African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Removal of Erichrome Black T from aqueous solution using low cost waste biomass (cow dung ash) at 303 and 308K

Rashid Mahmood
  • Rashid Mahmood
  • Division of Science and Technology, University of Education, Township Lahore-54000, Pakistan
  • Google Scholar
Afia Naseer
  • Afia Naseer
  • Division of Science and Technology, University of Education, Township Lahore-54000, Pakistan
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 09 April 2013
  •  Published: 30 April 2013

Abstract

Waste biomass cow dung ash was used as an adsorbent for the removal of Erichrome Black T (EBT) from aqueous solution using simple batch technique. The contact time in terms of adsorption capacity was optimized at 303 and 308K, respectively and it was found to be 60 min for both temperatures. All the experiments were carried out at pH = 7. The adsorption capacity of EBT increased from 0.20 to 0.75 and 0.2 to 0.8 mg/g with 1 g of adsorbent at 303 and 308K, respectively by increasing concentration from 2 to 10 mg/L. The data were employed to Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models and because of higher regression co-efficient R2 values at both temperatures the Langmuir adsorption isotherm was found to be well fitted to the data. The adsorption was found to be spontaneous and endothermic at 308K due to negative free energy and positive enthalpy.

 

Key words: Erichrome Black T, cow dung, adsorption, thermodynamic parameters.