African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 728

Full Length Research Paper

An improved method for screening Fusarium stalk rot resistance in grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]

T. Tesso1*, N. Ochanda1, L. Claflin2 and M.  Tuinstra3
  1Kansas State University, Department of Agronomy, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA2Kansas State University Department of Plant Pathology, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. 3Purdue University, Department of Agronomy, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 02 November 2009
  •  Published: 30 November 2009

Abstract

 

Screening for resistance to Fusarium stalk rot under natural infection has been difficult because of irregularities in disease development. The toothpick inoculation technique was introduced to overcome this problem, but it lacked a mechanism to monitor inoculum dose. In this study, we introduce an improved procedure where inoculum doses are monitored and disease incubation periods are optimized. Five inoculum doses of Fusarium verticillioides (0, 1 × 103, 1 × 104, 1 × 105 and 1 × 106 conidia ml-1) and five disease incubation periods (14, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days) were studied using sorghum genotypes of variable stalk rot reaction.  Plants were inoculated on day 14 after flowering. Disease reaction was scored as length (cm) of necrotic lesion and number of nodes crossed. The effects of both inoculum dose and incubation period were significant. Inoculum doses of 1 × 104 conidia ml-1 and greater and incubation periods of 21 to 42 days clearly resolved differences among genotypes. Noting the burden of producing a highly concentrated inoculum and the lack of need to keep plants after physiological maturity, incubation for 28 days following inoculation with 1 × 104 to 1 × 105 conidia ml-1 is recommended for germplasm screening.

 

Key words: Stalk rot, FusariumSorghum bicolor, inoculum dose (ID), incubation period (IP).