African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 360

Full Length Research Paper

Synthesis, characterization and thermal analysis of the copper(II) complexes with 2,2'-bipyridyl and 1,10-phenanthroline

S. Chandraleka
  • S. Chandraleka
  • Department of Chemistry, Urumu Dhanalakshmi College, Kattur, Tiruchirppalli-620 019, Tamil Nadu, India
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G. Chandramohan
  • G. Chandramohan
  • Department of Chemistry, A.V.V.M. Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi 613 503, Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 24 September 2014
  •  Accepted: 16 October 2014
  •  Published: 31 October 2014


The Cu(II) complexes were synthesized by the addition of Cu(II) acetate  monohydrate to ligand in aqueous solution with 1,10-phenanthroline and 2,2'-bipyridyl which led to the precipitation of  complexes. The synthesized Cu(II) complexes [Cu(SAla)phen(H2O)].H2O, [Cu(SAla)bpy(H2O)].H2O were found to be soluble in water, ethanol, methanol and DMSO. The electronic spectra and the magnetic moment support the stereochemistry of the complexes. The electronic spectra of all the complexes display a broad band with maximum at 14765 to 15503 cm-1, which suggested an octahedral geometry of the metal ion. The magnetic moment at the room temperature lying in the range of 1.78 to 2.09 BM corresponds to one unpaired electron which are slightly greater than the spin only value of 1.73 BM, which was expected for one unpaired electron which offer possibility of the paramagnetic nature. The electronic spectra of free ligand shows band at 35651 cm-1 which are intra ligand charge transfer band (INCT). The electronic absorption spectra of the schiff base complexes were recorded using DMSO solvent. The spectrum of Cu(II) complexes display a broad band at 14765 cm-1, which attributed  to  2Egà2T2g  transition, which strongly favours the octahedral geometry around the central metal ion. The thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), derivative thermogravimetric analysis (DTG), differential thermal analysis (DTA) experiments were carried out to explore the thermal stability of the complexes. The thermal behaviours of all the metal complexes were studied in the temperature range of 0 to 1400°C. The TGA, DTG and DTA studies of complexes reveal that the decomposition proceeds in three steps.


Key words: Copper(II) complexes, 2,2'-bipyridyl, 1,10-phenanthroline.