African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 728

Short Communication

Antiviral properties of two Nigerian plants

O. O. Ojo*, J. O. Oluyege and O. Famurewa
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of science, University of Ado-Ekiti, P. M. B. 5363 Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 10 June 2009
  •  Published: 31 July 2009

Abstract

   Ethanolic extracts were prepared from Bambusa vulgaris and Aframomum melegueta. They were analysed for antiviral activities against three human viruses namely: measles, yellow fever and polio viruses by standard laboratory tests. Both extracts showed antiviral activities against one or two viruses. B. vulgaris resulted in inhibition only on measles virus at MIC of 62.5 µg/ml while A. melegueta inhibited measles and yellow fever viruses at MICs of 125 and 250 µg/ml respectively. Polio virus type 1 was not susceptible to any of these extracts.

 

Key words: Bambusa vulgaris, Aframomum melegueta. antiviral measles, yellow fever and polio viruses.