African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2157

Full Length Research Paper

Sciatica: Medical treatment or Physiotherapy?

Mehreen Saleem
  • Mehreen Saleem
  • Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.
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Salman Iftikhar
  • Salman Iftikhar
  • Department of Pharmacology, Rashid Latif Medical & Dental College Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Ramsha Javaid
  • Ramsha Javaid
  • Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Tayyaba Rana
  • Tayyaba Rana
  • Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.
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Maheen Rana
  • Maheen Rana
  • Department of Pathology, Rashid Latif Medical & Dental College Lahore, Pakistan.
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Yasir Arfat
  • Yasir Arfat
  • College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi University of science and technology Xian, China.
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  •  Received: 03 July 2019
  •  Accepted: 31 July 2019
  •  Published: 31 August 2019

Abstract

Low back pain is usually self-limiting. It has a sizeable impact on patients, and is associated with high healthcare and societal costs as much as $16 billion each year. Patients are commonly treated in primary care but a small proportion is referred to secondary care and may eventually have surgery. There are numerous treatment approaches for sciatica. Many people receive only medical treatment and are unaware of the availability and efficacy of the physiotherapy treatment. Objective of this study is to find out best treatment by comparison between medical interventions versus physiotherapy treatment for Sciatica. This study is a quasi-experimental study which includes patients presenting with sciatica divided into two groups. One group received medical treatment from a general physician and other group received physical therapy treatment from physiotherapist along with medical treatment from general physician. The study was conducted at Fatima Memorial Hospital, Services Hospital, Mayo Hospital and Hamid Latif Hospital, Lahore. The study was completed within the time duration from February 2017 to July 2017. Non-probability purposive sampling technique was used to collect data. Pre-treatment evaluation was done with Visual Analogue Scale, Oswestry Disability Index and Straight Leg Raising Test. The physical inspection involved the straight leg raising test and active knee extension tests. The data was managed and analyzed using SPSS version 21. Physiotherapy along with medical treatment is observed to give better interventional outcomes.

Key words: Sciatica, medical intervention, physiotherapy, oswestry disability index, straight leg raising test