African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Multi residue analysis of pesticides in pre and postharvest wheat grains in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Ethiopia

Demis Zelelew
  • Demis Zelelew
  • Department of Chemistry College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Wachemo University, Hossaina, Ethiopia.
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Hadush Gebrehiwot
  • Hadush Gebrehiwot
  • Department of Chemistry College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Wachemo University, Hossaina, Ethiopia.
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Dereje Bezuyehu
  • Dereje Bezuyehu
  • Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development office of Hadiya Zone, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 14 February 2018
  •  Accepted: 07 March 2018
  •  Published: 31 March 2018

Abstract

This study was conducted to assess the presence of pesticides residues in wheat from Misha woreda, Haiya Zone, Ethiopia. Samples of wheat were collected during the period December 2015 to August 2016. Gas chromatograph (GC-MS) detection was employed after Liquid-Liquid extraction (LLE). The concentration levels of eight pesticides have been investigated in both wheat samples in farm and purchased from storage facilities. Since the method was out of scope, it was validated before application to the analysis of these pesticides. The spiked recovery results for five analytes were within the acceptable international standard. The LOD value and LOQ value are below the LCC and MRL of the analyte. Method validation for this study maintained a RSD <20% and percentage recoveries were in the range of 80-110%. The %RSD of all detected analytes was less than the acceptable international standard. Results show that out of the residues of eight analytes determined, four analytes (2,4-D; aldrin; Endosulfan; p,p-DDT) were detected in both field (pre harvest) samples and stored (post harvested) sample, whereas the remaining analytes were not detected at all. In general, the concentrations of these analytes in the wheat samples are in the order: 2, 4-D >aldrin>p,p-DDT >Endosulfan. The study observed that from the detected analytes, none of them are above the international MRL values and suggested that stringent monitoring of use of pesticides in agriculture and food storage is required.

Key words: Pesticide residue, wheat, Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS), method validation, maximum residue limit.