African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 718

Full Length Research Paper

Chemical profiles as chemotaxonomic tools for Loranthaceae in Nigeria

Jemilat Aliyu Ibrahim*
  • Jemilat Aliyu Ibrahim*
  • Department of Medicinal Plant Research and Traditional Medicine, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development, PMB 21, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Henry Omoreige Egharevba
  • Henry Omoreige Egharevba
  • Department of Medicinal Plant Research and Traditional Medicine, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development, PMB 21, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Ibrahim Iliya
  • Ibrahim Iliya
  • Department of Pharmacy. University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Florence Tarfa
  • Florence Tarfa
  • Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Quality Control, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development, PMB 21, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Abiodun Emmanuel Ayodele
  • Abiodun Emmanuel Ayodele
  • Department of Botany, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 10 February 2014
  •  Accepted: 26 June 2014
  •  Published: 31 July 2014

Abstract

The Loranthaceae species are widespread throughout most regions of the world, and are used for various medicinal and ethnopharmacological purposes. However, the species vary in their pharmacological activity, sometimes in correlation with the species from same ecological region or host plant, due to variation in the chemical profiles. This has led to great emphasis on caution in identification and collection for use. The wide array of secondary metabolites in Loranthaceae species are believed to be of chemotaxonomic importance. In this study, the leaves of seven Nigeria species from different ecological locations were screened for the profiles of their secondary metabolites with a view towards establishing chemotaxonomic significance. The results show the complete absence of alkaloid from all the species. Over 80% of the species tested positive for balsam, flavonoids and phenols, more than 70% tested positive for tannins, 60% for saponins and about 50% tested positive for glycosides and volatile oils. Resins, phlobatannin, terpenes, sterols and anthraquinones were present in less than 50% of the species. Some metabolites were completely absent in one or more species. The patterns displayed could be of chemotaxonomic importance for Loranthaceae in Nigeria.

 

Key words: Loranthaceae, chemotaxonomy, secondary metabolites, Nigeria.