African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2142

Table of Content: November 2010; 4(11)

November 2010

Toxicogenomics revolution in the optimisation of pharmaceutical drug development and drug safety evaluations

Modern high throughput screening methods in toxicology need to be developed. These new approaches are necessary to provide more insight into potential human toxicity than the old traditional methods. Toxicogenomics investigate the changes in gene expression profile following exposure to a toxicant. It offers the potential to identify a human toxicant earlier in drug development and to detect human-specific toxicants...

Author(s): Fokunang C. N., Tembe-Fokunang E. A., Ngameni B., Barkwan S. S., Tomkins P. T., Asongalem E. A., Ngadjui B. T., Ngogang J. Y., Abena O. M. T. and Asonganyi T.

  • Article Number: 418D79F36601

November 2010

Tissue distribution of intramuscularly and intratumouraly administered DNA plasmid harbouring apoptotic gene in mice

This study investigated the bio-distribution and persistence of plasmid DNA following intramuscular and intratumoural administration in a mice model. Validated quantitative method (real-time qPCR) was used to quantify plasmid distribution in the tissue samples collected at 15 min, 1 h, 24 h and 1 week after administration of 100 μg (1.5 x 1013 copies) of naked plasmids. Plasmids remained in the circulating blood (3.6...

Author(s): Ruzila, I, Zeenathul, N.A, Nik-Mohd-Afizan, N.A.R, Sheikh-Omar, A.R., NorHidayah, M and Mohd-Azmi, M.L

  • Article Number: 3F2106236627

November 2010

Knowledge and behavior of the pediatricians on rational use of antibiotics

This study was performed between June 17 - 20, 2009, in order to examine knowledge, behavior and the attitudes of pediatricians, who attended the 45th Turkish Congress of Pediatrics in Cappadocia, Turkey, about rational use of antibiotics and to investigate any affecting factors. This was a descriptive study that evaluated the pediatricians’ theory about rational use of antibiotics. The survey sheet used...

Author(s): Senay Cetinkaya Yusuf Karataş A. Bülent Antmen and S. Emre Alhan

  • Article Number: A045F1936644

November 2010

Ethno medicines used for treatment of prostatic disease in Foumban, Cameroon

The medicinal plants used for the treatment of prostate diseases and related efficiency in Foumban were reviewed based on the ethnobotanic, some chemical and biochemical reports. A total of 40 plants species belonging to 29 families have been used to prepare 27 remedies, for treatment of specific prostate ailments such as prostatitis, prostatic adenoma (benign tumour hypertrophy) and cancer of prostate. Two plant...

Author(s): Noumi Emmanuel

  • Article Number: 58686EF36680

November 2010

17β-estradiol attenuates LPS-induced interleukin-8 production by human peripheral blood monocytes through estrogen receptor-α activation

Proper regulation of the immune response is essential for immune homeostasis. Several proinflammatory cytokines released from activated monocytes mediate inflammation, including interleukine-8 (IL-8) which recruits neutrophils to the site of inflammation. 17β-Estradiol (E2) has a direct role in the modulation of the innate immune function and mediates profound effects on immune function of the monocytes. The...

Author(s): Nipapan Malisorn, Noppawan P. Morales, Yupin Sanvarinda and Payong Wanikiat

  • Article Number: 22C96E536687

November 2010

Evaluation of the chemical composition of Mucuna utilis leaves used in herbal medicine in Southeastern Nigeria

The increased interest in the biological activities of the leaves of Mucuna utilis necessitated this study which evaluated the chemical composition, especially the presence of antiphysiological and toxic factors in the leaves. The results of the phytochemical analyses were: alkaloid, 9.60 ± 0.141%; flavonoids, 4.90 ±  0.20%; saponins, 24.60 ±  1.979%; tannins, 32.55...

Author(s): Ujowundu C. O., Kalu F. N., Emejulu A. A., Okafor O. E.⊃ Nkwonta C. G. and Nwosunjoku E. C.

  • Article Number: 93B776F36708

November 2010

Evaluation of anti-hyperglycemic and free radical scavenging activity of Melothria maderaspatana Linn. in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

The anti-hyperglycemic activity of aqueous extract of Melothria maderaspatana Linn. was evaluted in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Free radical scavenging activity of aqueous extract of M. maderaspatana was assessed in vitro using 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH). Oral administration of aqueous extract of M. maderaspatana significantly decreased the blood glucose level...

Author(s): S. Hemalatha, A. K. Wahi, P. N. Singh and J.P.N. Chansouria

  • Article Number: 732CB8B36733

November 2010

Anxiolytic action and safety of Kava: Effect on rat brain acetylcholinesterase activity and some serum biochemical parameters

Kava is a herbal anxiolytic drug. The present study investigates the response of central cholinergic neurotransmission to kava treatment by measuring acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in cortex, hippocampus and striatum of adult male rats. The present study demonstrates also the effect of chronic use of kava on some liver and kidney function parameters in the sera of rats. Kava administration (75 mg/kg) induced an...

Author(s): Neveen A. Noor

  • Article Number: D99021436752

November 2010

Changes in serum lipid profile following moderate exercise

In this study, 90 middle-aged men were randomly assigned to exercise (E, n= 44) and control groups (C, n= 46) to examine the role of physical exercise on serum lipoproteins. While the exercise group participated in a 2-month training program, the control group maintained their previous exercise habits. Serum triglycerides decreased from 1.54 ± 0.10 to 1.27 ± 0.08 mmol/1 (p<0.001) and high-density...

Author(s): Fahri Akçakoyun

  • Article Number: CB424F236774

November 2010

Impact of saffron as an anti-cancer and anti-tumor herb

Cancer continues to represent the largest cause of mortality in the world and claims over 6 million lives each year. An extremely promising strategy for cancer prevention today is chemoprevention, which is defined as the use of synthetic or natural agents (alone or in combination) to block the development of cancer in human beings. Plants, vegetables, herbs and spices used in folk and...

Author(s): Siavash Hosseinpour Chermahini, Fadzilah Adibah Abd. Majid, Mohamad Roji Sarmidi , Ehsan Taghizadeh  and  Saleh Salehnezhad

  • Article Number: 58B3CC336792