African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 780

Full Length Research Paper

Correlation and path analysis of yield, yield contributing and malt quality traits of Ethiopian sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) genotypes

Gobezayohu Haftu Mengesha
  • Gobezayohu Haftu Mengesha
  • Cereal Breeding, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Mekhoni Agricultural research Centre, Maichew, Tigray Ethiopia, P. O. Box 47, Mekhoni, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Firew Mekbib Hailemariam
  • Firew Mekbib Hailemariam
  • Plant Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar Ethiopia, P. O. Box 138, Dre Dawa Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Taye Tadesse Mindaye
  • Taye Tadesse Mindaye
  • Plant breeding, Melkassa Agricultural Research Centre, Melkassa Ethiopia, P. O. Box 436, Melkassa Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Berhane Lakew
  • Berhane Lakew
  • Plant breeder, Holeta agricultural research centre, Holeta Ethiopia, P. O. Box 31, Holeta Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Ramesh Pal Singh Verma
  • Ramesh Pal Singh Verma
  • Barley Breeder, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Biodiversity and Crop Improvement ProgramRue Hafiane Cherkaoui, Rabat, Morocco.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 18 February 2019
  •  Accepted: 08 April 2019
  •  Published: 31 August 2019


American Association of Cereal Chemists (AACC) (2000). Approved Methods of the American Association of Cereal Chemists. 10th Edition, American Association of Cereal Chemists Inc., St. Paul.


Abegaz K, Fekadu B, Langsrud T, Judith AN (2002). Indigenous processing methods and raw materials of borde, an Ethiopian traditional fermented beverage. Food Technology Africa 7:59-64.


Abuali AI, Abdelmulla AA, Idris AE (2012). Character Association and Path Analysis in Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.). American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 2(3):370-381.


Adetunji A (2011). Development of a database of sorghum cultivars in southern Africa, with emphasis on end-use quality, particularly brewing quality. MSc Thesis. University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.


Agu R, Palmer C, Geoff H (2013). Evaluation of the potentials of millet, sorghum and barley with similar nitrogen contents malted at their optimum germination temperatures for use in brewing. Journal of


Insitute of Brewing 119:258-264.


Alam MM, Hammer GL, Van Oosterom EJ, Cruickshank AW, Colleen H, Jordan DR (2014). A physiological framework to explain genetic and environmental regulation of tillering in sorghum. Australia. New Phytologist 203:155-167.


Alhassan U, Adedayo A (2011). Genetic Diversity in Malting Quality of some Sorghum Genotypes [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. PAT 6(2):51-60.


Alhassan U, Yeye MY, Aba DA, Alabi SO (2008). Correlation and path coefficient analyses for agronomic and malting quality traits in some sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] genotypes. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 6(3-4):285288.


Amsalu A, Endashaw B (2012). Geographical patterns of morphological variation in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] germplasm from Ethiopia and Eritrea: Quantitative characters. Euphytica 115: 91-104.


Anheuser B (2010). Red bridge Beer Made with you in Mind. Availbale at: 



American Society of Brewing Chemists (ASBC) (2008). Method: malt analysis, in Methods of Analysis of the American Society of Brewing Chemists. American Society of Brewing Chemists: St Paul, MN.


Asfaw A (2007). The role of introduced sorghum and millets in Ethiopian agriculture. Journal I CRISAT 3(1):1-4.


Bello OB, Olaoye G (2009). Combining ability for maize grain yield and other agronomic characters in a typical southern guinea savanna ecology of Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(11):2518-2522.


Beta T, Rooney LW, Waniska RD (1995). Malting characteristics of sorghum varieties. Cereal Chemistry 72(6):533-538.


Bichoński A, Śmiałowski T (2004). Relationships and correlations between brewery traits of the spring barley varieties 7(2).


Biru A (1979). Agricultural field experiment management manual part II. AIR (Institute of Agricultural Research), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Chiremba C, Rooney LW, Taylor JRN (2011). Relationship between simple grain quality parameters for the estimation of sorghum and maize hardness in commercial hybrid cultivars. Journal of Cereal Chemistry 88:570-575.


Chittapur R, Biradar BD (2015). Association studies between quantitative and qualitative traits in rabi sorghum. Indian Journal Agricutural Science 49(5):468-471.


Dewar J, Taylor JRN, Berjak P (1997a). Determination of improved steeping conditions for sorghum malting. Journal of Cereal Science 26:129-136.


Dewar J, Taylor JRN, Berjak P (1997b). Effect of germination conditions, with optimised steeping on sorghum malt quality with particular reference to free amino nitrogen. Journal of the Institute of Brewing 103:171-175.


Dewey DR, Lu KH (1959). A correlation and path coefficient analysis of components of crested wheat grass kernel production. Journal of Agronomy 51:515-518.


Edney MJ, Eglinton JK, Collins HM, Barr AR, Legge WG, Rossnagel BG, Brew JI (2007). Importance of Endosperm Modification for Malt Wort Fermentability. Journal of Institute of Brewing 113(2):228-238.


European Brewery Convention (1997). EBC-Analytica, 5th ed., Hans Carl Fachverlag, Nurnberg.


Ezeaku IE, Mohammed SG (2006). Character association and path analysis in grain sorghum. African Journal Biotechnology 5(14):1337-1340.


Food and agriculture organization (FAO) (2016). Cereals production and utilization. Biannual report, 2016.


Gebremeskel G, Yemane G, Solomon H (2017). Response of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties to blended fertilizer on yield, yield component and nutritional content in irrigation in Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Bioscience 6(3):153-162.


Gomez AK, Gomez AA (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Willey and Sons Inc., New York. 657 p.


Harlan JR (1992). Crops and Man. 2nd Edition, American Society of Agronomy and Crop Socence. America, Madison, WI.


Jahufer MZZ, Gawler FI (2000). Genotypic variation for seed yield components in white clover (Trifoliumrepens L.). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 51:657-663.


Kalpande HV, Chavan SK, More AW, Patil VS, Unche PB (92014). Character association, genetic variability and component analysis in sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench]. Journal Crop and Weed 10(2):108-110.


Kassahun A, Habtamu Z, Geremew B (2011). Variability for yield, yield related traits, protein Content and association among traits of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench] Varieties in Wollo, Ethiopia. Journal Plant Breeding and Crop Science pp. 125-133.


Khandelwal V, Shukla M, Jodha BS, Nathawat VS, Dashora SK (2015). Genetic Parameters and Character Association in Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moenc]). Indian Journal of Science and Technology 8(22).


Kumar V, Pal R, Verma S, Kumar D, Kharub AS, Sharma I (2014). Association of malting quality attributes under timely and late sown conditions in barley ( Hordeum vulgare L .). Jurnalof Wheat Research 6(2):167-170.


Laidig F, Peter H, Dirk P, Thomas R (2017). Breeding progress, genotypic and environmental variation and correlation of quality traits in malting barley in German official variety trials between 1983 and 2015. Journal of Theoretical and Appllied Genetics 130(11):2411-2429.


Mesfin T, Tileye F (2013). Genetic Diversity of Wild Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor ssp. verticilliflorum (L.) Moench) Germplasm from Ethiopia as Revealed by ISSR Markers. Asian Journal of Plant Science 12(3):137-144.


Muhammad A, Muhammad R, Muhammad ST, Amer H, Tariq M, Muhammad SA (2003). Character association and path coefficient analysis of grain yield and yield components in maize. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 6(2):136-138.


Orr A, Mwema C, Gierend A, Nedumaran S (2016). Sorghum and Millets in Eastern and Southern Africa. Facts, Trends and Outlook. Working Paper Series No. 62. ICRISAT Research Program, Markets, Institutions and Policies. Patancheru 502 324, Telangana, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics 76 p.


Poehlman JM, Sleper DA (1995). Breeding Field Crops 4th ed. Iowa State University Press, Ames. Iowa.USA. 494 p.


Pržulj N, Momcilovic V, Crnobarac J (2013). Path Coefficient Analysis of Quality of Two-Row Spring Barley. Genetika 1(45):121-30.


Robertson GE (1959). The sampling variance of the genetic correlation coefficient. Biometric 15:469-485.


Rooney LW, Milner FR (1982). Variation in the structure and kernel characteristics of sorghum. Processing international symposium on sorghum grain quality, ICRISAT: Patancheru, A., India pp. 143-162.


Schuler SF, Bacon RK, Gbur EE (1994). Kernel and spike character influence on test weight of soft red winter wheat. Journal of Cereal Science 34:1309-1313.


Silva KJ, Teodoro PE, Menezes CB, De Júlio MP (2017). Contribution of morphoagronomic traits to grain yield and earliness in grain sorghum. Journal Genetics and Molecular Research 16(2).


Singh RK, Chaudhary BD 91985). Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetics 3rd Editition. Kaliyani Publishers, New Delhi-Ludhiana.


Taylor JRN, Belton PS (2002). Sorghum. In: Belton PS, Taylor JRN (eds.), Pseudo cereals and Less Common Cereals pp. 55-59.


Taylor JRN, Dewar J (2000). Fermented products: Beverage and porriges, pp.751-795. In Smith CW, Frederiksen RA (eds.), Sorghum: origin, history, technology, and production, Wiley, New York.


Taylor JRN, Taylor J (2008). Five Simple Methods for the Determination of Sorghum Grain End-Use Quality. Department of Food Science, University of Pretoria, South Africa. INTSORMIL Scientific Publications. Available at: 



Vavilov NI (1951). The origin, variation, immunity and breeding of cultivated plants. Chronica Botanica 13:1-366.


Wenzel WG, Pretorius AJ (1995). The genetic variability of malt quality and related characteristics in grain sorghum. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 12(1):38-41.