African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 389


Disorder and democratic development: The political instrumentalization of patronage and violence in Nigeria

  Ayokunle Olumuyiwa Omobowale  
Department of Sociology, Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 18 April 2011
  •  Published: 30 June 2011



Nigeria’s fourth transition to civil rule on May 29, 1999, no doubt gave the hope of democratic, economic and social development for the nation. It was with joyous mood that it was received with seemingly overall and overwhelming conviction of ‘a final stop to military rule’. As Nigeria’s democracy gradually grows, it seems to strive within the precincts of disorder as patronage and violence becomes its hallmark. Whereas these are vices that democracy is supposed to check, this paper examines the instrumentalization of patronage and violence in Nigeria’s democratic structure and its possible implication for development. Data for the study were collected through oral interviews with political actors that cut across the 3 main political parties including Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP), All Nigeria Peoples’ Party (ANPP) and Action Congress (AC).


Key words: Disorder, democratic development, political instrumentalization, patronage, violence, Nigeria.