African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 368

Article in Press

Kinetics and Mechanism of The Redox Reaction of Hexamethyl pararosanaline Chloride (Crystal Violet) by Permangnate Ions in Aqueous Acidic Medium


  •  Received: 16 March 2019
  •  Accepted: 06 September 2019
Kinetics studies into the redox reaction and mechanism for the reactions of crystal violet (CV+) and MnO4– were carried out in aqueous acidic medium, at [CV+] = 1.6 X 10-5 mol dm-3, [MnO4-] = 8.0 x 10-4 mol dm-3 , [H+] = 2.0 x 10-3 mol dm-3, µ = 1.88 x 10-1 mol dm-3 (NaCl), T = 25.0 ± 1ºC and λmax = 580 nm. The stoichiometric studies showed that one mole of the crystal violet was found to be consumed by two mole permanganate ion. The reaction is first order with respect to [MnO4–]. The [H+] varied in the range (0.4 – 4.0) x 10-3 mol dm-3 showed dependence on acid concentrations (HCl). Rate equation for the reaction has been proposed as: –d[CV+]/ dt = (a + b[H+])[CV+][MnO4–]. Where a = 0.5 x 10-4 dm3 mol-1 b = 5.0 x 10-1 dm3 mol-1 The second order rate constant for the crystal violet – MnO4– reaction was found to be (1.90 ± 0.05) dm3 mol–1 s–1. The reaction showed zero salt effect. Result for dielectric constant (D) shows negative effect while added anions shows positive effect. Spectroscopic test indicate a shift in λmax while Michaelis-Menten analysis indicate the absence of intermediate complex formation. Based on the experimental results obtained, the outer – sphere mechanism is proposed for the reaction of CV+ / MnO4–.

Keywords: Kinetics, crystal violet, spectroscopy.