African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 762

Table of Content: February 2015; 9(2)

February 2015

Ethnobotanical study of indigenous knowledge of plant-material culture in Masha and Yeki Districts, Southwest Ethiopia

Plants have been used throughout human history as a source of food, medicine and material culture. Several studies on plant material culture from Ethiopia, were limited to a certain geographical areas and ethnic groups. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to investigate the plants and associated indigenous knowledge of three ethnic groups (Shekacho, Sheko and Mejengir), residing in the Masha and Yeki Districts of...

Author(s): Seada Yassin, Balcha Abera and Ensermu Kelbessa

February 2015

Hairy roots production in Phyllanthus odontadenius Müll. Arg. by seedlings transformed with Agrobacterium rhizogenes A4RS/pHKN29

Phyllanthus odontadenius Müll. Arg is one of the most important medicinal plants in the genus Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae). It is used in different regions in the world for the treatment of various diseases for example malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum causing millions deaths in tropical and subtropical regions. In this work, we experimented P. odontadenius seeds germination and seedlings infected by...

Author(s): Kikakedimau Nakweti R., Virginie Vaissayre, Diamuini Ndofunsu A., Luyindula Ndiku S., Jocelyne Bonneau and Claudine Franche

February 2015

Morphometric study of accessions of Sesamum indicum L. collected from Nigeria

Sesamum (Sesamum indicum L.), is a very beneficial plant with manifold implementation in human life hence the identification of different species on the basis of morphological basis is indeed a need especially in less developed parts of the world. Morphometric studies of 12 accessions were carried out in order to find out characters which may be used for the delimitation of the accessions. Both quantitative and...

Author(s): Zhigila, Daniel Andrawus, Sawa, Fatsuma Binta Jafun and Abdul, Suleiman D.

February 2015

In-situ morphological characterization of coconut in the Coastal Lowlands of Kenya

Characterization of in situ coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) genotypes using morphological descriptors is of primary importance for genetic resources. Variations in five traits were recorded on 48 selected coconut palms located at 0 to 177 m above sea level in the Coastal Lowlands of Kenya. The objective of our study was to characterize coconut palms in the coastal Kenya using morphological markers. Data was recorded on...

Author(s): Maurice E. Oyoo, Muhammed Najya, Stephen M. Githiri, Pascal O. Ojwang, Francis K. Muniu, Emmanuel Masha and James O. Owuoche

February 2015

Coffee leaf damaging insects’ occurrence in the forest coffee ecosystem of southwestern Ethiopia

Insects are diverse and abundant in forest ecosystems, but poorly documented in afromontane rainforests in Southwestern Ethiopia where Coffea arabica L. originated and is distributed worldwide. Therefore, the present study was initiated to study the occurrence of coffee leaf damaging insect pests in the afromontane rainforest of southwestern Ethiopia. Accordingly, surveys on insect pest of coffee were conducted to...

Author(s): Chemeda Abedeta, Emana Getu, Emiru Seyoum, H. Hindorf and Techale Berhane

February 2015

Integrated management of Cercospora leaf spots of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) through host resistance and fungicides in Eastern Ethiopia

Cercospora leaf spots caused by Cercospora arachidicola and Cercosporidium personatum are the most widespread diseases of groundnut that result in severe yield losses in Ethiopia. Field trials were conducted at Babile and Dire Dawa to evaluate the effect of integrated use of host resistance and fungicides on the temporal epidemics of leaf spots and yield of groundnut. The experiments were conducted during the 2010 main...

Author(s): Solomon Debele and Amare Ayalew

February 2015

Efficacy of selected plant extracts against Tribolium castaneum Herbst in stored groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

The efficacy of powders of plant parts from Azadirachta indica, Lawsonia inermis, Annona senegalensis and Hyptis suaveolens at 10, 15 and 20 g/250 g seeds was tested using Complete Randomized Design (CRD) against the storage pest Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) in groundnut in the laboratory. At 28 days after application, mean number of seeds damaged was 0.33±0.33 for A. indica and 2.33±0.33 for L. inermis at...

Author(s): Onoja Ojogbane Joel

February 2015

Physiological nutrient use efficiency of banana hybrids across agro ecological regions in Uganda

Banana is an important source of food and income for millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa and Uganda in particular. This makes it one of the most important food crops in the country. However, production is limited by both biotic and abiotic constraints. Among the biotic constraints, is the decline in soil fertility. In addressing some of these biotic and abiotic constraints, banana breeding programmes are developing...

Author(s): B. Ahumuza, T. A. Basamba, P. Van Asten and W. K. Tushemereirwe