In the present study, the crude methanolic and its succeeding solvent fractions of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia were investigated for its diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal profile. The methanolic and n-hexane fractions were screened (at the dose of 200, 300 and 400 mg/kg intraperitoneally [i.p.]) for diuretic effects on BALB/c mice. The methanolic extract demonstrated a weak, but not statistically significant diuretic activity compared to the standard drug, while the diuretic effect of n-hexane was similar to negative control. The insecticidal effect shown was in low to moderate effect range. The crude methanolic extract and aqueous fraction exhibited 40% mortality against Callosobruchus analis, while chloroform and n-hexane exhibited 40% activity against Tribolium castaneum and Rhyzopertha dominica. No leishmanicidal effect was observed against any of the tested samples.
Key words: Viola betonicifolia, diuretic, insecticidal and leishmanicidal.
Copyright © 2018 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0