African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Synthesis and characterization of three new benzylidene acetohydrazide copper (ІІ) complexes

S. Ghammamy1*, R. Shakeri1, B. Shaabani2, K. Mehrani2 and S. Rajaei2
1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran. 2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Azad Islamic University, Ardebil, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Received: 30 November 2009
  •  Accepted: 07 April 2011
  •  Published: 30 June 2011


The synthesis and characterization of three complexes with copper (II) are described. The reaction between Cu(NO3)2.3H2O with bis[(E)-N'-(3-nitrobenzylidene) acetohydrazide], (NBAH) and bis[(E)-N'(4-methylbenzylidene) acetohydrazide], (MBAH) and bis[(E)-N'-(2,4-dichlorobenzylidene)acetohydrazide], (DBAH)  produced three new ionic complexes. One of them is bis[(E)-N'-(3-nitrobenzylidene) acetohydrazide] copper(ІІ) nitrate, [Cu(NBAH)2]2+, second is bis[(E)-N'(4-methylbenzylidene) acetohydrazide]copper(ІІ) nitrate, [Cu(MBAH)2]2+ and third is bis[(E)-N'-(2,4-dichlorobenzylidene)acetohydrazide] copper(ІІ) nitrate, [Cu(DBAH)2]2+. The copper complexes have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis and spectral data. The electronic and vibrational spectra of [Cu(NBAH)2]2+, [Cu(MBAH)2]2+ and [Cu(DBAH)2]2+ have been measured and studied.
Key words: Synthesis, characterization, bis[(E)-N'-(3-nitrobenzylidene) acetohydrazide] copper(ІІ) nitrate, bis[(E)-N'(4-methylbenzylidene) acetohydrazide]copper(ІІ) nitrate, bis[(E)-dichlorobenzylidene)acetohydrazide] copper(ІІ) nitrate.


NBAH, bis[(E)-N'-(3- nitrobenzylidene) acetohydrazide]; MBAH, bis[(E)-N'(4methylbenzylidene) acetohydrazide]; DBAH, bis[(E)N'(2,4dichlorobenzylidene)acetohydrazide]; UV-Vis, ultraviolet  visible spectroscopy; IR, infrared; DMSO, dimethyl sulfoxide; Dmf, dimethylformamide.