African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 732

Review

Description and morphometric analysis of a novel species of Ophrys (Orchidaceae) from Hymettus, Greece

Michael T. Valahas
Department of Science, Technology and Mathematics, The American College of Greece, Gravias 6, Aghia Paraskevi, Athens GR 153-42, Greece.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 14 June 2013
  •  Published: 31 August 2013

Abstract

 

An orchid from Mt. Hymettus in Athens, Greece was isolated and described as new in science. The plant, Ophrys dicipulus (sp. nova), a scolopaxoid orchid, morphologically related to the Ophrys heldreichii group was encountered in three distinct locations within an enclosed and previously uncharacterized area of 259000 mon the slopes of Mt. Hymettus. The study to taxonomically define the plant was mediated through its morphometric analysis and geographical distribution. The plant was found to be of greater size with mature specimens displaying an average 10 cm difference in height than the tallest specimens of its closest morphological relative, Ophrys schlechteriana and displaying novel characteristics for the genus (lack of pseudoeye formation on its stigmatic cavity, smaller stigmatic cavity relative to its size as well as lateral lobe differentiations). Furthermore, the plants distribution was not shared with any other species of the Ophrys genus revealing its distinctive geography and ecology.

 

Key words: Ecosystem, morphology, Mt. Hymettus, new species, Ophrys dicipulus,taxonomy.