ogi fortified with indigenous food spices in order to improve its health benefits and organoleptic properties. The...

Author(s):Ejigbo EA, Farinde EO and Olanipekun OT

Article in Press

Prevalence of syphilis in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Syphilis infection is an important public health problem across the globe, especially in developing countries. In Ethiopia, study findings on the prevalence of syphilis among Ethiopian population are highly dispersed indifferent geographic region and time. The aim of the current review is to conduct revised information about syphilis in Ethiopia. Databases including MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, HINARI...

Author(s):Siraj Hussen, Zemenu Yohannes

Article in Press

Assessment of Mycotoxigenic Mould Contamination on Proximate Composition of Poultry Feeds

The objective of this study was to assess the mycotoxigenic mould contamination on proximate composition of poultry feeds. Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus, A. ocheracus and Fusarium verticilloides were the toxigenic moulds used to determine their effect on nutritional parameter of poultry feeds. The results of the chemical composition of the poultry feed before and after contaminated with toxigenic moulds showed that...

Author(s):Jeff-Agboola Yemisi Adefunke, Adeleke Bartholomew Saanu, Jeff-Agboola Excel Oluwajomiloju and Olotu Titilayo Mabel

Article in Press

Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Fecal Indicator and Multidrug Resistant Bacteria in a Multiple-Use Fresh Water Lake: The case of Lake Hawassa, Ethiopia

Aquatic environments close to cities are frequently used as sources for water and at the same time overloaded with a variety of pollutants either through direct or indirect discharges of untreated wastes and sewage. Sewage is known to contain pathogenic microorganisms. This circumstance is also worsened by the indiscriminate disposal of untreated wastes, which are often heavily burdened with sewage into vigorously used...

Author(s):Deresse Daka, Hunachew Beyene and Simachew Diress

Article in Press

Airborne bacterial diversity and antibiotic resistance patterns in operating theatre and paediatric wards in Botswana hospitals

There is presently no information on the occurrence, abundance and diversity of airborne bacteria in Botswana hospitals. In addition, there is also growing concern in the global spread of antibiotic resistant bacterial pathogens that continue to emerge and pose a huge challenge to human health. This study was aimed at; 1) determining the occurrence, relative abundance and diversity of airborne bacterial species. 2)...

Author(s):Lindiwe Tamocha, Mothomang Oyinloye and Teddie O. Rahube

Article in Press

The prevalence of E.coli and its antibiotic sensitivity test in diarrheic calves from selected dairy farms in Akaki Kality subcity, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted in 9 dairy farms in and around Akaki Kality subcity from November, 2013 to April, 2014 to estimate the prevalence of E. coli from diarrheic calves, assessment of risk factors associated with calf diarrhea and to determine antibiogram of the isolated bacteria. 50 calves, from the nine intensive dairy farms were assessed during the study period. From these 36 (72%) were found to be...

Author(s):Yayesew Wale, Temesgen Kassa

Article in Press

STUDIES ON OPTIMIZATION OF L-GLUTAMINASE PRODUCTION UNDER SUBMERGED FERMENTATION FROM MARINE BACILLUS SUBTILIS JK-79

In the current study, a marine strain Bacillus subtilis JK-79 capable of producing L-glutaminase enzyme, was analyzed for maximal L-glutaminase production. The Plackett-Burman design (PBD) was applied to determine the significant variables. Optimum conditions of the significant variables on L-glutaminase production were determined by the Central Composite Design (CCD) of response surface methodology. Maximum L-glutaminase...

Author(s):JAMBULINGAM KIRUTHIKA, SARANYA MURUGESAN

Article in Press

Group B Streptococcus serotype distribution and colonization rate among pregnant women and their newborns at Adama Hospital Medical College, Ethiopia

Group B Streptococcus is the leading cause of neonatal disease. This study was sought to determine colonization rate of GBS among pregnant women, and their newborns, serotypes distribution, and vertical transmission rate. A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Adama Hospital Medical College from June 2014 to October 2014. A total of 280 pregnant women and their newborns were screened for colonization with...

Author(s):Musa Mohammed Ali, Yimtubezinash Woldeamnuel Mulate, Daniel Asrat Woldetsadik, Demissie Assegu Fenta, Tolossa Eticha Chaka, Muluwork Tefera Dinberu, Eskinder Kebede Weldetensaye, Samson Jamal Ismael, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse

Article in Press

Nasal carriage enterotoxgenic Staphylococcus aureus among food handlers working in Hawassa University student cafeteria: cross sectional study

Food borne diseases are major health problems globally. Food handlers are potential causes of foodborne infections. It is estimated that 30-50% of the human population carries Staphylococcus aureus and its main habitat is the nasopharynx. This study aimed to determine the nasal carriage of enterotoxogenic Staphylococcus aureus among food handler working in Hawassa university referral Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia. A cross...

Author(s):Mesfin Worku, Anteneh Amsalu, Demissie Assegu, Techalew Shimelis, Mengistu Hailemariam

Article in Press

Isolation And Screening Of Antifungal Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria From Pro-Vitamin A Cassava

Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) are non-pathogenic bacteria reported to play essential role in preservation, fermentation and contribute to organoleptic and textural profile of food items. This study investigated antifungal producing LAB during fermentation of Pro-vitamin A and white cassava variety which were used against spoilage mould of cassava products (garri, lafun and fufu). One white cassava variety (IITA TMS IBA 30572...

Author(s):Bamigbade, G. B., Omemu, A. M., Oluwafemi, F. and Obadina, A. O.

Article in Press

The Potential Role of Natural Products in the Management of Fungus Infection and Their Mechanism of Action: A Review

Fungal infection initially was recognized to cause dermatophytoses and thrush which affects the quality of life. Then subsequently pathogenic fungi were acknowledged to cause severe life threatening infections especially to those who are immunocompromised. Not only these infections increase morbidity and mortality, but they also cause more hospital stays and a financial burden. There are currently few antifungals in use,...

Author(s):Aisyah Badhrulhisham, P. M. Ridzuan, C.N. Abdul Rassip, Salwani Ismail, Nor Iza A. Rahman, Shariff Halim, Baharudin Roesnita

Article in Press

Frequency of Hepatitis B Suface Antigen Seropositivity in Apparently Healthy Individuals Attending Two Medical Facilities in Southwest, Nigeria

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a small enveloped DNA virus of the Hepadnaviridae family associated with infection of the liver, and a major public health problem globally. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in apparently healthy individuals attending Federal Medical Centre, Owo and Don Bosco Medical Diagnostic Hospital, Akure, Nigeria. Socio-demographic status of the individuals...

Author(s):Ogunlana, D. O., Olalemi, A. O. and Oladunmoye, M. K.

Article in Press

Molecular Characterization of Water-borne Multi-drug Resistant Escherichia coli

Antibiotics are very important in the fight against infectious disease caused by bacteria and other microbes for decades. Today microbes have developed ways to resist antimicrobial agents targeted at them. We sought to characterize and simultaneously detect virulence genes associated water-borne antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli, obtained from water sampled from ground and surface water sources. The Analytical...

Author(s):Stephen T. Odonkor and Kennedy K. Addo

Article in Press

Mycoflora and mould counts on the leaves of Terminalia catappa , a common food package material in two south western cities in Nigeria

The leaves of Terminallia catappa (almond leave) have been used as a local package material for food in Nigeria for ages without the knowledge of the micro-organisms that inhabit the leaves. Fungi associated with disinfected and non- disinfected leaves of Terminallia catappa from two ancient cities in Nigeria were investigated. Results shows fungi and yeast inhabit the leaves and they includes Aspergillus niger, A. flavus,...

Author(s):Badmos A.O and Oni E.O

Article in Press

Isolation and characterization of a lytic bacteriophage (VB_PAnP_PADP4) against MDR-P.aeruginosa isolated from septic wound infections

Resistance to multiple drugs by pathogens has become the sweltering problem for the treatment of bacterial infections. To overcome this problem of drug resistance, several diversified bacteriophages can be used as one of the alternatives and attractive approaches. The present study aims to detect, isolate and partially characterize the bacteriophage used against MDR-P.aeruginosa isolated from wound infections. A total...

Author(s):Roja Rani Pallavali, Vijaya Lakshmi Degati, Narala Venkata Rami Reddy,

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