African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Review

Excess parameters of binary and ternary mixtures of {1-Butanol + hexylamine + n-heptane} at different temperatures and comparison with the Flory theory

M. Rezaei-Sameti1* and M. Rakhshi2   
1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran. 2Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bu Ali Sina, Hamadan, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 25 March 2011
  •  Published: 31 July 2011

Abstract

In this work, we calculated (thermal expansion coefficients),  (excess thermal expansion coefficients) and (isothermal coefficient of pressure excess molar enthalpy) for the binary and ternary mixtures of {1-butanol + hexylamine + n-heptane} from experimental densities (Djordjevic et al., 2010) at (288.15, 293.15, 298.15, 303.15, 308.15, 313.15, 318.15 and 323.15) K. The trends of and for the binary mixture 1-butanol + hexylamine are S-shaped dependence on composition, and for the binary mixture 1-butanol + n-heptane the trends of and  are positive and negative, respectively over the mole fraction rage. For the binary mixture of hexylamine + n-heptane, the trends of andare negative and S-shaped, respectively. The values of andof binary mixtures were correlated as a function of the mole fraction by using the Redlich–Kister equation and the ternary mixture was fitted by using the Cibulka equation. By using Flory theory, we calculated the values of  and at different temperature; the results show a good agreement between Flory theory and experimental data.

 

Key words: Thermal expansion coefficients, excess thermal expansion coefficients, isothermal coefficient of pressure excess molar enthalpy, Flory.