Allium hirtifolium is known as wild garlic and it grows wild just in Iran. A. hirtifolium extracts are important areas in drug development with numerous pharmacological activities. For a long time, A. hirtifolium has been used in traditional medicine for treatment of hypertension, rheumatoid, inflammation, and also wounds healing. A. hirtifolium has recently been shown to have antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. Saponins, sapogenins, sulphur containing compounds (thiosulfinates) and flavonoids are phytochemical compounds which are reported from this plant. Due to the easy propagation and collection of the plant and also remarkable biological activities, this plant has become both medicine and food in Iran. This paper presents comprehensive analyzed information on the botanical, chemical, and pharmacological aspects of A. hirtifolium.
Key words: Allium hirtifolium, Alliaceae, wild garlic, pharmacology.
Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0