African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 724

Full Length Research Paper

Groundnut rosette disease symptoms types distribution and management of the disease in Uganda

D. K. Okello*
  • D. K. Okello*
  • National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute, P.O Private Bag Soroti, Uganda.
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L.B. Akello
  • L.B. Akello
  • National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute, P.O Private Bag Soroti, Uganda.
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P. Tukamuhabwa
  • P. Tukamuhabwa
  • Department of Production, School of Agricultural Sciences, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
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Odong, T.L
  • Odong, T.L
  • Department of Production, School of Agricultural Sciences, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
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M, Ochwo-Ssemakula
  • M, Ochwo-Ssemakula
  • Department of Production, School of Agricultural Sciences, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
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J. Adriko
  • J. Adriko
  • Department of Pathology, University of Georgia, Miller Plant Sciences Building, Athens 30602
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C. M. Deom
  • C. M. Deom
  • Department of Pathology at the University of Georgia, Miller Plant Sciences Building, Athens 30602.
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  •  Received: 12 February 2014
  •  Accepted: 14 March 2014
  •  Published: 31 March 2014

Abstract

Groundnut rosette disease (GRD), caused by a complex of three agents: groundnut rosette assistor luteovirus, groundnut rosette umbravirus, and the associated satellite RNA, is a major groundnut disease in Uganda. Two main symptom types, chlorotic rosette and green rosette occur. A nationwide survey covering 23 districts was done in 2012 and 2013 to ascertain the predominant GRD symptom types, GRD incidences and severity, farmers’ knowledge and their GRD coping mechanisms, the current groundnut seed system and farming practices. Data were analysed using SPSS and Chi-square tests of association. Mean GRD severity scores were geo-referenced and plotted on the Uganda map. Most respondent (52%) were females. Other than Northern Uganda, most regions grow groundnut landraces. Major seed sources were home saved and marketed. Thirty six percent of farmers grew groundnuts after cereals as recommended. All the farmers sampled knew about and had seen both rosette symptoms types, which were more visible during the second rains. A whole 42% of the farmers have no coping mechanism against GRD. The current knowledge of GRD did not have a significant effect on its management, seed source, varieties grown or gender of the farmers. The green rosette type predominates, making Uganda a green rosette belt.

 

Key words: Arachis hypogaea L., groundnut rosette virus, green rosette, yellow rosette.