African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 688

Full Length Research Paper

Foliar micromorphology of Salvia greggii A. Gray (Lamiaceae)

Lwandiso Dyubeni and Lisa V. Buwa*
Department of Botany, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice, Eastern Cape, 5700, South Africa.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Published: 06 January 2011

Abstract

Foliar micromorphology of Salvia greggii A. Gray was investigated using the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The leaves were characterized by anisocytic stomata which were more abundant on the abaxial epidermal surface. Short multicellular glandular trichomes were observed on both leaf surfaces. Uniseriate and multicelullar non glandular trichomes were also found but more abundant over the mid-rib. Crystal deposits were observed on the epidermal surfaces. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy-SEM of the crystals showed Na, Cl, Ca, Cd, Zn, Mo, Pb, Pi, Si, and S to be the major components. These elements are very essential for plant growth. Glandular and non glandular trichome stability can be attributed to the presence of these elements in this species.

 

Key words: Salvia greggii A. Gray, micromorphology, glandular and non glandular trichomes.

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