African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2152

Full Length Research Paper

Rational and experiential decision-making preferences of pharmacy students in Karachi, Pakistan

Wajiha Iffat
  • Wajiha Iffat
  • Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi 75270, Pakistan.
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Sadia Shakeel
  • Sadia Shakeel
  • Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi 75270, Pakistan.
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Atta Abbas Naqvi
  • Atta Abbas Naqvi
  • Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia.
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Shehlla Imam
  • Shehlla Imam
  • Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jinnah Sindh Medical University Karachi, Sindh, 75510, Pakistan
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Tariq Ali
  • Tariq Ali
  • Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi 75270, Pakistan.
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Shagufta Nesar
  • Shagufta Nesar
  • Department of pharmaceutics, Faculty of pharmacy, Hamdard University, Karachi, Pakistan.
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Riffat Yasmin
  • Riffat Yasmin
  • Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi 75270, Pakistan.
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Faaiza Qazi
  • Faaiza Qazi
  • Department of pharmaceutics, faculty of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences, Karachi University. 
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Muhammad Faisal Khan
  • Muhammad Faisal Khan
  • Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi 75270, Pakistan.
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Madeeha Khan
  • Madeeha Khan
  • Department of pharmaceutics, faculty of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences, Karachi University. 
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  •  Received: 28 February 2019
  •  Accepted: 17 June 2019
  •  Published: 08 July 2019

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the rational (systematic and rule-based) and experiential (fast and intuitive) thinking preferences of pharmacy students. This may assist in formulating learning and teaching tactics for decision-making leading to safe and optimized patient care services. Here, a validated psychometric tool, that is, the Rational Experiential Inventory (REI-40) survey was used. It was distributed to students studying in fourth and final years of pharmacy degree program in private as well as public sector universities of Karachi city. A composite rational score was obtained by adding responses from the rational ability (r-ability) and rational engagement (r-engagement) items, while a composite experiential score was obtained by adding the experiential ability (e-ability) and experiential engagement (e-engagement) items. Results revealed that the mean rational scores obtained were 3.269±0.28 for rationality, 3.259±0.29 for r-ability and 3.289±0.28 for r-engagement. Mean experiential scores were 3.143±0.21 overall, 3.247±0.18 for e-ability and, 3.039±0.23 for e-engagement. Influence of gender, year of study and, type of institute on students’ responses was evaluated by applying independent t-test. The present study thus highlighted that most of the pharmacy students favored rational over experiential decision-making styles.

Key words: Decision making, pharmacy students, rational engagement, experiential engagement