African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2216

Review

Pharmacologic and medicinal properties of Allium hirtifolium Boiss

Jinous Asgarpanah* and Bahareh Ghanizadeh
Department of Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 12 June 2012
  •  Published: 08 July 2012

Abstract

Allium hirtifolium is known as wild garlic and it grows wild just in Iran. A. hirtifolium extracts are important areas in drug development with numerous pharmacological activities. For a long time, A. hirtifolium has been used in traditional medicine for treatment of hypertension, rheumatoid, inflammation, and also wounds healing. A. hirtifolium has recently been shown to have antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. Saponins, sapogenins, sulphur containing compounds (thiosulfinates) and flavonoids are phytochemical compounds which are reported from this plant. Due to the easy propagation and collection of the plant and also remarkable biological activities, this plant has become both medicine and food in Iran. This paper presents comprehensive analyzed information on the botanical, chemical, and pharmacological aspects of A. hirtifolium.

 

Key words: Allium hirtifolium, Alliaceae, wild garlic, pharmacology.