Genomic resources have just started to focus on the faba bean; the genes for synthesis of vicine and convicine (V-C) have not been determined, and recently developed genetic markers for these anti-nutritionals have not been used to examine these traits in very large scale in faba bean. Simple, rapid and cost-effective technologies are crucial in crop breeding programs, especially in the developing world, and in some cases, traditional methodologies are used in combination with genetic markers to assess agronomic traits and the value of gene markers. Here, two methodologies (TiCl4 assay and 274 nm absorption) are re-evaluated for their application in detection of V-C in faba beans. In comparison with TiCl4 assay, the method of 274 nm UV absorption without an HPLC analysis offers more reliable analysis for detection of V-C in immature and mature seeds of faba bean. Its application in high throughput screening by 60 min agitation of immature seeds or mature seed flour in 2% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) allows quick screening of low V-C faba beans. The level of V-C was maximum when seed moisture was 80% and V-C level was measured as 0.92% in CDC Fatima flour. Though V-C from 2% TCA extract of mature and immature seeds of CDC Fatima was detected by 274 wavelength in the TiCl4 assay reaction, a Ti-aglycone complex was not clearly detectible at 480 nm as previously suggested.
Key words: Vicine, convicine, TiCl4 assay, UV assay, high throughput, seed, faba bean.
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