African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2273

Full Length Research Paper

Baicalin inhibited nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation and attenuated sodium taurocholate of induced experimental pancreatitis in rats

Shu-guang Zhao, Hui-yan Li, Zhen-xiong Liu, Jing-jie Wang, Xv-xia Wang, Ming Qin,Bao-min Zhao, Hua Tang and Qin-sheng Wen*
Department of Gastroenterology, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710038, Shaanxi Province, P. R. China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 20 March 2012
  •  Published: 22 April 2012


Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) plays a critical role in development of acute pancreatitis. Baicalin, a root extract of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, had protective effects in a rat model of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). This study investigated the influence of baicalin on pancreatitis and the mechanism of anti-inflammatory effects associated with NF-κB activation. Sixty rats were assigned to four groups (n = 15). SAP rat models were prepared via retrograde injection of 3.5% sodium taurocholate in the pancreatic duct. Sham-treated rats only received open abdomenal surgery. Ten minutes post-surgery, rats were administered 5% baicalin solution or saline. Measures of pancreatic inflammation and pathology were assessed 6 h later. Compared to controls, sodium taurocholate-treated rats had greater pancreatic injury and neutrophil infiltration, stronger activation of lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress, enhanced levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and P-selectin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-6, and decreased IκBα. Baicalin markedly reduced the degree of inflammation and tissue injury, lipid peroxidation, poly (ADP-ribose) and nitrotyrosine production, upregulation/formation of ICAM-1 and P-selectin, neutrophil infiltration, TNF-α and IL-6 production, and increased IκBα in SAP rats. Baicalin attenuated rat pancreatitis induced by sodium taurocholate, and the anti-inflammatory effect was attributed in part to NF-κB inhibition.


Key words: Baicalin, nuclear factor-κB, acute pancreatitis, inflammation, neutrophil infiltration, cytokines.