African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 718

Full Length Research Paper

Testing of striga resistant composite maize varieties for response to two levels of nitrogen fertilizer up-take

F. B. Anjorin1*, S. A., Olakojo1 and M. A. Aduloju2
  1Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Obafemi Awolowo university, P.M.B 5029, Moor Plantation, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. 2Department of Agronomy, University of Ilorin, P.M.B. 1515, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 06 August 2013
  •  Published: 30 September 2013

Abstract

 

Trials were carried out using five composite maize varieties in a Striga lutea (Lour) endemic soil of Temidire-Eruwa, Oyo State, Nigeria, in 2004 and 2005. The composite maize varieties were tested under varied fertilizer types, nitrogen (N) concentrations and artificial striga infestation. The objective was to test these striga resistant maize varieties for yield and agronomic performance under the above conditions. The result showed that, variety and year of evaluation differed significantly (P<0.01) for almost all agronomic characters such as plant stand, days to anthesis (silking and tasselling), plant and ear heights as well as root and stalk lodging resistance at both 100 and 200 kgN/ha. Variety x year interaction were also significantly different (P<0.01) for all agronomic characters except root lodging and husk tip cover. Fertilizer type differed only for days to silking, plant height and plant aspect, while year x nitrogen source and variety x nitrogen source was highly significant (P<0.01) for field weight. Plant stands were generally better in 2004 than 2005 for all varieties except Acr 97syn-W and DMR-LSR-W. The composite maize varieties were able to tolerate high N-concentration except DMR-LSR-Y which do not utilize excess nitrogen above 100 kgN/ha. Use of striga resistant maize varieties concomitantly with nitrogen fertilizer is recommended for farmers in S. lutea endemic ecology, for higher grain yield.

 

Key words: Composite maize, fertilizer type, nitrogen (N) concentrations, striga resistance, yield.